History Quiz / HCHS/HCMS Classical Architecture 1

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Do you know the terms from Classical architecture?

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Topmost member of a column (or a pilaster)/mediates between the column and the load thrusting down upon it, broadening the area of the column's supporting surface
Wide central section part of an entablature (may be plain in Ionic or Doric order) or decorated with bas-relief/part of an entablature between the architrave and the cornice
Central space or square in ancient Greek city-states/centre of athletic, artistic, spiritual and political life of the city/literally means 'gathering place' or 'assembly'
Spiral, scroll-like ornament that forms the basis of the Ionic order, found in the capital of the Ionic column
Settlement, especially a citadel, built upon an area of elevated ground—frequently a hill with precipitous sides, chosen for purposes of defense/often became nuclei of large city
Rectangular recessed spaces between the triglyphs on a Doric frieze
Classical column w/slender fluted pillars w/large base & 2 opposed volutes in echinus of capital/24 flutes
Triangular upper part of the front of a building in classical style, typically surmounting a portico of columns
Top step of the crepidoma, the stepped platform on which colonnades of temple columns are placed
Major horizontal structural element supporting the roof and encircling the entire building/composed of architrave, frieze, & cornice (from bottom to top)
Vertically channeled tablets of Doric frieze/have angular channels or grooves (2 perfect & 1 divided)/looks like 3 flat vertical bands cut into face of block
Most ornate type of column/slender fluting w/elaborate capitals decorated with acanthus leaves and scrolls/last developed of 3 principle classical orders
Story or low wall above the cornice of a classical façade
Topmost element of the entablature directly above the frieze/ornamental molding around the wall of a room just below the ceiling
Large open space located within a building/widely used in Ancient Roman dwellings, providing light and ventilation to the interior
Shallow grooves running vertically along a surface, especially on a column shaft
Lintel or beam that rests on the capitals of the columns/also called an epistyle
Sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support taking the place of a column or a pillar supporting an entablature on her head
Succession of arches, each counter-thrusting the next, supported by columns, piers, or a covered walkway enclosed by a line of such arches on one or both sides
Most squat of 3 classic columns/stood directly on pavement w/out a base/20 flutes/smooth capital flared to square abacus at architrave/alternating triglyphs & metopes

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