Science Quiz / PMHS Genetics Review

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Can you name the genetic biology terms for your final?

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DefinitionVocab Term
a ____ trait is only express if there are two copies of the allele
GMO means
a ______ is the actual set of alleles that determian traits
the trait that results from the expression of the alleles is the
what is the last phase of mitosis
condons code for specific
Sexual Reproduction rerquires ___ individuals
meiosis I seperates _____ of homologous chromsomes
_____ _____ usually refers to the transfer of DNA from one organism to another
a ____ trait is always expressed
What gets duplicated during the S phase?
G1 and G2 are the________ phases
M stands for _____ in the cell cycle
protien is synthesized in these organelles
chromosomes which do not determine the sex of an individual are called
During meiosis a diploid cell will form four _____ cells
All Humans are ______ close
in what phase do the chromosomes line up in the center
the human genome project ____ the human genome
what is DNA wrapped around in its condensed form?
what is the condensed form of DNA called
Griffith showed that genetic material could be ____ between cells
If an offspring is in between its two parents ____ dominance is present
A _____ has the identical genome of its parent
transcription changes DNA to
DefinitionVocab Term
codons are made up of __ bases
The end product of translation is
chromosomes that are simular in size, shape, and genetic content are called
what phase do the chromosomes migrate to the poles of the cells
most human DNA is
____ ____ is based on Mendal's experiments
hapliod cells contains ___ set of chomosomes
humans have relatively ___ genes (number)
if both alleles for the same gene are expressed its called
Gregor Mendel experimented with
____ chromosomes determine the sex of an individual
2n refers to a _____ cell
these two gentelman completed the first 3-D model of DNA
if two genes are close together on the same chromosome and the traits the express are said to be
bacterial chromosomes are shaped like
G1, S, G2, and M make up the
asexual reproduction produces a(n) _____ ______ offspring to its parent
chromatids can exchange genetic information in a process known as
the ____ regulates gene expression in prokaryotes
bacteria reproduce by
A heterozygous cross will yield a generation with a ratio of ____ dominant to recessive
many human genes are ____ to those of other species (relationship)
the S pahse is also known as
what is the first phase of mitosis
Meiosis produces

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