Physiology part A

Can you name the Physiology part A?

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Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Protein binding iron in plasma
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Long term effects of aldosterone
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Duodenal iron transporter
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Supine to standing causes CO to
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Short term effects of aldosterone
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Conn's syndrome
2 PTH targets,
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Amiloride directly blocks
Local inflammation leads to increased
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Submersion in water increases skin
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Protein binding intracellular iron
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Precursor of NO
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
ECG after 130% K+ would show
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
pH 6.9
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Exposing skin to moving air increases
pH 7.35
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
3 Calcitonin targets,
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
pH 7.45
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
pH 7.5
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
pH 7.3
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Main stimulus for NO production
HPA stands for
ADH is released into the blood from the
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Endothelin 1 is raised in

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