Science Quiz / More pathology part A

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Can you name the More pathology part A?

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Gram positive obligate anaerobe that forms spores?
Outcome of a kidney transplant to an individual with anti-blood group antibodies
Baltimore classification: EBVNumeral then name of group
3 contributions to bladder cancer risk:
Environmental cause of malignant melanoma?shorthand
Gram-, grows on MacConkey's, fements lactose, can't ferment indole?From soil, nitrogen fermenter
IgA in the bronchi provides strain specific immunity against:
Group B blood type has an extra molecule of which sugar?
4 proteins that protect against complement:
Which immunoglobulin is commonly found as a pentamer?Shorthand
Which blood type can a group O individual receive?
Cause of candidiasis?
Macrolide antibiotic that binds the 50s ribosomal subunit?
Gram negative diplococcus found in the nasopharnyx of approx. 10% of the population
Apart from Tb, which other disease leads to coughing up blood?simple name
X linked condition characterised by lack of mature b cells
Evasion of host defence: Bacteria that can degrade penicillin, antiphagocytic pili
Malignant tumour of melanocytes
MHC-II is found in which 4 cells?, suffix cells
Cancer caused by asbestos exposure:
Which is the most likely site for prostate cancer metastasis?
Site at which most CD4 T cells enter lymph node
Gram positive coccus growing in long chains, producing beta haemolysis, often the cause of pharyngitis
Cancer terminology: Varied cell shape, size, staining and nuclei
Which cytokines signal viral infection of a cell?
Cytokine that activates endothelium, lymphocytes, local effector cells, and causes fever when systemic.shorthand
Baltimore classification: Hep BNumeral then name of group
Which enzyme degrades fibrin in the clotting cascade?
Gram-, grows on MacConkey's, fements lactose, ferments indole?
Baltimore classification: Influenza
Which virus is linked to hepatocellular carcinoma
Evasion of host defence: Bacteria that hides in neurons that have low levels of MHC expression
Toll like receptor 4 recognises:
Which gene encodes HIV's reverse transcriptase?
Most likely sites of metastasis for pancreatic tumour:x2
Gram negative rod, grows on MacConkeys agar, doesn't ferment lactose, is a major cause of dysentry and has no animal reservoir
HIV protein mediating fusion with T cells
Virus that only shows symptoms in 10-15%, nonspecific flu like plus some jaundice and hepatomegaly
Whip like protein essential for locomotion.
First class of antibody to be secreted:
Enzymes that determine blood groupPlural, no spaces
The B cell co-receptor comprises:x3, no -
Which dye stains amyloid?
Most likely sites of metastasis for breast tumour:x4
Group A blood type has an extra molecule of which sugar?use -
Evasion of host defence: M protein binds to Fc region of IgG/IgA to prevent complement activation. Hyaluronic capsule that is anti-phagocytic
In which 2 human cells does Plasmodium replicate?proper names
Most likely sites of metastasis for colorectal tumour:x2
Aids is defined as a CD4 count below ?ul/L
A tumour that affects retinal cells in children, bilateral, can have genetic component
Gram positive rod producing a neurotoxin that blocks the release of inhibitory mediators at spinal synapses
2 main components of a venous thrombosis:
CD21 is a marker for:
Most likely sites of metastasis for prostate tumour:x1
What type are pre-existing blood group antibodies?
Cystitis caused by E. coli- transmission:
Protein filament facilitating attachment during bacterial cell conjugationsingular
Which complement component polymerises to make pores in cell membranes?
Baltimore classification: PoliovirusNumeral then name of group
Virus linked to Burkitt's lymphoma
Measles vaccine:
2 most likely sites of colon cancer metastasis,
Gram-, doesn't ferment lactose, H2S, no animal reservoir, may establish chronic carrier state:
Lipid found in high concentrations in the wall of acid fast bacteria
Baltimore classification: HIVNumeral then name of group
Cancer terminology: Requires EMT, breaks away and becomes systemic
Polymer of glycerol/inositol phosphate found in gram positive cell walls
Agammaglobulinaemia is a deficiency of what enzyme and which product?
Which method is used to stain acid fast bacteria, what colour are they?
Cancer terminology:Can grow in suspension, independent of serum, becoming immortal
Evasion of host defence: Using protein A to bind the Fc portion of IgG, no c3b produced
Which deletion on 22q.11.2 causes no antibody or cell mediated response, no graft rejection, hypersensitivity
Evasion of host defence: Survives in macrophages by preventing phagosome fusion with lysosome
Cancer terminology: De-differentiation
A thick polysaccharide layer inhibiting phagocytosis
Gram-ve diplococcus found on oropharyngeal membranes grows with adjacent sides flattened?
Most likely sites of metastasis for non small cell lung tumour:x4
Cancer terminology: Reduced adhesion of other cells in tumour, collagenase secretion, breaking through basement membrane
Which antibody class makes up the majority of immunoglobulin in plasma?
Outer membrane protein regulating access of small molecules to bacteria
Aminoglycoside that prevents tRNA binding to the 30s ribosomal subunit, may be pumped out of cell, inactivated or the host may protect ribosomes
Phospholipid responsible for LPS toxicity
What is a common consequence of DVT?
Which receptor forms part of the TCR essential for antigen recognition?
2 categories of antibiotic that bind the 30s ribosome:
Tetanus transmission
Disease caused by virus that enters the cell, shuts down host protein synthesis, positive single stranded rna genome
Transmission of rabies:
Polymer of n-acetylmuramic acid & n-acetylglucosamine linked by short pepties
Which virus apart from HIV uses reverse transcriptase?
Which cells are vulnerable to HIV infection?use proper labelling
Staphylococcal gastro-enteritis- transmission
Group of antibiotics that binds to the D-Ala-D-Ala site and inhibits peptidoglycan crosslinking, but is not degraded by beta lactamase?
What do the influenza drugs amantadine and rimantadine block?
Lobar pneumonia caused by S. pneumoniae- transmisison:
Most likely sites of metastasis for gastric tumour:x3
Which cell population produces IL-4
Gram positive obligate anaerobe that can form spores and produce neurotoxin leading to spastic paralysis

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