Science Quiz / HCHS Biochemistry 2

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Can you name the terms from biochemistry?

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Main carbon atom in an amino acid/attached to 4 functional groups
Carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds/most common carbohydrate in human diets
Metabolic pathway used by all aerobic organisms to generate energy through oxidation of acetate into CO2 & ATP
Covalent bond formed when the carboxyl group of one amino acid reacts with amino group from another in a condensation (dehydration) reaction (loses water)
Glucose + Galactose =
Metabolic pathway that breaks down a chemical
Glycolysis breaks glucose into 2 of this compound which is converted into acetyl-co A, lactate, ethanol, carbs, fatty acids, or alanine depending on the metabolic pathway
Polymer of amino acids folded and coiled into a specific 3-D structure
Binds with cholesterol/when levels are too high deposits in arteries/causes atherosclerosis
Simplest amino acid/has hydrogen as its side chain
Scientist who determined amino acid sequence of proteins (especially insulin/won Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice in 1958 & 1980
Monomer containing phosphate, suger, & base
Metabolic pathway that synthesizes a chemical
Carb w/formula (C6H10O5)n consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of D-glucose units/important component in cell wall of plants, algae, & oomycetes
Binds with cholesterol/when levels are too high is excreted by liver/does not cause problems
Unsaturated fats that behave similarly to saturated fats/pack tightly/have high melting point/very unhealthy for humans/rarely found in nature/increases LDL levels
Series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell in which a principle chemical is modified by the series of reactions
Unfolding or unraveling of a protein
First metabolic pathway discovered in which glucose is phosphorylated by ATP
Covalent bond that joins a carbohydrate (sugar) molecule to another group, which may or may not be another carbohydrate

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