Miscellaneous Quiz / General Anesthetics

Random Miscellaneous or Nintendo Quiz

QUIZ: Can you name the General Anesthetics?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Score 0/85 Timer 20:00
Drug Use: Induction, used in combo to reduce dose of other, not used alone
Drug Use: Standard induction agent: CV depression; avoid in porphyrias
Halothane class
Drugs enhancing NM blockade
Drug SE: Emergence phenomena (disorientation, sensory & perceptual illusions, & vivid dreams -- Diazepam reduces symptoms).
Drug CV effects: Minimal, good choice for CV surgeries and those w/ hypotension and MI risk
May induce mild sizure activity (muscle twitching -- prob harmless)
Methohexital class
Drug P-kinetics: Slow onset & recovery; naloxone reversal available
Lorazepam class
Drug P-kinetics: Slow onset & recovery
Methoxyflurane class
Sufentanil class
Sevoflurane class
Thiamylal class
Drug P-kinetics: Rapid onset & recovery
Drug Uses: Used in induction & for maintenance: antiemetic properties, 'day surgery'. Sedation in critical care setting. Not for peds
Drug SE: Hypotension, apnea & pain at site of injection, muscle mvmt expensive (bacterial infections). Acidosis in children
Drug SE: Amnesia, hypoxia. Prolonged exposure --> megaloblastic anemia (OR staff)
Drug MOA: May involve inhibition of NMDA glutamic acid receptors. Produces dissociative anesthetic: catatonia, amnesia, profound analgesia w/o LOC
Class Resp effects: Decrease tidal vol, increase rate, decrease in minute ventilation, resp depressant (reduce responses to CO2 & hypoxia), pooling of mucus --> atelectasis & resp
Drugs Resp effects: depressant
Drug CV effects: Decrease in systemic BP, negative inotropic effects
Drug P-kinetics: Medium rate of onset & recovery, medium solubility
Drugs P-kinetics: Medium rate of onset & recovery, medium solubility
Drug Resp effects: less respiratory effects
Drug Use: Induction or maintenance. . Used in pediatric and outpatient anesthesia
Drug uses: Dissociative anesthesia, induction agent in children undergoing short, painful procedures, high-risk geriatric patients, & patients in CV shock. Outpatients & pts w/ ast
Drug P-kinetics: Incomplete anesthetic; rapid onset & recovery
Class Kidney and Liver effects:decreased blood flow
Tubocurarine class
Fentanyl class
Drug Brain effects: may cause burst suppression on EEG
Drug Resp effects: Slight decrease in RR
Isoflurane class
Drug SE: Similar to halothane less hepatotoxicity more renal toxicity (polyuric renal insufficiency)
Nitrous Oxide class
Diazepam class
Drugs P-kinetics: Slow onset, plateau & slow recovery, flumazenil reversal available. Only midazolam is H2O-soluble, become lipid soluble at physiologic pH. Midazolam: faster onset
Thiopental class
Drug P-kinetics: Low volatility; poor induction agent ; rapid recovery
Class Brain effects: Decrease metabolic rate; decrease cerebral resistance --> increased blood flow = not good choice for neurosurgery esp when ICP is elevated.
Drug Uses: CV stability; decreased steroidogenesis. Induction when prolonged infusion is NOT required
Drugs Brain effects: Decrease in metabolism, O2 utilization, and cerebral blood flow. (No increase in ICP - better in pts w/ cerbral swelling)
Class Uterine Smooth Muscle Effects: potent uterine muscle relaxants. Useful for fetal manipulation during delivery
Drug P-kinetics: Highly lipophilic. Moderately rapid onset and recovery
Ketamine class
Drug CV effects: Similar to halothane (less effect on rate). Decrease in vascular resistance
Drug CV effects: CV stimulation via excitation of central sympathetic nerves, possibly inhibiting NE reuptake.
Drug CV effects: Decreases in MAP, bradycardia, increase RAP (depressed cardiac function)
Midazolam class
Alfentanil class
Drugs SE: Anterograde amnesia in >50%.
Propofol class
Drug Use: Induction or maintenance. Used for pediatric anesthesia.
Drug CV effects: Similar to halothane
Drug SE: Involuntary muscle mvmts, monoclonus (no EEG signs), n/v, pain at inj site, adrenocortical suppression, prolonged use may cause hypotension, e- imbalance, & oliguria
Drug CV effects: Produces sympathetic discharge, may balance negative effects of other inhalants when used in common
Drug SE: Hepatotoxicity (fatal fulminant hepatic cirrhosis). Generation of flouride ions during metabolism may be nephrotoxic, Malignant hyperthermia (reversal is Dantrolene IV whi
Drug Use: Induction or Maintenance
Drugs SE: Similar to halothane less hepatotoxicity
Drug CV effects: Similar to isoflurane: transient tachycardia do to sympathetic discharge, decrease vascular resistance
Drug CV effects: Similar to desflurance
Class MOA: Increase the threshold of firing. Depress both axonal & synaptic transmission. Depresses spontaneous & evoked activity of neurons either by the Meyer-Overton hypothesis
Drug CV effects: Similar to halothane except (less HR effects, decrease CO)
Drugs Other effects: May exacerbate porphria by inducing synthesis of ALA synthase
Desflurane class
Drugs MOA: Unclear (probably GABA-A channel effects)
Drug Use: Maintenance
Drugs P-kinetics: 'Rapid onset and short duration (rapid recovery). Primarily metabolized in liver. '
Morphine class
Ethomidate class
Drug Resp effects: minimal
Drug P-kinetics: Rapid onset & rapid recovery (faster than barbituates). Rapidly metabolized in the liver + extrahepatic degradation = advantagous in liver dz
Enflurane class
Remifentanil class
Drug Use: Induction or maintenance. Used in short applications only b/c of nephrotoxicity (OB-GYN)
Atropine class
Drug MOA: unknown, probably similar to fluranes
Drugs use: Used in balanced anesthesia (anesthesia premedication) & conscious sedation; CV stability; marked amnesia
Drug uses: Used in balanced anesthesia, short procedure induction (remifentanil and alfentinil), conscious sedation & spinal epidural; neuroleptic anesthesia (fentanyl, NO, and dro
Drug Brain effects: Increases cerebral blood flow, O2 consumption, & ICP. DO NOT use in pts w/ increased ICP
Drugs CV effects: Myocardial depressant = decreased SV, CO, & BP
Succinylcholine class
Drug P-kinetics: Rapid onset & moderately fast recovery. NO analgesic effects - opiods required. Degraded in liver and plasma

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments


Top Quizzes Today

Score Distribution

Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.