Science Quiz / PMHS Genetics Review

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Can you name the genetic biology terms for your final?

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DefinitionVocab Term
chromosomes that are simular in size, shape, and genetic content are called
what phase do the chromosomes migrate to the poles of the cells
M stands for _____ in the cell cycle
During meiosis a diploid cell will form four _____ cells
_____ _____ usually refers to the transfer of DNA from one organism to another
G1, S, G2, and M make up the
a ______ is the actual set of alleles that determian traits
codons are made up of __ bases
the S pahse is also known as
What gets duplicated during the S phase?
humans have relatively ___ genes (number)
a ____ trait is only express if there are two copies of the allele
bacteria reproduce by
these two gentelman completed the first 3-D model of DNA
____ chromosomes determine the sex of an individual
what is DNA wrapped around in its condensed form?
condons code for specific
the ____ regulates gene expression in prokaryotes
A _____ has the identical genome of its parent
Meiosis produces
meiosis I seperates _____ of homologous chromsomes
in what phase do the chromosomes line up in the center
All Humans are ______ close
bacterial chromosomes are shaped like
Griffith showed that genetic material could be ____ between cells
DefinitionVocab Term
the trait that results from the expression of the alleles is the
Sexual Reproduction rerquires ___ individuals
a ____ trait is always expressed
most human DNA is
if two genes are close together on the same chromosome and the traits the express are said to be
transcription changes DNA to
if both alleles for the same gene are expressed its called
hapliod cells contains ___ set of chomosomes
2n refers to a _____ cell
____ ____ is based on Mendal's experiments
chromatids can exchange genetic information in a process known as
The end product of translation is
If an offspring is in between its two parents ____ dominance is present
A heterozygous cross will yield a generation with a ratio of ____ dominant to recessive
what is the condensed form of DNA called
what is the first phase of mitosis
what is the last phase of mitosis
protien is synthesized in these organelles
the human genome project ____ the human genome
G1 and G2 are the________ phases
many human genes are ____ to those of other species (relationship)
GMO means
Gregor Mendel experimented with
asexual reproduction produces a(n) _____ ______ offspring to its parent
chromosomes which do not determine the sex of an individual are called

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