More pathology part A

Can you name the More pathology part A?

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A tumour that affects retinal cells in children, bilateral, can have genetic component
Toll like receptor 4 recognises:
Apart from Tb, which other disease leads to coughing up blood?simple name
Which cell population produces IL-4
Whip like protein essential for locomotion.
Cancer terminology:Can grow in suspension, independent of serum, becoming immortal
Which dye stains amyloid?
Site at which most CD4 T cells enter lymph node
Which blood type can a group O individual receive?
Which receptor forms part of the TCR essential for antigen recognition?
Baltimore classification: Hep BNumeral then name of group
Which immunoglobulin is commonly found as a pentamer?Shorthand
MHC-II is found in which 4 cells?, suffix cells
First class of antibody to be secreted:
Which gene encodes HIV's reverse transcriptase?
Enzymes that determine blood groupPlural, no spaces
Evasion of host defence: Using protein A to bind the Fc portion of IgG, no c3b produced
2 most likely sites of colon cancer metastasis,
Gram-ve diplococcus found on oropharyngeal membranes grows with adjacent sides flattened?
Virus linked to Burkitt's lymphoma
Phospholipid responsible for LPS toxicity
Cancer terminology: Requires EMT, breaks away and becomes systemic
2 main components of a venous thrombosis:
Environmental cause of malignant melanoma?shorthand
Polymer of n-acetylmuramic acid & n-acetylglucosamine linked by short pepties
Lipid found in high concentrations in the wall of acid fast bacteria
CD21 is a marker for:
4 proteins that protect against complement:
Cancer terminology: Varied cell shape, size, staining and nuclei
Which complement component polymerises to make pores in cell membranes?
Aids is defined as a CD4 count below ?ul/L
Gram positive obligate anaerobe that can form spores and produce neurotoxin leading to spastic paralysis
Gram positive coccus growing in long chains, producing beta haemolysis, often the cause of pharyngitis
Evasion of host defence: Survives in macrophages by preventing phagosome fusion with lysosome
Baltimore classification: HIVNumeral then name of group
3 contributions to bladder cancer risk:
Cancer terminology: Reduced adhesion of other cells in tumour, collagenase secretion, breaking through basement membrane
Evasion of host defence: Bacteria that hides in neurons that have low levels of MHC expression
Polymer of glycerol/inositol phosphate found in gram positive cell walls
Group A blood type has an extra molecule of which sugar?use -
Transmission of rabies:
Measles vaccine:
Cause of candidiasis?
What is a common consequence of DVT?
Group of antibiotics that binds to the D-Ala-D-Ala site and inhibits peptidoglycan crosslinking, but is not degraded by beta lactamase?
Cancer terminology: De-differentiation
Cystitis caused by E. coli- transmission:
Gram-, doesn't ferment lactose, H2S, no animal reservoir, may establish chronic carrier state:
Gram-, grows on MacConkey's, fements lactose, ferments indole?
2 categories of antibiotic that bind the 30s ribosome:
What do the influenza drugs amantadine and rimantadine block?
Gram-, grows on MacConkey's, fements lactose, can't ferment indole?From soil, nitrogen fermenter
Malignant tumour of melanocytes
Disease caused by virus that enters the cell, shuts down host protein synthesis, positive single stranded rna genome
Which enzyme degrades fibrin in the clotting cascade?
Staphylococcal gastro-enteritis- transmission
Cytokine that activates endothelium, lymphocytes, local effector cells, and causes fever when systemic.shorthand
Which deletion on 22q.11.2 causes no antibody or cell mediated response, no graft rejection, hypersensitivity
What type are pre-existing blood group antibodies?
Most likely sites of metastasis for gastric tumour:x3
Baltimore classification: EBVNumeral then name of group
Which antibody class makes up the majority of immunoglobulin in plasma?
In which 2 human cells does Plasmodium replicate?proper names
Most likely sites of metastasis for non small cell lung tumour:x4
Gram negative rod, grows on MacConkeys agar, doesn't ferment lactose, is a major cause of dysentry and has no animal reservoir
Agammaglobulinaemia is a deficiency of what enzyme and which product?
Gram positive rod producing a neurotoxin that blocks the release of inhibitory mediators at spinal synapses
Outer membrane protein regulating access of small molecules to bacteria
Macrolide antibiotic that binds the 50s ribosomal subunit?
Most likely sites of metastasis for pancreatic tumour:x2
IgA in the bronchi provides strain specific immunity against:
X linked condition characterised by lack of mature b cells
Which virus is linked to hepatocellular carcinoma
Which is the most likely site for prostate cancer metastasis?
Aminoglycoside that prevents tRNA binding to the 30s ribosomal subunit, may be pumped out of cell, inactivated or the host may protect ribosomes
Cancer caused by asbestos exposure:
Which virus apart from HIV uses reverse transcriptase?
Gram negative diplococcus found in the nasopharnyx of approx. 10% of the population
Virus that only shows symptoms in 10-15%, nonspecific flu like plus some jaundice and hepatomegaly
Group B blood type has an extra molecule of which sugar?
Tetanus transmission
Which method is used to stain acid fast bacteria, what colour are they?
Lobar pneumonia caused by S. pneumoniae- transmisison:
Protein filament facilitating attachment during bacterial cell conjugationsingular
Evasion of host defence: M protein binds to Fc region of IgG/IgA to prevent complement activation. Hyaluronic capsule that is anti-phagocytic
Baltimore classification: Influenza
Outcome of a kidney transplant to an individual with anti-blood group antibodies
HIV protein mediating fusion with T cells
The B cell co-receptor comprises:x3, no -
Which cells are vulnerable to HIV infection?use proper labelling
Evasion of host defence: Bacteria that can degrade penicillin, antiphagocytic pili
Gram positive obligate anaerobe that forms spores?
Baltimore classification: PoliovirusNumeral then name of group
Most likely sites of metastasis for colorectal tumour:x2
A thick polysaccharide layer inhibiting phagocytosis
Which cytokines signal viral infection of a cell?
Most likely sites of metastasis for prostate tumour:x1
Most likely sites of metastasis for breast tumour:x4

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