Science Quiz / Physiology part A

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Can you name the Physiology part A?

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Supine to standing causes CO to
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
pH 7.5
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Protein binding intracellular iron
pH 7.35
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Submersion in water increases skin
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Duodenal iron transporter
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Conn's syndrome
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Precursor of NO
Hormone regulation plasma iron
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Local inflammation leads to increased
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Exposing skin to moving air increases
2 PTH targets,
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Long term effects of aldosterone
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Short term effects of aldosterone
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
HPA stands for
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Main stimulus for NO production
pH 7.3
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
pH 7.45
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
ECG after 130% K+ would show
3 Calcitonin targets,
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
pH 6.9
ADH is released into the blood from the
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Amiloride directly blocks
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Protein binding iron in plasma
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to

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