Science Quiz / Cardio Drugs

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Can you name the Cardio Drugs?

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Malignant HTN treatment that can cause HYPERGLYCEMIA (reduced insulin secretio
Cinchonism (headache, tinnitus)
BETA BLOCKERS which antiarrhythmic class?
Increases cGMP-> smooth muscle relaxation/Vasodilates ARTERIOLES>veins
Drug upregulates lipoprotein lipase to increase TG clearance (VLDL breakdown)
First line for Prinzmetal's angina
Which antiarrhythmic class is BEST POST MI?
Use BETA-1 SELECTIVE beta blockers in patient with what comorbidity?
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
Vasodilator that dilates VEINS> arteries-> reduces preload
Drug inhibits Na/K pump-> kills gradient Na/Ca antiporter uses to drive Ca out of the cell-> increase intracellular Ca2+
main side effect of acetazolamide
First line for HTN in a diabetic
contraindicated in cardiogenic shock
Quinidine's class
Drug inhibits lipolysis in adipose tissue; REDUCED HEPATIC VLDL SECRETION
Beta blockers for SVT (supraventricular tachycardia)
Which class of antiarrhythmics suppresses abnormal pacemakers by SLOWING DOWN PHASE FOUR (4)?
Hydralazine contraindicated in...
drug class of amiloride
Which antiarrhythmic class PROLONGS THE AP, and Increases the EFFECTIVE REFRACTORY PERIOD and QT INTERVAL?
Nonselective, ALPHA blocking (vasodilatory) beta blockers
First line for Raynaud's syndrome
Main side effect of bile acid resins
This class inhibiits the Na/K/2Cl cotransporter in the ascending loop
Recombinant ANP
Clonidine and methyldopa good for hypertensive patient with what comorbidity?
cholesterol ABSORPTION blocker
drug class of spironolactone
First line for uncomplicated, essential HTN
This side effect is NOT present in ARBs (vs ACE inhibitors)
-tilide's are in which antiarrhythmic class?
Which antiarrhythmic is BEST FOR SVT?
Receptor AGONIST at D1 receptor (kidney VASCULATURE)
Which antiarrhythmic class SHORTENS THE AP?
diltiazem's class
First line for HTN in PREGNANCY
Lidocaine's antiarrhythmic class
Patient with compensated CHF (on loop diuretic) has gradual onset, nagging big toe pain. Etiology?
drug class of triamterene
beta blocker for glaucoma
furosemide + aminoglycoside = (this side effect)
Sotalol/bretylium/AMIODARONE's antiarrythmic class
Nifedipine's class
Drug inhibits NaCl reabsorption in the early DCT
Vasodilator that dilates ARTERIES> veins-> reduces after load
Drug can cause CYANIDE TOXICITY by releasing cyanide
Competitive aldosterone receptor antagonist
Digoxin's class
Statins + fibrates= (this side effect)
Best CCB for heart tissue
amlodipine's class
Which antiarrhythmic class is CONTRAINDICATED POST MI (proarrhythmic!)?
Drug associated with 'Monday Disease'
Major side effect of CCBs
Drug blocks Na channels in the cortical collecting duct
This class reduces muscle contractility by blocking voltage gated L-TYPE Ca2+ channels
verapamil's class
COUGH and ANGIOEDEMA are the most common side effects of
class of cholestyramine/colestipol/colesevelam
Procainamide's class
Furosemide's class
Only CCB contraindicated for ARRHYTHMIAS
closes PDA
New treatment for acute decompensated heart failure
Class ONE antiarrhythmics block
TORSADES DE POINTES with which antiarrhythmic class
Best CCB for smooth muscle
Increases cGMP by via direct release of Nitric Oxide
Unique side effect of hydralazine
keeps PDA patent
Does furosemide cause HYPER or HYPO calcEMIA?
Does HCTZ cause HYPER or HYPO calcEMIA?
Diuretic inhibits carbonic anhydrase
Patient has CHF (and needs loop diuretic) but had previous reaction to sulfamethoxazole (a SULFA DRUG). Give what drug?
Which class of antiarrhythmics INCREASES THE PR INTERVAL?

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