History Quiz / HCHS/HCMS Classical Architecture 1

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Do you know the terms from Classical architecture?

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Triangular upper part of the front of a building in classical style, typically surmounting a portico of columns
Large open space located within a building/widely used in Ancient Roman dwellings, providing light and ventilation to the interior
Central space or square in ancient Greek city-states/centre of athletic, artistic, spiritual and political life of the city/literally means 'gathering place' or 'assembly'
Major horizontal structural element supporting the roof and encircling the entire building/composed of architrave, frieze, & cornice (from bottom to top)
Most squat of 3 classic columns/stood directly on pavement w/out a base/20 flutes/smooth capital flared to square abacus at architrave/alternating triglyphs & metopes
Topmost member of a column (or a pilaster)/mediates between the column and the load thrusting down upon it, broadening the area of the column's supporting surface
Classical column w/slender fluted pillars w/large base & 2 opposed volutes in echinus of capital/24 flutes
Top step of the crepidoma, the stepped platform on which colonnades of temple columns are placed
Spiral, scroll-like ornament that forms the basis of the Ionic order, found in the capital of the Ionic column
Sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support taking the place of a column or a pillar supporting an entablature on her head
Lintel or beam that rests on the capitals of the columns/also called an epistyle
Vertically channeled tablets of Doric frieze/have angular channels or grooves (2 perfect & 1 divided)/looks like 3 flat vertical bands cut into face of block
Succession of arches, each counter-thrusting the next, supported by columns, piers, or a covered walkway enclosed by a line of such arches on one or both sides
Story or low wall above the cornice of a classical façade
Rectangular recessed spaces between the triglyphs on a Doric frieze
Topmost element of the entablature directly above the frieze/ornamental molding around the wall of a room just below the ceiling
Most ornate type of column/slender fluting w/elaborate capitals decorated with acanthus leaves and scrolls/last developed of 3 principle classical orders
Settlement, especially a citadel, built upon an area of elevated ground—frequently a hill with precipitous sides, chosen for purposes of defense/often became nuclei of large city
Shallow grooves running vertically along a surface, especially on a column shaft
Wide central section part of an entablature (may be plain in Ionic or Doric order) or decorated with bas-relief/part of an entablature between the architrave and the cornice

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