Miscellaneous Quiz / Fallacies

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QUIZ: Can you name the fallacies?

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DefinitionFallacyExample
A causes B because they're regularly connected, there are no other causes
Peer pressure substituted for evidence
Circular reasoning - premises are just the claim/assumption that conclusion is trueX is true, the evidence is that it's true
A occurs before B, therefore A causes B
X is traditional, therefore it's better
Leaving the burden of proof to the other side
X is presented with intent of generating spite, therefore claim is true/false
A and B occur together, therefore A caused B
A is flattered by B, therefore whatever B says is true
Justifying an action by saying 'he would do the same to me'
Unfavourable information about A is presented, making A false
X has occurred, therefore Y will inevitably happen 'We have to stop the tuition increase! The next thing you know, they'll be charging $40,000 a semester!'
Unlikely dramatic event occurs, therefore such events are likely to occur “You know why you shouldn’t fly in airplanes? 9/11.”
X (some form of ridicule directed at claim) is presented, therefore the claim is false
X is a common action, therefore X is right
X makes you feel good, therefore it's true
Defect in origin of claim is evidence against the claim
Assuming something is mutually exclusive - either X is true or Y is true, Y isn't true therefore X is true
X is new, therefore it's better
Changing the subject
Bargaining - the position in the middle must be correct
DefinitionFallacyExample
Conclusion from a sample that isn't large enough
Most people believe X, therefore X is true
P is presented with intent to create pity; therefore claim is truePlease accept that 1+1=46... I'm dyinggggggg ):
It's a personal attack. What more is there to say?
Saying that the person is making the claim out of self interestHe's rich so that's false
X is true because if you accept it, then you'll win a million dollars X is true because if you don't accept it, you're going to hell I wish X was true, so it's true
X got a lot of attention, therefore all X's have its qualities
One is like that, so all of the rest must be too
A presents something, B takes it out of proportion to make it false
After the fact explanation'God healed me from cancer'
Y is presented and induces fear, therefore X is true (even if it's not related to Y)
Applying standards to others but not to themselves and giving no justification for being exempt
X is happening for longer than usual, therefore it will stop happening soon
Person A claims he is a legitimate authority on the subject, therefore he is right
Everyone likes X, therefore it's true
Person B asserts that A's actions or past claims are inconsistent with the truth of claim X.
People I don't like accept this claim, therefore it's false
The whole has these properties, so the components must be too.
X is true for others, but not for me
Conclusion is drawn from a biased sample.
Attacking someone and using that as evidence that they are wrong - It's false because you're gay.

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