Science Quiz / Cardio Drugs

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Can you name the Cardio Drugs?

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Does furosemide cause HYPER or HYPO calcEMIA?
First line for HTN in PREGNANCY
Major side effect of CCBs
Patient has CHF (and needs loop diuretic) but had previous reaction to sulfamethoxazole (a SULFA DRUG). Give what drug?
Increases cGMP-> smooth muscle relaxation/Vasodilates ARTERIOLES>veins
Vasodilator that dilates VEINS> arteries-> reduces preload
Which antiarrhythmic class is BEST POST MI?
Clonidine and methyldopa good for hypertensive patient with what comorbidity?
Hydralazine contraindicated in...
closes PDA
keeps PDA patent
Lidocaine's antiarrhythmic class
Procainamide's class
BETA BLOCKERS which antiarrhythmic class?
class of cholestyramine/colestipol/colesevelam
First line for HTN in a diabetic
Main side effect of bile acid resins
drug class of spironolactone
Best CCB for smooth muscle
This class inhibiits the Na/K/2Cl cotransporter in the ascending loop
TORSADES DE POINTES with which antiarrhythmic class
Drug upregulates lipoprotein lipase to increase TG clearance (VLDL breakdown)
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
verapamil's class
Drug can cause CYANIDE TOXICITY by releasing cyanide
Quinidine's class
Unique side effect of hydralazine
main side effect of acetazolamide
This class reduces muscle contractility by blocking voltage gated L-TYPE Ca2+ channels
furosemide + aminoglycoside = (this side effect)
Beta blockers for SVT (supraventricular tachycardia)
This side effect is NOT present in ARBs (vs ACE inhibitors)
Digoxin's class
Drug inhibits Na/K pump-> kills gradient Na/Ca antiporter uses to drive Ca out of the cell-> increase intracellular Ca2+
contraindicated in cardiogenic shock
Does HCTZ cause HYPER or HYPO calcEMIA?
beta blocker for glaucoma
Which antiarrhythmic class SHORTENS THE AP?
amlodipine's class
Receptor AGONIST at D1 receptor (kidney VASCULATURE)
Which antiarrhythmic class is CONTRAINDICATED POST MI (proarrhythmic!)?
cholesterol ABSORPTION blocker
Malignant HTN treatment that can cause HYPERGLYCEMIA (reduced insulin secretio
Drug blocks Na channels in the cortical collecting duct
Diuretic inhibits carbonic anhydrase
Drug associated with 'Monday Disease'
New treatment for acute decompensated heart failure
First line for Raynaud's syndrome
Statins + fibrates= (this side effect)
Increases cGMP by via direct release of Nitric Oxide
Competitive aldosterone receptor antagonist
-tilide's are in which antiarrhythmic class?
Which class of antiarrhythmics suppresses abnormal pacemakers by SLOWING DOWN PHASE FOUR (4)?
drug class of amiloride
First line for Prinzmetal's angina
Which antiarrhythmic class PROLONGS THE AP, and Increases the EFFECTIVE REFRACTORY PERIOD and QT INTERVAL?
Cinchonism (headache, tinnitus)
Patient with compensated CHF (on loop diuretic) has gradual onset, nagging big toe pain. Etiology?
Nonselective, ALPHA blocking (vasodilatory) beta blockers
Use BETA-1 SELECTIVE beta blockers in patient with what comorbidity?
Only CCB contraindicated for ARRHYTHMIAS
Nifedipine's class
Sotalol/bretylium/AMIODARONE's antiarrythmic class
Class ONE antiarrhythmics block
Furosemide's class
Best CCB for heart tissue
Which class of antiarrhythmics INCREASES THE PR INTERVAL?
Drug inhibits lipolysis in adipose tissue; REDUCED HEPATIC VLDL SECRETION
First line for uncomplicated, essential HTN
Which antiarrhythmic is BEST FOR SVT?
drug class of triamterene
Drug inhibits NaCl reabsorption in the early DCT
Vasodilator that dilates ARTERIES> veins-> reduces after load
Recombinant ANP
diltiazem's class
COUGH and ANGIOEDEMA are the most common side effects of

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