History Quiz / HCHS Cold War History (Europe)

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Can you answer the questions about Cold War people & events in Europe?

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DescriptionAnswerYears
Investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. It was originally created in 1938 to uncover citizens with Nazi ties within the United States.
Female doctor & politician/president of People's Chamber of East Germany from April-Oct 1990/acting head of state until reunification of Germany1946-present
Reform attempt by Dubcek in Czechoslovakia/ended censorship, independent farm co-ops/crushed by Brezhnev & Soviet tanksBegan April,1968
Czech writer & political activist/last pres of Czechoslovakia/1st pres of Czech Republic/The Garden Party/The Memorandum/helped found Charter 77/Civic Forum party1936-2011
Confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union over Jupiter Missles deployed in Turkey and Italy. Soviets made an agreement with Castro to put missles in Cuba. October 16-28, 1962
French word meaning release from tension is the name given to a period of improved relations between the United States and the Soviet Union that began in 1971.
Accused of being a communist and Soviet Spy by HUAC in 1948. Whittaker Chambers testified in front of HUAC saying that he was a communist, but not a spy. Hid plans in a pumpkin.
CIA U-2 spyplane pilot shot down over Sverdlovsk, USSR (May 1, 1960)/traded along w/Frederic Pryor for KGB Col Wilyam Fisher (Rudolf Abel) (2 Feb 1962)1929-1977
East German secret police
Polish trade union based at Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk/1st union not controlled by Communist party/led by Lech Walesa/included 1/3 of working age population by 19811980-present
Namesake political doctrine which affirmed right of Soviet Union to intervene in affairs of Communist countries to strengthen & protect Communism/response to Prague SpringNovember, 1968
Collective defense agreement between USSR & Eastern Bloc nations/created as response to West Germany joining NATO in 19551955-1991
West German Chancellor at fall of Berlin Wall1930-present
Barrier constructed beginning August 13, 1961 that cut off West Berlin from the rest of East Germany/actual demolition began in 19901961-1989
Soviet intelligence officer Vilyam Fisher/part of KGB spy ring in NYC/Hollow Nickel Case/arrested by FBI in 1957 (30-yr prison term)/traded for Gary Powers in 19621903-1971
Prohibited the testing of nuclear weapons in outer space, underwater or in the atmosphere. Signed by US Secretary of State Dean Rusk, Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko.August 5, 1963
Motivated by the arrest of members of the band Plastic People of the Universe, it was prepared in 1976. Criticized government on human rights issues. Vaclav Havel was member.
1st Communist leader of Romania (1947-65)/railway worker & activist/supported by Stalin/forced collectivization of land/purged party leaders (rivals)1901-1965
East German General Secretary & leader of Socialist Unity Party from 1971 until just before fall of Berlin Wall1912-1994
First Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party 1950 to 1971, he was From President Wilhelm Pieck's death in 1960, he was also the East German head of state until his death in 1973.
DescriptionAnswerYears
Communist Yugoslav leader/led Partisans in WW2 (most effective resistance movement in Europe)/leader of Non-Aligned Movement/broke from Soviets/ruled from 1943-801892-1980
Talks began in Helsinki in 1969. Limited the number of ICBMs a counrty could posess. Also limited the number of Nuclear subs NATO could have. Signed by Nixon and Brezhnev.Signed on May 26, 1972
Slovak leader of Czechoslovakia/attempted reform in Prague Spring (1968)/expelled from Comm. Party (1970)/banished to work in timber yard in Bratislava/returned to power in 19891921-1992
Czech Rock Band in Prague. Members were non-conformists to the communist regime. Founded by Bassist Milan Hlavsa in 1968. Forced underground by communist regime.
Nationwide revolt against Soviet controlled Hungarian People's Republic/begun by student demonstration/flag with hole in it was symbol/crushed by USSR invasion of BudapestOct-Nov, 1956
Last Communist leader of East Germany/succeeded Erich Honecker as General Secretary/forced to resign within months1937-present
Ronald Reagan's proposed laser defense system, never implemented.
Treaty Between US and USSR largest arms control and reduction treaty in history. Signed by Bush and Gorbachev.Signed on July 31, 1991
From 1972 to 1979, continuation of previous talks, and was first treaty to realistically limit the number of arms that each country could posess. Signed by Carter and Brezhnev.Signed on June 18, 1979
1st official forum of the international communist movement since the dissolution of the Comintern/dominated by Soviets1947-1956
Best known Berlin Wall crossing during Cold War/now tourist attraction in Allied Museum in Dahlem neighborhood of Berlin
Communist leader of Romania from 1965-89/brutal rule w/Securitate (secret police)/rigid Stalinist/govt collapsed after army refused to fire on protestors/executed by firing squad1918-1989
Polish leader of Solidarity union (1st independent union in Soviet Bloc)/pres of Poland (1990-95)/1983 Nobel Peace Prize/famous moustache/electrician at Lenin Shipyard (Gdansk)1943-present
Hungarian Communist leader who ruled for 2 terms/2nd term ended w/Soviet invasion after failed 1956 Hungarian Revolution/executed for treason in 1958
Signed by Obama and President Medvedev to preserve the preexisting treaty.Signed on April 8, 2010
Precipitated by Soviet demand that Western powers withdraw all troops from West Berlin/led to construction of Berlin WallJune-Nov, 1961
Non-violent transition of power from Communism to parliamentary republic in Czechoslovakia/begun by student protests & 2 hr general strike involving all citizensNov-Dec, 1989
Precipitated by Soviet blockade of German capital/USA (Operation Vittles) & UK (Operation Plainfare) airlifted food & fuel for 11 months until Soviets lifted blockade1948-1949
Senator from Wisconsin and started second Red Scare. Joseph Nye asked him 'At long last, have you left no sense of decency?'
Serbian Yugoslav leader/studied law at Belgrade U/became Communist there/called Butcher of the Balkans/tried by International Court of Justice/died in prison1941-2006

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