Science Quiz / Physiology part A

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Can you name the Physiology part A?

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Local inflammation leads to increased
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Protein binding intracellular iron
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Amiloride directly blocks
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Supine to standing causes CO to
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
pH 7.3
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Long term effects of aldosterone
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
pH 7.45
Submersion in water increases skin
ECG after 130% K+ would show
pH 7.35
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
3 Calcitonin targets,
HPA stands for
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Duodenal iron transporter
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Conn's syndrome
pH 6.9
2 PTH targets,
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Precursor of NO
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Short term effects of aldosterone
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
pH 7.5
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
ADH is released into the blood from the
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Protein binding iron in plasma
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Main stimulus for NO production
Type of pH disturbance: COPD

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