History Quiz / african american history key terms ch12-16

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Can you name the key terms ch12-16 (definitions had to be shortened from lack of space)?

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(definition)(term)(ch. & pg.#)
1865- a military derivative issued by Union Gen'l Sherman. Said that abandoned white land along southest coast was given to freed blacks. johnson pardoned whites and it ended.ch12, pg 266
Temporary Agency to assist freedmen in obtaining land and education, settle black v. white disputes, & to get food & medical care to people left destitute from war.ch12, pg 266
1865- Issued by General Howard, once again ordered agents to set aside 40 acre plots for freed men after johnson revoked special field order #15.ch12, pg 266
1866-3,000,000 acres of public land was set aside for blacks and union whites but was mostly swampy and unfertile pinewoods. failedch12, pg 267
(congress felt like they owed land to the black families who they kept giving land to and then taking it back)
1870's. system where workers worked in families. no wages & also no direct supervision by whites. Owner of land provided farming equipment & materials.ch12, pg 269
From a prominent black Philadelphia family. Was the first african american teacher to join the Sea Island's Mission and teach in SC. 1862-64ch12, pg 272
sought to ensure availability of subserviant agricultural labor controlled by whites. Restricted blacks from using alcohol or firearms.ch12, pg 277
compelled states to accept their residents as citizens. guaranteed citizenship to every person born in the U.S. Was opposed by democrats.ch12, pg 279
passed by repubs, this act was passed over Johnson's veto in 1867. divided the south into 5 military districts. the military protected ppl while new civilian gov'ts were formedch12, pg 280
was controlled by repubs in congress by 1867. brought black men into the political system. very dramatic development, second in importance to emancipation.ch12, pg 280
groups established in the north during the civil war. created to help people gain leadership skills and political education. they then expanded across the south in the 1860'sch12, pg 281
founded in Tennessee in 1866 for southern confederate veterans and is very secretive. the members burned down churches and schools and attacked republican leaders.ch13, pg 296
passed by congress in 1869. allowed black men to vote.ch13, pg 298
passed in 1870-1871 in response to the terrorism in the south. so the federal government had to expand its authority over the states.ch13, pg 298
outlawed disguises and masks and protected civil rights.ch13, pg 298
made it a federal offense to interfere with a persons right to vote, hold office, serve on a jury, on enjoy equal protection of the law.ch13, pg 298
outlawed discrimination in hotels, restaurants and transportation. never enforced, declared unconstitutional in 1883.ch13, pg 303
the violent process by which white conservative democrats regained political control of southern states from black and white republicans during reconstruction. ch13, pg 304
(definition)(term)(ch. & pg.#)
in 1875 in Mississippi white men resorted to violence and intimidation against all republicans to give control of the state back to democrats.ch13, pg 305
white democrats attacked black republicans in July 1876 in Hamburg SC. 5 black men were killed as the democrats tried to redeem the state. ch13, pg 305
an informal unwritten arrangement btwn the Dem's & Repub's that settled the disputed prez election of 1876 by making Hayes president and giving, LA, SC, & FL to dem'sch13, pg 306
the 'People's Party' supported inflation, unlimited coinage of silver/gold, gov't ownership of monopolies, & 8 hour work days. won state & congressional elections, not prez.ch13, pg 318
in 1896 ruled that segregation did not violate the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment. so, separate but equal ruled until 1954 when Brown v. Board overturned it. ch14, pg 322
a system devised by southern politicians in the late 1800's. allowed private contractors to lease convicts from the state or local gov'ts. Gov't made $ and needed less jails.ch14, pg 338
born in 1856 & founded Tuskagee Institute in Alabama. Said that the surest way for blacks to advance was to keep learning skills.ch14, pg 352
name given to black soldiers by Indians cuz they were impressed by their fighting & the had hair like buffalo (a sacred animal) 10th cavalry put it on their emblemch14, pg 352
in Texas, in 1906, a shooting was blamed on black soldiers from 25th Infantry regiment. President T. Roosevelt dismissed the 167 black men. Just. dept overturned it later.ch15, pg 354
1898-the U.S. annexed Hawaii in this war & went to liberate Cuba from Spanish control. Many Americans supported this extension of political, economic, & military authority.ch15, pg 356
The Filipinos thought that U.S. was fighting for their independence and was angry to find out that the U.S. wanted to annex the Philippines. ch15, pg 358
founder of the Niagara Movement and the NAACP. Favored a frontal assault on discrimination and Jim Crow. Disagreed with Booker T. Wahington.ch16, pg 374
a phrase originating in 1896 among northern white liberals. Du Bois used this term to describe the likelihood of 1/10 black men becoming leaders of their race.ch16, pg 374/380
a movement (late 1800's to 1900's) that sought to improve working conditions for women, child labor, and food regulations but cared little about ending racism.ch16, pg 374
1905, Du Bois started this anti-Washington group first as a meeting in Niagara Falls, Canada. made up of 29 selected black delegates.ch16, pg 380
Formed by the members of the former Niagara Movement with the addition of 3 white men. It is one of the oldest and most influential civil rights organizations in the United States.ch16, pg 382
a war that began on April 6, 1917 when congress officially declared war on Germany after repeated German submarine attacks on civilian vessels and the loss of American lives. ch16, pg 387
movement of African Americans from the rural south to the urban North. It began as a trickle of people after the Civil War and became a flood of human beings between 1910 and 1940.ch16, pg 394

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