Science Quiz / PMHS Genetics Review

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Can you name the genetic biology terms for your final?

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DefinitionVocab Term
most human DNA is
____ ____ is based on Mendal's experiments
the ____ regulates gene expression in prokaryotes
these two gentelman completed the first 3-D model of DNA
hapliod cells contains ___ set of chomosomes
A heterozygous cross will yield a generation with a ratio of ____ dominant to recessive
Meiosis produces
____ chromosomes determine the sex of an individual
_____ _____ usually refers to the transfer of DNA from one organism to another
asexual reproduction produces a(n) _____ ______ offspring to its parent
in what phase do the chromosomes line up in the center
what is the last phase of mitosis
many human genes are ____ to those of other species (relationship)
Gregor Mendel experimented with
Sexual Reproduction rerquires ___ individuals
transcription changes DNA to
GMO means
a ____ trait is always expressed
chromosomes which do not determine the sex of an individual are called
The end product of translation is
2n refers to a _____ cell
what is the first phase of mitosis
Griffith showed that genetic material could be ____ between cells
humans have relatively ___ genes (number)
condons code for specific
DefinitionVocab Term
A _____ has the identical genome of its parent
the S pahse is also known as
protien is synthesized in these organelles
if both alleles for the same gene are expressed its called
chromosomes that are simular in size, shape, and genetic content are called
All Humans are ______ close
a ____ trait is only express if there are two copies of the allele
the human genome project ____ the human genome
meiosis I seperates _____ of homologous chromsomes
the trait that results from the expression of the alleles is the
M stands for _____ in the cell cycle
G1, S, G2, and M make up the
bacteria reproduce by
codons are made up of __ bases
what is DNA wrapped around in its condensed form?
During meiosis a diploid cell will form four _____ cells
If an offspring is in between its two parents ____ dominance is present
a ______ is the actual set of alleles that determian traits
What gets duplicated during the S phase?
bacterial chromosomes are shaped like
what is the condensed form of DNA called
chromatids can exchange genetic information in a process known as
if two genes are close together on the same chromosome and the traits the express are said to be
what phase do the chromosomes migrate to the poles of the cells
G1 and G2 are the________ phases

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