History Quiz / HCHS Ancient Greek History (Extreme)

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Can you answer the questions about ancient Greek history?

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InfoAnswer
Type of long spear utilized by the Greeks
Historian who recorded the campaigns of Alexander in Anabasis of Alexander
Final battle between Darius III and Alexander
Treaty which ended the first phase of the Peloponnesian War signed in 421 BC/lasted 6 years
Athenian statesman/'father of Athenian democracy'/reorganized politics from 4 clans into many demes decreasing power of nobility/called reforms 'isonomia'/(570-??? BC)
Successor dynasty of Alexander in Greece & Macedonia
Spartan king who died holding off the Persians at Thermopylae (540-480 BC)
Athenian statesman/attempted to legislate against political, economic, & moral decline/reforms failed but laid foundations for Athenian democracy (638-558 BC)
Athenian general & statesman/served Athens, Sparta, the Persians, then Athens again/very clever general/initally friends w/Socrates/disputes led to fall of Athens in Pelop. War
Athenian statesman during Golden Age/turned Delian League into Athenian empire/fostered democracy/began building on Acropolis including Parthenon (495-429 BC)
Greek ethnographer & explorer (350-290 BC)/author of Indika/ambassador of Seleucus I to India possibly to Chandragupta
Athenian practice of exiling political leaders (for 10 years)/generally when any citizen was thought to have too much power & deemed a danger to the democracy/first used in 487 BC
Fighting formation used by Alexander the Great
Council of citizens appointed to run daily affairs of Athens
Random selection of citizens to fill government positions rather than kinship or heredity/instituted under Cleisthenes
Small kingdom established in Asia Minor after the death of Alexander
Eastern Persian capitol taken by Alexander
Alliance of Greek states established by Phillip II of Macedon in 338 BC/337 BC after the Battle of Chaeronea, to facilitate his use of military forces in his war against Persia
Plato's school
Set of economic sanctions levied upon city of Megara (432 BC) by Athenian Empire/issued by Pericles/strained peace between Athens & Sparta/helped lead to Peloponnesian War
Oath taken by members of the Athenian Boule stating they would 'advise according to the laws' and do 'what was best for the people'
Athenian leader who defeated Persians at Salamis (524-459 BC)
Father of Alexander the Great (382-336 BC)
Meeting place of Athenian council of nobles
Aristotle's school
InfoAnswer
Collective name of Alexander's generals, friends, & heirs who divided up his empire
Historian who compared lives of ancient Greeks vs ancient Romans (i.e. Alexander's the Great vs Julius Caesar) in his work Parallel Lives
Athenian statesman/son of Miltiades/created Athenian maritime empire after 480-479 Persian invasion/won Battle of Eurymedon River (466BC) vs Persia/exiled by Pericles (510-450 BC)
Pass where 300 Spartans held off Persian attackers before being betrayed
490 BC battle responsible for inspiring an Olympic race/Athens vs Persians in 1st Persian invasion of Greece
Suburb of Athens or a subdivision of Attica, the region of Greece surrounding Athens/became basis for political action under Cleisthenes
Ongoing curse upon a a powerful noble family of ancient Athens after Megacles killed Cylon though he took refuge in temple of Athena/basis for Cleisthenes ostracism
Judean revolt against Antiochus IV Epiphanes
Founded in 478 BC/association of Greek city-states numbering between 150-173 under the leadership of Athens to continue fighting the Persians after the Battle of Plataea
480 BC Naval battle in Saronic Gulf near Athens that defeated Xerxes (2nd Persian invasion of Greece)
Largest land battle fought within Greece during Peloponnesian War/complete Spartan victory which saved Sparta from destruction
Successor dynasty of Alexander in Egypt
Successor dynasty of Alexander in Mesopotamia and Persia
First direct encounter of Alexander and Darius III
Servant class of Sparta
338 BC battle in Boeotia, between Philip II of Macedon & an alliance of Greek city-states including Athens &Thebes/decisive victory for Phillip ended Greek resistance
Regime set up in Athens by Sparta at the end of the Peloponnesian War which suspended democracy/overthrown 6 years later (in 403 BC) when democracy was restored by Thrasybulus
King of Sparta during the first phase of the Peloponnesian War/attempted to avoid the war but was overruled by Spartan war party
General responsible for defeating the Persians at Marathon
Role reversal of Thermopylae in Alexander's invasion of Persia
Popular courts in which citizens argued cases before a group of lottery-selected jurors/created by Cleisthenes
Bronze Age Cretan civilization (2600-1400 BC)/believed to have collapsed after eruption of Thera (volcano)
War between Sparta and Athens (431-404 BC)/broken into 3 phases: Archidamian War, the Sicilian War, and the Ionian (or Decelean) War
Greek sculptor who created the Statue of Zeus at Olympia

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