History Quiz / HCHS European History (1500's)

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Can you answer the questions about European History during the 1500's?

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Author of On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres in 1543/advocated heliocentric theory
King of England titled by Pope Leo X as 'Defender of the Faith' for his work Defense of the Seven Sacraments/later broke from the Catholic Church to marry Anne Boleyn/born in 1509
German Augustinian monk/became reformer who married Katharina von Bora (a former nun)/attacked Tetzel's selling of indulgences/advocated Sola Fide (salvation by faith alone)
English sea captain under Elizabeth I/led 2nd circumnavigation of earth (1577-80)/commanded Brit fleet during Spanish Armada/Spanish regarded him as a pirate & called him El Draque
Catholic order of the Counter-Reformation approved by Pope Paul III in 1540/founded by Ignatius of Loyola/also called the Society of Jesus
Decree of Henry IV of France granting French Calvinists (Huguenots) substantial rights & freedom of religion/revoked in 1685 by Louis XIV with Edict of Fontainbleau
Swiss reformer who became pastor of the Grossmünster in Zurich, Switzerland/attacked Anabaptists/disagreed with Luther on transubstantiation at Marburg Colloquy
1520 meeting in France between Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France/intended to increase friendship between the two nations after Anglo-French treaty of 1514
Temporary religious settlement (1555) between Catholic Charles V & Protestant German princes/allowed each prince to determine which religion was allowed in his domain
Holy Roman Emperor & King of Spain at onset of Reformation/born in 1500
Catholic Church council called by Pope Paul III in order to address Protestant Reformation/lasted on and off from 1545-1563/began the Counter-Reformation
Spanish theologian/1st to correctly describe pulmonary (blood) circulation/condemned by Protestants & Catholics for non-Trinitarian views/burned as a heretic in Geneva
1648 Treaty ending the Thirty Years' War/signed in Osnabrück and Münster
Calendar introduced in 1582 by namesake pope which refined the Julian calendar b/c of relationship between Easter & spring equinox
Ottoman attempt under Suleiman the Magneficent to capture Austrian capital in 1529
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Conquistador who conquered the Aztecs in 1521
1571 battle in which Don Juan of Austria led European (Holy League) forces against Ottoman fleet led by Ali Pasha at Gulf of Corinth
Virgin Queen of England/daughter of Henry VIII/portrayed as Gloriana in Spenser's The Faerie Queen/led during Nine Years War/gave Tilbury Speech/led during Spanish Armada
(1594-1603)/also known as Tyrone's Rebellion/fought by Gaelic Irish chieftans Hugh O'Neill & Hugh Roe O'Donnell against English rule in Ireland/English victory
1517 writing by Martin Luther which he nailed to the church doors in Wittenburg to start the Protestant Reformation
Dominican friar/Grand Inquisitor of Poland/Grand Commisioner ofr indulgences in Germany/sold indulgences to raise funds for St Peter's Basilica in Rome & for Albert of Mainz
Murder of French Huguenots in August, 1572 instigated by Catherine de'Medici/occurred after failed assassination of Huguenot leader Admiral Coligny & marriage of Henry of Navarre
French reformer based in Geneva, Switzerland/author of Institutes of the Christian Religion
(1562-98)/period of infighting between houses of Bourbon & Guise from the Massacre of Vassy until the Edict of Nantes/
First Bourbon monarch of France/raised as a Protestant/nearly assassinated in St Bart.'s Day massacre/became Catholic to take the throne/gave Edict of Nantes/murdered by Ravaillac
1568-1648/also known as Dutch War of Independence/revolt of the Seventeen Provinces against Philip II of Spain/Dutch victory & settlement coincided with Peace of Westphalia
Spaniard who led first circumnavigation of the globe from 1520-22/killed in Philippines
Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533-1547 & Tsar of All the Russias from 1547-1584/killed son Ivan-led to Time of Troubles/founded Russia's 1st Print Yard/Massacre of Novgorod
130 ship fleet that sailed from A Coruña under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia to escort Spanish army from Flanders to invade England/sent by Philip II of Spain in 1588

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