Science Quiz / Anthro Exam 3

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DefinitionTerm
geographic variant of Heidelbergensis: large cranial capacity, thin walls of braincase, sagittal keel
a new production method, more uniform tools, greater control over flake size/shape
guy who had an evolutionary approach and ranked societies on an evolutionary scale, simple -> complex; based on tech, econ, social structure
increased body size, brain within range of H. sapiens, efficient scavenger and likely hunter, est. more permanent living sites, culture as an adaptive strategy; 2 mya
has anterior foramen magnum, less flared cheek bones, 500-530 cc; 1-2 mya
how modern humans came about: African origin, European and Asian populations replaced by African dispersal, speciation event
large face, projected browridges (arched not straight), low forehead, increased brain size, more rounded braincase, more vertical nose; 850-200 kya
H. sapiens: warming trend, exploitation of fish and foul
geographic variant of Neanderthals: huge cranial capacity, some deliberate burials
has a larger face, larger molars, minimal browridges, and a significantly larger cranial capacity; 1.8 mya
how modern humans came about: African origin, interbreeding with resident premodern populations throughout the Old World, 'mostly out of Africa' hypothesis
the species that used Solutrean and Magdalenian industries
guy who classified humans into 5 races based on classifications other than skin color
different traits have different distributions that are not always correlated
guy who wrote Man's Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race
hierarchial arrangement of the world; categories into discrete, immutable steps descending from God; races are primordial, flexed, non-overlapping, ranked
1.4 mya: bifacial, handaxes and cleavers
erectus v. ergaster: thin cranial board, less pronounced browrdiges
guy who opposed social Darwinism , thought cultural differences = historical, social, & geogrpahical conditions, thought environmental conditions influence morphological characteri
small cranial capacity, moderately prognathic, megadont, relatively long arms, opposable toes, small canine, anteriorly positioned foramen magnum, longitudinal arch in foot, relati
idea that races are composed of people who conform to idealized type and that interbreeeding between races causes contamination
reduced facial size, more parabolic plate differences in canines, smaller canines, larger front teeth relative to back, moderate-small browridge, larger encephalization; 2.4 mya
idea that some races reached H. sapien stage in evolution faster than other races, so they're more complex; human races evolving as separate lines for the past million years
has reduced cranial cresting, is less prognathic, 500-530 cc; 2 mya
DefinitionTerm
groups of organisms that share similar adaptive patterns; includes biological and cultural features that are unique to this group
guy who split H. sapiens into four subgroups (europaeus, americanus, etc)
theory where domination of an inferior society by a dominant one is the result of natural law
'southern ape'
an Upper Paleolithic toolkit; blade technology
the philosophy of race improvement through selective breeding; minorities passing on bad genes faster than whites
extremely small-bodied and small-brained, about 3 feet tall, the result of extreme isolation pressures; 13-18 kya
how modern humans came about: local populations evolved from premodern forms to fully modern humans, interbreeding, no taxanomic distinction between us and earlier hominins
geographic variant of Neanderthals: back of cranium bun-shaped, buried in flexed position surrounded by animal remains, with Mousterian and Chatelperronian industries
larger cranial capacity than humans, large long lower cranial shape, occipital bun, more vertical forehead, projected midface, arched browridges, robust & heavily built, barrel-che
geographic variant of Heidelbergensis: increased cranial capacity, more rounded cranium (slight upper vault expansion), reduced tooth size
1.8-1.5 mya: unifacial; simple cores, flakes, hammerstone
anterior foramen magnum, reduced canines, less prognathic, U-shaped dental arcade, huge browridges, small cranial capacity, sagittal crest; 7 mya
theory where aspects of behavior are governed by genetic factors and some groups are naturally superior to others
geographic variant of Heidelbergensis: robust supraorbital torus (arched), low vault, prominent nuchal crest
erectus v. ergaster: thick cranial board, more pronounced browrdiges
guy who thought genotypic and phenotypic variation are distributed along geographic gradiations
guy who replicated Lewontin's findings using different genetic markers and found similar results
guy who came up with the Candelabra model
has a sagittal crest, dished face, flared zygomatics, megadont, and a small cranial capacity; 2.5 mya
guy who developed eugenics
femur anatomy supports bipedalism, thick dental enamel, large upper canine, curved finger bones, upper arm morphology indicating arboreal climbing; 6 mya
guy who divided population into w/in populations, between populations w/in race, and between races, and found that 94% of genetic variation occurs within human populations; conclud
a Middle Paleolithic toolkit; H. neanderthalensis/heidelbergensis

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