Science Quiz / HCHS Chemical Bonds

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Can you name the types of chemical bonds?

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DescriptionTerm
Weakest intermolecular force/temporary attractive force that results when the electrons in two adjacent atoms occupy positions that make the atoms form temporary dipoles
Covalent bond that joins a carbohydrate to another group which may or may not be another carb/has S-, C-, N-, & O-types/α- & β- types are based on stereochemistry
Bond generally between metals & non-metals where electrons are transferred from the metal (cation) to the non-metal (anion)/electronegativity difference is greater than 1.7
Collective name for non-polar intermolecular forces/allows geckos to climb walls
Forms links between nucleic acids/make up backbone of strands of DNA/exactly 2 of the hydroxyl groups in H3PO4 react w/hydroxyl groups on other molecules to form 2 ester bonds
Covalent bond where 2 lobes of one involved orbital overlap 2 lobes of the other involved orbital/does not allow for rotation
covalent bond between 2 amino acid molecules
Concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory/for explaining molecular geometry
DescriptionTerm
Covalent bond between atoms w/different electronegativities/electrons spend more time around atom w/higher electronegativity/electronegativity difference between 0.4 & 1.7
Strongest type of covalent bond/formed by head-on overlapping between orbitals/alone it allows for rotation
Attractive force between positive end of 1 polar molecule & neg end of another/weaker than ionic or covalent/must be close together/occur between molecules w/permanent polarity
Carbon double bond requires one of each of these bonds
Formed by atoms with similar electronegativity/generally non-metals/atoms share electrons/electronegativity difference is 0.4 or less
Arises from electrostatic attractive force between conduction electrons & positively charged metal ions/sharing of free electrons in a lattice of positively charged ions
Strongest intermolecular bond/dipole-dipole bond/can occur between molecules or within molecule/causes high boiling point of water/occurs w/highly electronegative atom bonded to H
Model used in chemistry to predict the geometry of individual molecules from the number of electron pairs surrounding their central atoms

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