Science Quiz / Bacterial Genetics

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How Well Do You Know Bacterial Genetics?

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Long chains of amino acid subunits
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Co-expression of multiple genes under the same promoter
Start codon
His experiment conducted in 1928 described the process of transformation
Mutations that generally involve one base pair
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of naked DNA
Copying process that makes mRNA
Type of RNA which, with ribosomal proteins, make up ribosomes (organelles that translate mRNA)
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
Phage-mediated gene transfer
Direction of transcription
Mutation which causes change in the reading frame.
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
Type of RNA which brings amino acids to ribosomes during translation.
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome that codes for a specific amino acid
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
Gene transfer through the sex pilus
Region of bases (TATA) that signals the beginning of a gene.
Used X-rays to produce evidence of the helical nature of DNA.
Incorporation of extrachromosomal DNA into the chromosome.
Cystosine and guanine have this many hydrogen bonds.
Any change in the nucleotide sequence of DNA
Rules that govern genetic translation
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Where a regulator protein binds in an operon.
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
New DNA strand that is assembled in segments
Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
Small circular extra-chromosomal DNA that is nonessential. It replicates separately from the chromosome and often codes for virulence factors or antibiotic resistance
Thymine and adenine have this many hydrogen bonds.
Structure of DNA deduced by Watson and Crick
Term that means one strand of the original is retained in each new DNA molecule
Path of information. Central dogma
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Fragments used to replicate the lagging strand
Replication begins at specific sites called ________.

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