Science Quiz / New Material 2

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Can you name the New Material 2

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HintAnswer
Echinoderms and Chordata
Lobe-finned fish, early tetropod, then Paleozoic tetropod- development of _________
________ fish produce small amounts of concentrated urine
Gain some water and electrolytes in food, some water and electrolytes are lost in urine. what animal?
No notochord, no post anal tail, but dorsal nerve cord and gill slits
________ limb of henle: highly permeable to na and cl and almost completely impermeable to water
water moves from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentrations
_________ and cells remain in bloodstream during filtration in renal corpuscle
Na/Cl/K co-transporter power by the gradient favoring Na diffusion brings these three ions from the extracellular fluid into epithelial cells
How do the sodium ions finally get into the lumen of the shark rectal gland?
basi unti of kidney
Freshwater-tissues are ___________ to seawater
Phylum echinoderms and class crinoidea
Bilateral symmetry in larvae and radial symmetry in adults suggests that radial symmetry is ___________
deuterostomes have ____________, which means that the coelom buds from endotherm
Na/K ATPase pumps _____ into epithelial cells
is always used for short distance transport, but it is augmented by bulk flow of fluid for any long distance transport.
________ limb of henle: highly permeable to water, impermeable to solutes
feathers for insulation and powered flight, aves
K and Cl concentrations build up inside the cell as a result of the
HintAnswer
secreted in the bloodstream
Saltwater-tissues are ___________ to seawater
have similar glands to sharks
Functions as a countercurrent multiplier that maximizes the transfer of soluble substances between the tubes by setting up an osmotic gradient
Total cross-sectional area of smaller pipes greatly exceeds that of larger pipes so that velocity is ________ in larger pipes
use both large and small pipes-small pipes at exchange sites and large pipes for moving fluid from one exchange to another
________ limb of henle: has sodium and chloride channels
Phylum Chordata, class aves
Na/K ATPase pumps _____ out of epithelial cells into surround ec fluid
Spiracles…respiratory tubes Chitin and waxy cuticle Malpighian tubules
are inserted into collecting duct More water is recovered from collecting duct to blood Small volume of concentrated urine is produced
requires membrane proteins that act as pumps and energy expenditure in the form of ATP
_________ and ________ inhibit the production of ADH and leads to excessive urination No ADH produced…collecting duct is impermeable to wate
selective absorption takes place in the ________ tubules
solutes move from area of higher concentration to area of lower concentrations
A defect in the CFTR gene causes ________ in humans
gain some electrolytes in food and lose some in urine, helps balance
often occurs via channels or by transmembrane proteins that act as carriers
fluids and small solutes are pushed through pores and the filtration slits into __________
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland that constricts small blood vessels and increases the absorption of water by the kidney

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