Miscellaneous Quiz / Fallacies

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Can you name the fallacies?

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DefinitionFallacyExample
Changing the subject
A causes B because they're regularly connected, there are no other causes
Conclusion from a sample that isn't large enough
P is presented with intent to create pity; therefore claim is truePlease accept that 1+1=46... I'm dyinggggggg ):
Most people believe X, therefore X is true
Peer pressure substituted for evidence
It's a personal attack. What more is there to say?
A and B occur together, therefore A caused B
A presents something, B takes it out of proportion to make it false
Everyone likes X, therefore it's true
X makes you feel good, therefore it's true
X got a lot of attention, therefore all X's have its qualities
Bargaining - the position in the middle must be correct
Person A claims he is a legitimate authority on the subject, therefore he is right
X is presented with intent of generating spite, therefore claim is true/false
Attacking someone and using that as evidence that they are wrong - It's false because you're gay.
X is happening for longer than usual, therefore it will stop happening soon
Applying standards to others but not to themselves and giving no justification for being exempt
Conclusion is drawn from a biased sample.
Y is presented and induces fear, therefore X is true (even if it's not related to Y)
X is true for others, but not for me
DefinitionFallacyExample
Justifying an action by saying 'he would do the same to me'
One is like that, so all of the rest must be too
X is true because if you accept it, then you'll win a million dollars X is true because if you don't accept it, you're going to hell I wish X was true, so it's true
The whole has these properties, so the components must be too.
Assuming something is mutually exclusive - either X is true or Y is true, Y isn't true therefore X is true
Saying that the person is making the claim out of self interestHe's rich so that's false
A occurs before B, therefore A causes B
A is flattered by B, therefore whatever B says is true
X has occurred, therefore Y will inevitably happen 'We have to stop the tuition increase! The next thing you know, they'll be charging $40,000 a semester!'
Person B asserts that A's actions or past claims are inconsistent with the truth of claim X.
X is traditional, therefore it's better
Unfavourable information about A is presented, making A false
Defect in origin of claim is evidence against the claim
Unlikely dramatic event occurs, therefore such events are likely to occur “You know why you shouldn’t fly in airplanes? 9/11.”
X is new, therefore it's better
Circular reasoning - premises are just the claim/assumption that conclusion is trueX is true, the evidence is that it's true
People I don't like accept this claim, therefore it's false
After the fact explanation'God healed me from cancer'
X (some form of ridicule directed at claim) is presented, therefore the claim is false
X is a common action, therefore X is right
Leaving the burden of proof to the other side

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