Science Quiz / Bacterial Genetics

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How Well Do You Know Bacterial Genetics?

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Copying process that makes mRNA
Path of information. Central dogma
His experiment conducted in 1928 described the process of transformation
Where a regulator protein binds in an operon.
Term that means one strand of the original is retained in each new DNA molecule
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
Replication begins at specific sites called ________.
Type of RNA which, with ribosomal proteins, make up ribosomes (organelles that translate mRNA)
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
Long chains of amino acid subunits
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Rules that govern genetic translation
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Phage-mediated gene transfer
Region of bases (TATA) that signals the beginning of a gene.
Co-expression of multiple genes under the same promoter
Structure of DNA deduced by Watson and Crick
Small circular extra-chromosomal DNA that is nonessential. It replicates separately from the chromosome and often codes for virulence factors or antibiotic resistance
Start codon
Type of RNA which brings amino acids to ribosomes during translation.
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
Direction of transcription
Gene transfer through the sex pilus
Fragments used to replicate the lagging strand
Mutation which causes change in the reading frame.
Any change in the nucleotide sequence of DNA
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Thymine and adenine have this many hydrogen bonds.
Incorporation of extrachromosomal DNA into the chromosome.
Cystosine and guanine have this many hydrogen bonds.
Used X-rays to produce evidence of the helical nature of DNA.
Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome that codes for a specific amino acid
New DNA strand that is assembled in segments
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of naked DNA
Mutations that generally involve one base pair

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