Music Quiz / HCHS African-American Musical Styles

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Can you name the African-American styles of music by description?

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DescriptionStyleArtists
Style of jazz characterized by a fast tempo, instrumental virtuosity, & improvisation based on combination of harmonic structure & references to melody/developed in mid-1940'sCharlie Parker/Dizzy Gillespie/Thelonius Monk/Miles Davis/Max Roach/Bud Powell
Popular dance music begun in late 1940's & early 50's that combined black gospel, jazz, boogie-woogie, & R&B with white country music/coined by Cleveland DJ Alan FreedEarly artists...Elvis Presley/Fats Domino/Jerry Lee Lewis/Little Richard/Johnny Cash/Buddy Holly
Spontaneous verbal non-verbal interaction between speaker & listener/all statements are punctuated by expressions from listener/roots in African culture/expressed in musical forms
Popular style between 1895-1918/syncopated rhythm/began as dance music in red-light districts of African-American communities in St. Louis & New Orleans/Ernest Hogan coined nameScott Joplin/Jelly Roll Morton/Eubie Blake/Fats Waller/Wilbur Sweatman
Characterized by improvisation, syncopation, & usually a regular or forceful rhythm/emerged in early 20th century/typically brass, woodwind, & piano but others tooLouis Armstrong/Miles Davis/Duke Ellington/John Coltrane/Dizzy Gillespie/Charlie Parker/Thelonius Monk
1st black-owned US record company founded in 1959 by Berry Gordy in Detroit/incredibly influentialThe Supremes/The Temptations/Stevie Wonder/Michael Jackson/The Jackson Five/Marvin Gaye/Gladys Knight and the Pips
Style w/lilting rhythm & emphasis on off-beat/strong rhythm section of couble bass & drums w/lead section of brass, woodwinds, and sometimes stringsBenny Goodman/Duke Ellington/Count Basie/Glen Miller/Louis Armstrong
Musical form originated in African-American communities in 'Deep South' in late 1800's/call-and-response pattern & namesake 12-bar chord progressionBB King/Muddy Waters/Howlin' Wolf/Eric Clapton/Bessie Smith/Ray Charles/Blind Willie Johnson
Developed by DJ's & urban blacks in late 1970s/insistent, recurring beat pattern as background & counterpoint for rapid, slangy, rhyming spoken lyricsRun DMC/Whodini/Grandmaster Flash/Eminem/Dr Dre/LL Cool J
Ballroom dance style introduced by Cab Calloway in 1930's/lively & uninhibited version of Jitterbug/5th of the 5 International Latin dances (adopted in 1968)
DescriptionStyleArtists
Music of US black & Hispanic origin (1970's) at block parties/feature rap w/electronic backing/early forms included MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching/break dancing & graffiti writingEarly artists...DJ Kook Herc/Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five/The Fat Boys/The Sugarhill Gang
Immediate precursor of rock and roll/arose in 1940's from blues with addition of driving jazz rhythms/meaning changed over timeEarly artists...Harlem Hamfats/Lonnie Johnson/Leroy Carr/Cab Calloway/Count Basie/T-Bone Walker
Electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan during the mid-to-late 1980s/Kraftwerk/Giorgio Moroder/Yellow Magic Orchestra
Originated in the mid- to late 1960s when African American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and bluesParliament-Funkadelic/George Clinton/Prince/James Brown/Sly & the Family Stone/Tower of Power
Originated during slavery w/creation of the spiritual (jubilee & sorrow styles)/20th century form merged blues & boogie-woogie w/jazz instruments in the churchThomas Dorsey/Sallie Martin/Willie Mae Ford Smith/Arizona Dranes/Roberta Martin
Percussive style of playing blues on piano/steady rhythmic ground bass of 8th notes in quadruple time/series of improvised melodic variations/developed in 1870's/popular in 1920'sAlbert Ammons/Pete Johnson/Meade Lux Lewis/Jimmy Yancey/Pinetop Perkins
Music incorporating elements of rhythm and blues and gospel music/emphasis on vocals and an impassioned improvisatory deliveryAretha Franklin/Marvin Gaye/James Brown/Otis Redding
Vocal improvisation with wordless vocables, nonsense syllables or without words at allElla Fitzgerald/Dizzy Gillespie/Scatman Crothers/Slim Gaillard
Vocal percussion primarily involving the art of mimicking drum machines using one's mouth, lips, tongue, and voiceRahzel/Beardyman/Shlomo/Dub FX/Skiller

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