History Quiz / HCHS Byzantine History (Basic)

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Member of Byzantine military aristocracy who became Emperor after marrying widowed Empress Makrembolitissa (1068-71)/defeated by Turks at Battle of Manzikert/overthrown in coup
Roman Emperor who created the Tetrarchy by splitting up the Empire into four parts
Islamic Empire that conquered Byzantines in 1453 with sack of Constantinople/took over large portions of Eastern Europe/turned back at Vienna in 1529 & 1683
Incendiary weapon developed c. 672 and used by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire/would continue burning while floating on water/secret formula has been lost
Main opponent of Byzantine Empire/initially founded about 550BC by Achaemenids/lasted until Sasnians were conquered by Arab Muslims in 651 AD
Regional leader of Orthodox Church/1st among equals is in Constantinople/other Ancient ones include Alexandria, Antioch, & Jerusalem
505-565/top general of Justinian/defeated Vandals in N Africa, Ostrogoths in Italy, Persians in Syria/removed by Justinian in 548
Last Roman Emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire (379-395)/made Christianity state religion of Empire
Brothers who were Byzantine missionaries to Slavs/devised Glagolitic alphabet/venerated as saints in both Orthodox & Catholic Churches/current Slavic alphabet named for 1 of them
500-560/scholar & historian who accompanied Belisarius/Wars of Justinian/Buildings of Justinian/Secret History
Now a museum/was world's largest cathedral for over 1000 years/later turned into a Mosque/literally 'Holy Wisdom'/designed by Isidore of Miletus & Anthemius of Tralles
Set of trade routes from China to the Mediterranean/Emperor Justinian sent Christian Nestorian monks to China to steal silkworm eggs/led to silk production in Byzantine Empire
New system instituted by Roman Emperor Diocletian in 293, marking the end of the Crisis of the Third Century and the recovery of the Roman Empire
Branch of the Oghuz Turks/ruled parts of Central Asia & Middle East from 11th-14th centuries/defeated Diogenes at Manzikert/conquered by Mongols/attacked by Crusaders
Ancient board game described in an epigram by Byzantine Emperor Zeno (476-481)/still played today
City sacked by crusaders in Fourth Crusade in 1204/sacked by Turks in 1453/on Sea of Marmara, Bosporus, & Golden Horn/capital of Byzantine, Latin, & Ottoman Empires/
Manual of war traditionally regarded as written in the late 6th century and usually attributed to Byzantine Emperor Maurice
Collection of fundamental works in jurisprudence, issued from 529 to 534 by order of namesake Emperor/directed by Tribonian/3 parts: Code, Digest (or Pandects), & Institutes
1202-04 Crusade in which Constantinople was sacked by the Crusaders on their way to Jerusalem/established 'Latin Empire' (1204-61) & Crusader states in Balkans
Offical church of Byzantine Empire/'autocephalous' regions are led by a Patriarch/authority lies in scriptures as interpreted by 7 ecumenial councils of the Church
Ottoman sultan who conquered Constantinople at the age of 21 in 1453
Federation of Slavic tribes north of Byzantine Empire established in 882/adopted Christianity under Byzantine influence/lasted until Mongol invasion in 1240's
527-585/known as 'The Great'/sought to reconquer western half of Roman Empire/rewriting of Roman law (Corpus Juris Civilis)/building projects including Hagia Sophia/plague outbreak
Empress of the Byzantine Empire (527-548) and the wife of Emperor Justinian/very influential/was made a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church
1071 battle in which the Seljuq Turks defeated Byzantine Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes/led to mass influx of Turks into Anatolia/Diogenes was captured & ransomed

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