Science Quiz / HCHS Biochemistry 2

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QUIZ: Can you name the terms from biochemistry?

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InformationAnswer
Polymer of amino acids folded and coiled into a specific 3-D structure
Binds with cholesterol/when levels are too high is excreted by liver/does not cause problems
Metabolic pathway that synthesizes a chemical
Series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell in which a principle chemical is modified by the series of reactions
Unfolding or unraveling of a protein
Metabolic pathway that breaks down a chemical
Covalent bond formed when the carboxyl group of one amino acid reacts with amino group from another in a condensation (dehydration) reaction (loses water)
Covalent bond that joins a carbohydrate (sugar) molecule to another group, which may or may not be another carbohydrate
First metabolic pathway discovered in which glucose is phosphorylated by ATP
Metabolic pathway used by all aerobic organisms to generate energy through oxidation of acetate into CO2 & ATP
InformationAnswer
Glucose + Galactose =
Unsaturated fats that behave similarly to saturated fats/pack tightly/have high melting point/very unhealthy for humans/rarely found in nature/increases LDL levels
Scientist who determined amino acid sequence of proteins (especially insulin/won Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice in 1958 & 1980
Main carbon atom in an amino acid/attached to 4 functional groups
Carb w/formula (C6H10O5)n consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of D-glucose units/important component in cell wall of plants, algae, & oomycetes
Monomer containing phosphate, suger, & base
Simplest amino acid/has hydrogen as its side chain
Carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds/most common carbohydrate in human diets
Glycolysis breaks glucose into 2 of this compound which is converted into acetyl-co A, lactate, ethanol, carbs, fatty acids, or alanine depending on the metabolic pathway
Binds with cholesterol/when levels are too high deposits in arteries/causes atherosclerosis

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