History Quiz / HCHS European History (1700's)

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Can you answer the questions about European history in the 1700's?

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DescriptionAnswer
2 acts/one by the English Parliament (1706) & the other by the Scottish (1707)/united Scotland & England into Great Britain w/single combined Parliament/took effect on 1 May 1707
Bourbon French king (1643-1715)/said 'L'etat c'est moi' (I am the state) & 'Apres moi, le deluge' (After me, the flood)/War of Spanish Succession/revoked Edict of Nantes in 1685
Russian military leader, noble, statesman, & lover of Catherine the Great/led peaceful annexation of Crimea (1783) & successful 2nd Russo-Turkish War/harsh on Cossacks
Period of Revolution from mid-1793 to end of July, 1794/nearly 17,000 death sentences/ended w/Thermidorian Reaction & fall of Robespierre
1760's-mid 1800's/transition to new manufacturing processes in Europe & US/introduction of mechanized factories, chemical manufacture, steam power/began in textile industry in UK
Prussian royal house/began w/Frederick I/split into Catholic Swabian & Protestant Franconian branches/included Frederick the Great, Wilhelm I, Wilhelm II/overthrown at end of WW1
1768-74 war between Catherine the Great of Russia & the Ottoman Empire under Mustapha III/major Russian victories increased Russian influence in Europe (esp Poland)
Prince-elector of Hanover/given British throne upon death of Queen Anne as closest Protestant relative (51st in line of succession)/first PM Walpole
King from 1727-60/last Brit monarch born outside UK & last to lead troops in battle (Dettingen 1743 in War of the Austrian Succession/defeated Bonnie Prince Charlie
Name for common people of France/name came from clothing/became radicalized & were main force of Revolution/wanted social & economic equality & democracy
1772 political event orchestrated by Frederick the Great to avoid war between Austria & Russia/ended existence of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
1754-63/UK & Prussia, Russia vs France, Austria, Spain, Sweden/French & Indian War in Americas/Frederick the Great of Prussia
1701-14/war over partitioning of Habsburg empire of Charles II/Louis XIV of France wanted grandson on throne of Spain/France vs Holy Roman Empire, UK/Treaty of Utrecht
1739-48 conflict/Brits vs Spanish/Spanish coast guard cut off namesake's ear after boarding his ship/absorbed into War of the Austrian Succession/fought in GA & Caribbean Sea
Daughter of Maria Theresa/Queen of France from 1774-1792/Diamond Necklace Incident/said 'let them eat cake'/executed in Reign of Terror
1792-97 war/coalition of European powers attacked French Republic but were beaten back/Napoleon rose toward the end, captured Mantua, crossed Alps & invaded Austria
1721-1742/1st British Prime Minister/served under George I & II/longest serving/leadership called Robinocracy/father of author Horace Walpole (The Castle of Otranto)
Queen of England then Great Britain after Acts of Union (1707)/daughter of James II/War of the Spanish Succession/17 pregnancies, 5 children all died in childhood
King of France executed under the Reign of Terror
Final attempt by Jacobites to regain throne for Stuarts/Bonnie Prince Charlie invaded from France & after initial victory at Falkirk Muir was defeated at Culloden (1746)
1702-13/North American theater of the War of the Spanish Succession/primarily fought in Spanish Florida & French Canada/England received Acadia, Hudson Bay, & Newfoundland
1729-97/Anglo-Irish statesman & philosopher/supported US in Revolution/wrote Reflections on the Revolution in France & A Vindication of Natural Society
1st president of Committee of Public Safety/president of Cordeliers club/leader in education & govt/tried to reconcile Girondists & Montagnards/executed as one of the Indulgents
DescriptionAnswer
1713 edict by Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI to ensure Habsburg territories would go to his daughter Maria Theresa/defied ancient Salic law/led to War of the Austrian Succession
1723-90/Scottish philosopher & economist/wrote The Theory of Moral Sentiments & The Wealth of Nations/advocated lassez-faire economics & the Invisible Hand
Legislative body in France until 1789, representing the three estates of the realm (i.e., the clergy, the nobility, and the commons
Prussian king (1740-1786)/3rd Hohenzollern king/1st Partition of Poland/enlightened absolutism/tactical military genius/had 6 horses shot from under him in battle
23 June 1757 battle/Brit East India Company under Clive defeated Nawab of Bengal & French allies/ended Carnatic Wars/opened way for Brits to conquer all India
1701 Act of Parliament/said no Catholic could become monarch of England/caused the crown to go to George I of Hanover (51st in line of succession) upon death of Queen Anne in 1714
1740-48/war over Maria Theresa's claims to the Habsburg realms/included King George's War & War of Jenkin's Ear/ended w/Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle/Maria got part
1789-90/small vessel sent by Royal Navy on botanical mission to West Indies under William Bligh/mutiny by Lt Fletcher Christian took ship/burned by mutineers at Pitcairn Island
1794 coup d'├ętat w/in French Revolution against Jacobin leaders of Committee of Public Safety/National Convention voted to execute Robespierre & Louis Saint-Just/named for month
1724-1804/Prussian philosopher/known for 'categorical imperative'/author of Critique of Pure Reason, Critique of Practical Reason, The Metaphysics of Morals, Critique of Judgment
Treaty that ended the War of the Austrian Succession (1748)
Political movement in Great Britain & Ireland to restore House of Stuart to throne/first w/James the Old Pretender then w/his son Bonnie Prince Charlie
1783-1801 & 1804-06/youngest Brit PM/attempted to remove rotten boroughs/opposed slave trade/formed Triple Alliance to oppose Russia but it collapsed before fighting
Economic theory stating that a nation's power is as great as its wealth/adopted by Europeans from 16th-18th centuries
1700-21/Russian-led coalition under Peter the Great vs Swedish coalition under Charles XII/Swedes defeated at Battle of Poltava (1709)/Russia became dominant Baltic power
Treaty that ended the American Revolution (1783)
1789 document passed by National Constituent Assembly/influenced by Thomas Jefferson/partly written & introduced by Lafayette/also included in constitutions of 4th & 5th Republics
Oath taken by members of the National Assembly after being locked out of by King/vowed to not separate until constitution of kingdom was established
1733-35 war begun by Polish civil war/Bourbons & Prussia fought Habsburgs/Russia supported Polish victor/Augustus III took Polish throne
1711-76/Scottish philosopher & economist/wrote An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, & A Treatise of Human Nature
20 June 1756/small prison in Ft William in Calcutta where troops of the Nawab of Bengal held Brit POW's for 3 days/123 of 146 died
1682-1696-1725/Co-ruled w/brother Ivan V for 14 yrs/attempted to modernize Russia/forced nobles to shave beards
1766-68/Prime Minister under George III /'Great Commoner'/changed war effort in French & Indian War from West Indies to Canada/replaced weak military leaders
DescriptionAnswer
1694-1778/French philosopher/hated Catholic Church/advocated freedom of speech & religion/author of Candide, The Age of Louis XIV, Henriade, The Maid of Orleans, Micromegas
1745-97/also known as Gustavus Vassa/Nigerian abolitionist & former slave/wrote The Interesting Narrative of the Life of ___ ___/had major influence on Brit abolitionists
1720-88/name for Charles Edward Stuart/son of James Francis Edward Stuart & grandson of James II/led 1745 Jacobite Rising/was defeated at Culloden in 1746/escaped to France
General name of overthrow of the French monarchy beginning July 14th, 1789 w/storming of the Bastille/led to execution of Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette during Reign of Terror
French lawyer & politician/arrested & executed in 1794 after Thermidorian reaction/nicknamed 'the incorruptible'/member of Estates-General & Jacobin club/Committe of Public Safety
French prime minister & diplomat under Louis XVI, French Revolution, Napoleon, Louis XVIII, Charles X, & Louis-Philippe
King of Great Britain (1760-1820)/mental illness in later years/7 Years War/American Revolution/longest reign of any Brit monarch at that time
Treaty that ended the Great Northern War (1721)/peace between Sweden & Russia
1688-1766/son of James II of England/called The Old Pretender/claimed throne in 1701 but was excluded by Act of Settlement/attempted to take by force in Jacobite Rising of 1715
Ruled Russia (1762-1796)/German princess became tsarina/husband Peter III assassinated/annexed Crimea/Potemkin was a favorite/supported Diderot & enlightenment until French Rev.
16 April 1746/final battle of Jacobite Rising of 1745/Charles Edward Stuart was defeated by Duke of Cumberland near Inverness in Scotand/last pitched battle on Brit soil
Holy Roman Emperor (1640-1705)/first cousin of Louis XIV/defeated Ottomans in Great Turkish War/also fought 2nd Northern War, Dutch War, 9 Yrs War, & War of the Spanish Succession
Physician & scientist/radical journalist during Revolution/called for September Massacres/periodical Friend of the People tied to Jacobins/murdered by Charlotte Corday in bath tub
1746-63/series of 3 conflicts in India between French & Brit East India Companies/involved Mughal Empire/Brits under Robert Clive won/overlapped w/Seven Years War/Battle of Plassey
1712-78/French philosopher from Geneva/author of Discourse on Inequality, The Social Contract, Emile, Confessions/popular among Jacobins during French Revolution
Political club during the Revolution named for Dominican convent where they met/led by Robespierre/allied with sans-cullottes/dominated Committee of Public Safety
Only female Habsburg ruler (1740-80)/daughter of Charles VI/subject of Pragmatic Sanction of 1713/lost Silesia to Prussia in War of the Austrian Succession/hated Jews & Protestants
Treaty that ended the War of Spanish Succession (1713)
Created in 1793 under the National Convention/became ruling power of France during Reign of Terror (1793-94) under Robespierre
1773-75/rebellion led by man claiming to be Tsar Peter III/supported by Old Believers, Cossacks, & serfs/major victory at Battle of Kazan (1774)/crushed by Gen Michelsohn
Treaty that ended the War of the First Coalition (1797)
1713-84/Spanish Franciscan priest/founded missions in San Diego & San Francisco/called Apostle of California

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Created Nov 1, 2019ReportNominate
Tags:Europe Quiz, 1700, description

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