Science Quiz / Bacterial Genetics

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How Well Do You Know Bacterial Genetics?

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Any change in the nucleotide sequence of DNA
Type of RNA which, with ribosomal proteins, make up ribosomes (organelles that translate mRNA)
Direction of transcription
Thymine and adenine have this many hydrogen bonds.
His experiment conducted in 1928 described the process of transformation
Long chains of amino acid subunits
Co-expression of multiple genes under the same promoter
Start codon
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
Mutations that generally involve one base pair
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
Phage-mediated gene transfer
Incorporation of extrachromosomal DNA into the chromosome.
Fragments used to replicate the lagging strand
Gene transfer through the sex pilus
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
UAA, UAG, UGA
Cystosine and guanine have this many hydrogen bonds.
HintAnswer
Region of bases (TATA) that signals the beginning of a gene.
Structure of DNA deduced by Watson and Crick
Mutation which causes change in the reading frame.
Used X-rays to produce evidence of the helical nature of DNA.
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Copying process that makes mRNA
Where a regulator protein binds in an operon.
Path of information. Central dogma
Replication begins at specific sites called ________.
Small circular extra-chromosomal DNA that is nonessential. It replicates separately from the chromosome and often codes for virulence factors or antibiotic resistance
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Term that means one strand of the original is retained in each new DNA molecule
Type of RNA which brings amino acids to ribosomes during translation.
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of naked DNA
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
New DNA strand that is assembled in segments
Rules that govern genetic translation
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome that codes for a specific amino acid

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