History Quiz / HCHS European History (1900's)

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April-June 1982 conflict between UK & Argentina over namesake islands/Argentina under Galtieri invaded/defeated by Brits/Reagan supported UK effort
West German Chancellor at fall of Berlin Wall
Marxist revolutionary/initially Menshevik/Bolshevik just before Oct Rev/Commisar for Foreign Affairs & of Military & Naval Affairs/opposed Stalin/exiled then assassinated in Mexico
Soviet leader directly after Stalin (1953-64)/Secret Speech denouncing Stalin's policies/supported Soviet space program/Cuban Missile Crisis/died 1971
1968 reform attempt by Dubcek in Czechoslovakia/ended censorship, independent farm co-ops/crushed by Brezhnev & Soviet tanks
Deadliest pandemic in history/fall 1918 to summer 1919/killed more people than WW1/killed 20-50 million world-wide
Polish leader of Solidarity union (1st independent union in Soviet Bloc)/pres of Poland (1990-95)/1983 Nobel Peace Prize/famous mustache/electrician at Lenin Shipyard (Gdansk)
1936-39/unit of Nazi German army & air force sent to help Franco (Nationalists) during Spanish Civil War/carried out bombing of Guernica
Born in Georgia/studied to become priest/edited Pravda/1st Premier of USSR/'Socialism in One Country'/5 Yr Plans/Great Purge/led USSR thru WW2/led to deaths of millions
1956 attack on Egypt by Britain, France & Israel to regain Western control of Suez Canal & remove Egyptian Pres Nasser/withdrew under pressure from US, USSR, & UN
Official Nazi secret police/created by Goring in 1933/later brought under Himmler's SS
Pope from 1978-2005/Polish Karol Wojtyla/worked to end Communism in Europe/canonized after purportedly healing French nun from Parkinson's disease
1989 non-violent transition of power from Communism to parliamentary republic in Czechoslovakia/begun by student protests & 2 hr general strike involving all citizens
1923-38/founder & president of Republic of Turkey/defeated Allies after WW1 & abolished Ottoman Empire/created secular nationalist nation/modernized & industrialized Turkey
30 Jan 1972/also called Bogside Massacre/Brit soldiers in Derry, Northern Ireland shot 28 unarmed civilians during protest march/investigated by Widgery Tribunal & Saville Inquiry
PM of Kenya (1963-64) & 1st Pres (1964-78)/transformed Kenya from Brit colony to independent nation/led KANU party/falsely accused of planning Mau-Mau Uprising & imprisoned
1954-62 war between France & Algerian colony/military stalemate which led to Algerian independence & French 5th Republic/900,000 Algerian refugees fled to France
1992 treaty that established the European Union
Conservative & 1st Brit female PM (1979-90)/Iron Lady/Lockerbie bombing/privatization of industry/Falklands War/Cold War ally of Reagan/Community Charge/ended Winter of Discontent
1924 plan that successfully resolved issue of WW1 German reparations/provided for end to Allied occupation & staggered repayment plan/namesake won 1925 Nobel Peace Prize
Irish paramilitary organization/wanted elimination of Brit control of Northern Ireland/used terror attacks in 70's & 80's/ceased violent action in 1997
Pope from 1939-1958/during WW2/criticized for public silence & inaction about fate of Jews under Nazis
Official paramilitary wing of Mussolini's National Fascist Party/called Squadrismo/model for Hitler's SA/became increasingly violent as Mussolini gained power
French Pres 1959-69/leader of Free French in WW2/founded 5th Republic in 1958 w/strong presidency/gave Appeal of 18 June in WW2/
1995-2007/conservative Pres of France/Mayor of Paris (1977-1995)/support dirigism (heavy state direction of economy)/found guilty of diverting public funds in 2011/prison for 2 yrs
Brit polymath/coined 'eugenics' & 'nature vs nurture'/1st weather map/method for using fingerprints by police/Hereditary Genius/created correlation in statistics & psychometrics
Treaty between newly formed USSR & Germany during WW1 (1918)
King of Spain (1975-2014)/chosen by Franco as successor/began transition to democracy/abdicated to son Felipe VI in 2014/grandson of Alphonso XIII
Brit PM during WW2 (1940-1945, 1951-1955)/Mau Mau Uprising/Korean War/World War 2/won Nobel Prize in Literature
1947-91 period of geopolitical tension between USSR & USA & allies/involved containment strategy/proxy wars in Korea, Vietnam & 3rd World nations globally/ended w/collapse of USSR
Slovak leader of Czechoslovakia/attempted reform in Prague Spring (1968)/expelled from Comm. Party (1970)/banished to work in timber yard in Bratislava/returned to power in 1989
Began with overthrow of provisional govt in Petrograd/created Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic/technically occurred in November (Gregorian calendar)/led by Bolsheviks
Conservative Brit PM (1937-1940)/Munich agreement with Hitler/Peace in Our Time
International organization founded in 1923 to facilitate worldwide police cooperation/based in Lyon, France/focused on terrorism, cybercrime & organized crime
German political party founded in 1920 as the National Socialist German Workers' Party/slogan was One People, One Nation, One Leader/led by Adolf Hitler
Eldest son of Quen Elizabeth II/serves as Prince of Wales (longest-serving in that role)/married Princess Diana in 1981/married Camilla Parker Bowles in 2005
1945-46 military trials held by Allies in Germany/tried Nazi leaders for war crimes/1st mention of genocide in intl law/10 executed/SCOTUS justice Robert H Jackson was prosecutor
Chancellor of West Germany (1969-74)/leader of Social Democratic Party/won 1971 Nobel Peace Prize for efforts to unite European nations/tried to reconcile w/Eastern bloc nations
8-9 Nov 1923/failed coup by Hitler & Ludendorff/attempted to seize power in Munich, Bavaria/Hitler arrested & wrote Mein Kampf in prison/led Hitler to seek power by legal means
1936-39 Spanish conflict/rebels (Nationalists) led by Francisco Franco overthrew 2nd Spanish Republic/Nazis & Italians supported Franco/USSR & Mexico supported govt
1st Chancellor of West Germany (1949-63)/co-founder of Christian Democratic Union party/close relations w/US, France & UK/achieved democracy & economic development
1936-2011/Czech writer & political activist/last pres of Czechoslovakia/1st pres of Czech Republic/The Garden Party/The Memorandum/helped found Charter 77/Civic Forum party
1928 international agreement to outlaw war/authored by US Sec of State & French foreign minister/titled General Treaty for Renunciation of War as an Instrument of National Policy
1962-65/called by Pope John XXIII/use of vernacular in Mass/disuse of ornate clerical regalia/Mass w/officiant facing people/liturgical changes/disliked by traditionalists
1936-75/Spanish dictator/initially conservative monarchist/helped start Spanish Civil War w/coup vs Popular Front govt/won Spanish CW w/help from Germany, Italy/adopted Falangism
1986/Soviet nuclear power plant in Pripyat, Ukraine/reactor 4 exploded during safety test releasing fallout into atmosphere/31 immediate deaths/level 7 event/cost 18 billion rubles
Nazi propaganda term for annexation of Austria (12 March 1938)
June 30-July 2 1934/also Operation Hummingbird/Nazi purge carried out under Hitler by Goring & Himmler's SS against Rohm & SA/Rohm & many leftist Nazi leaders killed
1929 plan that replaced Dawes plan to settle German reparations for WW1/reduced payments by 20%
Judicial organ of the United Nations/founded 1945/comprised of 15 judges/located in Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands/only principal UN organ not located in New York City
1952-60/war in British Kenya colony/KLFA vs Brit colonists/rebels led by Dedan Kimathi/Kepenguria Six were imprisoned/rebellion suppressed but led to independence in 1963
1981-95/longest serving French pres/led Socialist Party/nationalized industry but reversed in economic crisis/served under Vichy & Resistance in WW2/initially Catholic nationalist
1917-1922/senior figure in Russian Social Democratic Labor Party in St Petersburg/Siberia for 3 yrs/fled to W Europe/led Bolsheviks vs Mensheviks/embalmed on display in Red Square
Original paramilitary wing of Nazi Party/provided protection for Nazi rallies/violent assaults on opposing parties (esp Communists)/nearly eliminated in Night of the Long Knives
1888-1918/last German Emperor/eldest grandchild of Queen Victoria of UK/fired Bismarck in 1890/started 'New Course' for militarized Germany/abdicated at conclusion of WW1
9-10 Nov 1938/also called Night of Broken Glass/pogrom against Jew by Nazis/Jewish homes, businesses, synagogues demolished/30,000 Jewish men arrested & sent to concentration camps
1939 neutrality pact between Nazis & USSR/officially Treaty of Non-aggression between Germany & the USSR/secret protocol about spheres of influence in E Europe/broken 1941 by Nazis
First artificial earth satellite/launched by USSR on 4 Oct 1957/orbited almost 3 months/led to Space Race w/US/was 23 inch metal sphere w/antennas/name means traveling companion
Began on Women's Day in March 1917 in Petrograd/won when joined by Russian Army/Nicholas II abdicated/replaced by Prince Lvov/leaderless & unplanned revolution
Barrier constructed beginning August 13, 1961 that cut off West Berlin from the rest of East Germany/actual demolition began in 1990
Precipitated by Soviet blockade of German capital/USA (Operation Vittles) & UK (Operation Plainfare) airlifted food & fuel for 11 months until Soviets lifted blockade
1939-40 war between USSR & Finland/Soviet invasion in early WW2/led to USSR expulsion from League of Nations/poor Red Army performance encouraged Hitler to invade Russia
Pope from 1922-1939/resolved Lateran Treaty w/Mussolini in 1929 which settled the 'Roman Question'
1929 treaty between Mussolini & Pope Pius XI/made Vatican City an independent country within Italy/ended 'Roman Question'
24-29 April 1916/Irish rebellion against Brit rule/failed w/16 leaders executed/built support for independence/organized by Irish Republican Brotherhood/Pearse & Connolly leaders
Author of 1988 novel/used magic realism/based on life of Mohammad/focused on verses from Quran referring to pagan deities/Ayatollah Khomeini issued fatwa calling for his death
Literally 'protection squadron'/main Nazi paramilitary group/led by Himmler/branches enforced racial policy, ran concentration camps, & fought in military (Waffen)
1918-33 govt of Germany established after WW1/was constitutional republic/had major issues w/hyperinflation & political extremism/wiped out by Hitler seizure of power
Queen of 16 of 53 members of Commonwealth of Nations/has been Queen since 1952/surpassed Victoria on Sept 9, 2015 as longest reigning British monarch/house of Windsor
Political-economic union of 28 member nations (currently) founded in 1993 out of European Economic Community/uses Euro as currency/source of Brexit movement in UK/based in Brussels
Serbian Yugoslav leader/studied law at Belgrade U/became Communist there/called Butcher of the Balkans/tried by International Court of Justice/died in prison
First wife of Prince Charles of UK (1981)/they separated in 1992/divorced in 1996/died in car crash in Paris tunnel in 1997
King of UK from January-December 1936/abdicated to marry American Wallis Simpson (twice divorced)/became Duke of Windsor, governor of Bahamas, retired in France
Served in Royal Navy & RAF in WW1/reigned during WW2 & breakup of Empire/portrayed by Colin Firth in 2010 film The King's Speech
Regional European organization founded by Treaty of Rome in 1957 to bring economic integration among member nations/renamed European Community in 1993 upon formation of EU
Grandson of Victoria/served in Royal Navy/Parliament Act of 1911 (supremacy to House of Commons)/changed name of royal house in 1917 b/c of anti-German sentiment from WW1
King of Spain (1886-1931)/called The African/lost support b/c of his support of dictator PM Rivera/overthrown by 1931 plebiscite abolishing monarchy
5-6 Sept 1972/kidnap & murder of 11 Israeli athletes during Summer Olympics by Black September (Palestinian terrorist group)/wanted 234 Palestinian prisoners released/failed rescue
1925 autobiographical manifesto by Hitler/written while imprisoned for Beer Hall Putsch/heavily antisemitic Nazi philosophy/mentioned Henry Ford in favorable way
Left-wing Irish political party/founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith/many members involved in Easter Rising/currently 1 of 2 largest Irish political parties
International summer games that took place in Germany under Adolf Hitler/filmed by Leni Riefenstahl (Olympia)/African American Jesse Owens won 4 gold medals in track & field events
1914-23/systematic extermination & expulsion of 1.5 million Armenians in Ottoman Empire/death marches to Syrian desert

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Created Jan 8, 2020ReportNominate
Tags:Europe Quiz, 1900, description

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