Science Quiz / Cardio Drugs

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Can you name the Cardio Drugs?

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InfoAssociationDetails
Drug blocks Na channels in the cortical collecting duct
Drug inhibits Na/K pump-> kills gradient Na/Ca antiporter uses to drive Ca out of the cell-> increase intracellular Ca2+
contraindicated in cardiogenic shock
Hydralazine contraindicated in...
verapamil's class
-pril
Patient has CHF (and needs loop diuretic) but had previous reaction to sulfamethoxazole (a SULFA DRUG). Give what drug?
Beta blockers for SVT (supraventricular tachycardia)
This class inhibiits the Na/K/2Cl cotransporter in the ascending loop
Patient with compensated CHF (on loop diuretic) has gradual onset, nagging big toe pain. Etiology?
Furosemide's class
Receptor AGONIST at D1 receptor (kidney VASCULATURE)
Best CCB for heart tissue
Which class of antiarrhythmics suppresses abnormal pacemakers by SLOWING DOWN PHASE FOUR (4)?
-tilide's are in which antiarrhythmic class?
Nifedipine's class
TORSADES DE POINTES with which antiarrhythmic class
amlodipine's class
drug class of amiloride
COUGH and ANGIOEDEMA are the most common side effects of
Main side effect of bile acid resins
Sotalol/bretylium/AMIODARONE's antiarrythmic class
Statins + fibrates= (this side effect)
drug class of triamterene
Unique side effect of hydralazine
Cinchonism (headache, tinnitus)
closes PDA
InfoAssociationDetails
Best CCB for smooth muscle
Drug upregulates lipoprotein lipase to increase TG clearance (VLDL breakdown)
Does furosemide cause HYPER or HYPO calcEMIA?
Procainamide's class
Nonselective, ALPHA blocking (vasodilatory) beta blockers
First line for Raynaud's syndrome
Lidocaine's antiarrhythmic class
First line for Prinzmetal's angina
-sartan
Which antiarrhythmic class SHORTENS THE AP?
New treatment for acute decompensated heart failure
main side effect of acetazolamide
Class ONE antiarrhythmics block
BETA BLOCKERS which antiarrhythmic class?
Increases cGMP by via direct release of Nitric Oxide
First line for uncomplicated, essential HTN
Competitive aldosterone receptor antagonist
furosemide + aminoglycoside = (this side effect)
beta blocker for glaucoma
keeps PDA patent
Malignant HTN treatment that can cause HYPERGLYCEMIA (reduced insulin secretio
Quinidine's class
This side effect is NOT present in ARBs (vs ACE inhibitors)
Drug can cause CYANIDE TOXICITY by releasing cyanide
Use BETA-1 SELECTIVE beta blockers in patient with what comorbidity?
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
Which antiarrhythmic class is CONTRAINDICATED POST MI (proarrhythmic!)?
InfoAssociationDetails
diltiazem's class
Which anti arrhythmic causes PULMONARY FIBROSIS, HEPATOTOXICITY/ AND HYPO/HYPERPARATHYROIDISM?
Which class of antiarrhythmics INCREASES THE PR INTERVAL?
Which antiarrhythmic class PROLONGS THE AP, and Increases the EFFECTIVE REFRACTORY PERIOD and QT INTERVAL?
class of cholestyramine/colestipol/colesevelam
First line for HTN in a diabetic
Drug inhibits NaCl reabsorption in the early DCT
Major side effect of CCBs
Vasodilator that dilates ARTERIES> veins-> reduces after load
Vasodilator that dilates VEINS> arteries-> reduces preload
Digoxin's class
Diuretic inhibits carbonic anhydrase
Drug inhibits lipolysis in adipose tissue; REDUCED HEPATIC VLDL SECRETION
Drug associated with 'Monday Disease'
Only CCB contraindicated for ARRHYTHMIAS
This class reduces muscle contractility by blocking voltage gated L-TYPE Ca2+ channels
Recombinant ANP
Class of antiarrhythmics DECREASES THE SLOPE of PHASE 0 DEPOLARIZATION
Increases cGMP-> smooth muscle relaxation/Vasodilates ARTERIOLES>veins
cholesterol ABSORPTION blocker
Does HCTZ cause HYPER or HYPO calcEMIA?
drug class of spironolactone
Which antiarrhythmic class is BEST POST MI?
Which antiarrhythmic is BEST FOR SVT?
First line for HTN in PREGNANCY
Clonidine and methyldopa good for hypertensive patient with what comorbidity?

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