Religion Quiz / HCHS Catholicism

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Can you name the answer the following questions relating to Catholocism?

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Made Vatican City an independent country within Italy/ended 'Roman Question'/between Mussolini & Pope Pius XI (1929)
Senior ecclesiastical leader, formerly considered eccl. prince/usually a bishop/together they make up the College of __?__ who elect the Pope
Instituted by Jesus at the Last Supper/also called Holy Communion, the Lord's Supper
Sacrament or rite of ordination as a member of the Christian clergy, especially in the grades of bishop, priest, or deacon
Named after the lead seal that was appended to the end/particular type of letters patent or charter issued by a Pope/refers to himself as 'Bishop, Servant of the Servants of God'
Holiday commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his death at Calvary
Central act of divine worship in the Catholic Church
With the full authority of office (especially of the pope's infallibility as defined in Roman Catholic doctrine)
Central tradition of Western plainchant/monophonic unaccompanied song w/12 modes/named for Pope Gregory I
Now honorific title for Archbishops often found only in older Catholic countries/chief bishop or archbishop of a province
Ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome/independent sovereign entity that serves as the episcopal see of the Pope/traces its origin to 1st century
Apostle of Jesus through whom the Catholic Church traces the succession of Popes through their post as the Bishop of Rome
Solemn observance that begins on Ash Wednesday and ends approximately six weeks later, before Easter Sunday/purpose is to prepare believers for Holy Week/many fast at this time
Form of prayer used especially in the Catholic Church named for the string of prayer beads used to count the component prayers
Born Giovanni Bernardone (1181-1226)/founded men's Order of Friars Minor, women’s Order of St Clare, and the Custody of the Holy Land/went to Egypt to convert Sultan & end Crusad
Feast that commemorates the bodily Ascension of Jesus into heaven
Order of Preachers/founded in France in 1216 by Spanish monk/also called Black Friars in England b/c of black cloak worn
Jewish feast celebrated by Christians commemorating the Holy Spirit falling on disciples & the birth of the church/called Whitsunday in UK/falls 10 days after Ascension Thursday
Bishop of Rome and leader of the worldwide Catholic Church/resides in Vatican City/post currently held by Francis
Uninterrupted transmission of spiritual authority from the Apostles through successive popes and bishops, taught by the Roman Catholic Church but denied by most Protestants
Also called All Hallow Day/ festival celebrated on November 1st in honor of all saints, known and unknown
Administrative apparatus of the Holy See and the central body through which the Roman Pontiff conducts the affairs of the universal Catholic Church
Albanian nun born Anjezë Bojaxhiu/founded Missionaries of Charity (1950)/worked in Ireland & India (especially Calcutta)/very pro-life
Named used in some countries for Shrove Tuesday
Permanent diplomatic representative of pope to the European Union or ASEAN
Man behind the story of Santa Claus/4th century bishop of Myra (in Turkey)/inherited wealth when parents died when he was young/known for miracles thru intercession & secret gifts
7-letter term tha is another name for the Pope
Doctrine that God preserved the Virgin Mary from the taint of original sin from the moment she was conceived
Catholic minister who oversees a diocese/6 tassels on each side of hat
Also Society of Jesus/order founded by Ignatius of Loyola/principal agent of Counter-Reformation/educational, missionary, & charitable works/'soldiers of God'/Pope Francis is one
Festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead
Catholic minister who oversees an archdiocese/10 tassels on each side of hat
Change of substance (in Catholic theology) by which the bread & wine offered in the Eucharist during the Mass become, in reality, the body & blood of Jesus
Day preceding Ash Wednesday in which believers feast before fasting associated w/Lent/celebrated in some countries by eating pancakes/also called Mardi Gras (Fat Tuesday)
Founded in 529/known as Black Monks/required to observe the rule of namesake saint/each community maintains its own autonomy
Day of fasting & first day of Lent/46 days before Easter/ashes from previous year's Palm Sunday are blessed & placed on heads of believers usually in shape of cross
Coat of arms contains Tau cross w/2 crossed arms/also has orders w/in Anglican & Lutheran churches/also called Seraphic Order/founded in 1209 by St Francis of Assisi
Assembly of cardinals for the election of a pope
Catholic prayer to Mary the mother of Jesus
Holy day falling on the Thursday before Easter commemorating Jesus' Last Supper w/the 12 Apostles
Prayer Jesus taught to his disciples in Matthew & Luke's Gospels/called an Our Father in Catholic tradition
Feast that falls on the Sunday before Easter/commemorates Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem the week before he was crucified/named for branches laid on ground by disciples
Annual festival celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ

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