Science Quiz / New Material 2

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QUIZ: Can you name the New Material 2

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Phylum Chordata, class aves
Bilateral symmetry in larvae and radial symmetry in adults suggests that radial symmetry is ___________
________ fish produce small amounts of concentrated urine
requires membrane proteins that act as pumps and energy expenditure in the form of ATP
basi unti of kidney
Spiracles…respiratory tubes Chitin and waxy cuticle Malpighian tubules
fluids and small solutes are pushed through pores and the filtration slits into __________
often occurs via channels or by transmembrane proteins that act as carriers
_________ and ________ inhibit the production of ADH and leads to excessive urination No ADH produced…collecting duct is impermeable to wate
Na/K ATPase pumps _____ out of epithelial cells into surround ec fluid
is always used for short distance transport, but it is augmented by bulk flow of fluid for any long distance transport.
feathers for insulation and powered flight, aves
Saltwater-tissues are ___________ to seawater
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland that constricts small blood vessels and increases the absorption of water by the kidney
Na/Cl/K co-transporter power by the gradient favoring Na diffusion brings these three ions from the extracellular fluid into epithelial cells
Na/K ATPase pumps _____ into epithelial cells
How do the sodium ions finally get into the lumen of the shark rectal gland?
________ limb of henle: highly permeable to water, impermeable to solutes
Freshwater-tissues are ___________ to seawater
Total cross-sectional area of smaller pipes greatly exceeds that of larger pipes so that velocity is ________ in larger pipes
HintAnswer
________ limb of henle: has sodium and chloride channels
Lobe-finned fish, early tetropod, then Paleozoic tetropod- development of _________
Phylum echinoderms and class crinoidea
________ limb of henle: highly permeable to na and cl and almost completely impermeable to water
solutes move from area of higher concentration to area of lower concentrations
A defect in the CFTR gene causes ________ in humans
water moves from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentrations
_________ and cells remain in bloodstream during filtration in renal corpuscle
have similar glands to sharks
Functions as a countercurrent multiplier that maximizes the transfer of soluble substances between the tubes by setting up an osmotic gradient
secreted in the bloodstream
Gain some water and electrolytes in food, some water and electrolytes are lost in urine. what animal?
Echinoderms and Chordata
deuterostomes have ____________, which means that the coelom buds from endotherm
are inserted into collecting duct More water is recovered from collecting duct to blood Small volume of concentrated urine is produced
K and Cl concentrations build up inside the cell as a result of the
use both large and small pipes-small pipes at exchange sites and large pipes for moving fluid from one exchange to another
selective absorption takes place in the ________ tubules
No notochord, no post anal tail, but dorsal nerve cord and gill slits
gain some electrolytes in food and lose some in urine, helps balance

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