Science Quiz / PMHS Genetics Review

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Can you name the genetic biology terms for your final?

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DefinitionVocab Term
bacterial chromosomes are shaped like
a ______ is the actual set of alleles that determian traits
what is DNA wrapped around in its condensed form?
_____ _____ usually refers to the transfer of DNA from one organism to another
what is the last phase of mitosis
most human DNA is
bacteria reproduce by
if two genes are close together on the same chromosome and the traits the express are said to be
in what phase do the chromosomes line up in the center
chromatids can exchange genetic information in a process known as
the ____ regulates gene expression in prokaryotes
these two gentelman completed the first 3-D model of DNA
____ ____ is based on Mendal's experiments
chromosomes that are simular in size, shape, and genetic content are called
Griffith showed that genetic material could be ____ between cells
what phase do the chromosomes migrate to the poles of the cells
the S pahse is also known as
G1 and G2 are the________ phases
The end product of translation is
G1, S, G2, and M make up the
what is the condensed form of DNA called
A heterozygous cross will yield a generation with a ratio of ____ dominant to recessive
All Humans are ______ close
If an offspring is in between its two parents ____ dominance is present
a ____ trait is only express if there are two copies of the allele
DefinitionVocab Term
What gets duplicated during the S phase?
a ____ trait is always expressed
hapliod cells contains ___ set of chomosomes
humans have relatively ___ genes (number)
____ chromosomes determine the sex of an individual
codons are made up of __ bases
transcription changes DNA to
the human genome project ____ the human genome
asexual reproduction produces a(n) _____ ______ offspring to its parent
many human genes are ____ to those of other species (relationship)
the trait that results from the expression of the alleles is the
protien is synthesized in these organelles
2n refers to a _____ cell
Gregor Mendel experimented with
M stands for _____ in the cell cycle
condons code for specific
A _____ has the identical genome of its parent
Meiosis produces
chromosomes which do not determine the sex of an individual are called
if both alleles for the same gene are expressed its called
GMO means
meiosis I seperates _____ of homologous chromsomes
what is the first phase of mitosis
During meiosis a diploid cell will form four _____ cells
Sexual Reproduction rerquires ___ individuals

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