Science Quiz / Physiology part A

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Can you name the Physiology part A?

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Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Amiloride directly blocks
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
pH 7.3
pH 7.45
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
pH 6.9
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Main stimulus for NO production
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Local inflammation leads to increased
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Duodenal iron transporter
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
3 Calcitonin targets,
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Protein binding intracellular iron
Long term effects of aldosterone
Protein binding iron in plasma
ADH is released into the blood from the
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
pH 7.35
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Conn's syndrome
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
ECG after 130% K+ would show
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Short term effects of aldosterone
Supine to standing causes CO to
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
2 PTH targets,
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Precursor of NO
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
HPA stands for
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
pH 7.5
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Submersion in water increases skin
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)

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