Science Quiz / HCHS Biochemistry 1

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Can you name the terms from biochemistry?

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InformationAnswer
Long molecule with many similar building blocks linked with covalent bonds
16-18 carbon chain with a carboxyl group at one end
Glucose + Glucose =
Organic compound with carbon skeleton with 4 fused cycloalkane rings/lipids w/common ring structure
Simple sugar alcohol compound with 3 hydroxyl (OH) groups
Fat with only single bonds/packed tightly/high melting point/increase LDL levels
Molecules that are both hydrophilic (water-loving) and lipophilic (fat loving)/phospholipids
2 fatty acids + 1 glycerol + 1 phosphate group + other organic molecule/makes up cell membrane/hydrophilic head & hydrophobic tail
Used in cell membrane to maintain structural integrity and fluidity/precursor to steroid synthesis/crucial for signaling
Fat with at least one double bond/cis & trans varieties
InformationAnswer
Carbohydrate molecule composed of long chains of monosaccharides such as starch, glycogen, cellulose, & chitin
Glucose + Fructose =
Macromolecule which serves as energy source/carbon source to build other molecules/encode information such as blood type/polymeric formula/(CH2O)n/always hydrophilic/ring or linear
3 fatty acids on a single glycerol backbone/main form of fat in human body/high levels may indicate increased chance of heart disease
Most structurally sophisticated molecules known/includes most enzymes/constructed from amino acids/formed from 1 or more polypeptides
2 monosaccharides joined by a glycosidic linkage/formed through condensation (dehydration) reaction
Multiple of [CH2O]
Molecules that include fats, waxes, steroids, phospholipids, & fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E, & K)/store energy/are hydrophobic or amphiphilic
Molecules that seem to be repelled by water
Derivative of fatty acids and glycerol

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