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Mao's China: Agriculture and Industry Quiz Stats

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Question Answer % Correct
What campaign asked peasants to exterminate sparrows, rats, flies and mosquitoes?Four pests
80%
What law was introduced in 1950?Agrarian Reform Law
76%
What percent of the peasant population was in communes by the end of 1958?99
76%
What was the name of the agrobiologist who tried to revitalise Chinese agricultureLysenko
76%
How many people died during the Great Famine?30m to 50m
76%
What was agreed in 1950?Sino-Soviet Agreement
75%
When did collectiviastion begin?1956
75%
Give three policies of Lysenkoism? (P,D,C)Pest control, deep ploughing, close planting
75%
What were established to produce iron and steel?Backyard furnaces
75%
What suffered as a result of too much coal being used?Rail network
75%
How far below the target for steel prodcution was China in 1960?91m
75%
Who did the communists order peasants to attack in 1949?Landlords
72%
What was introduced in 1951 that organised peasants into 10 or fewer households?MATs
72%
Who were given more control of the economy in 1962-65?Liu and Deng
72%
What was created after MATs that consisted of 30 to 50 households?APCs
68%
How many experts were sent from the USSR and EE to China?11,000
68%
Industrial output 'blank' the recorded amount in 1957Doubled
68%
When was the first FYP?1952-56
64%
Question Answer % Correct
What was the annual growth rate during the 1st FYP?9%
64%
What did Mao place his trust in for the second FYP?Mass Mobilisation
64%
How many landlords were killed?1m to 2m
60%
When was the first commune launched?July 1958
60%
How many households were part of HAPCs by the end of 1956?88
56%
How many households did a commune contain?5000
56%
The agricultural production between 1950 and 1952 increased at what rate per annum?15
52%
How many households were part of APCs in 1955?63
52%
What was the main target of the 1st FYP?Self-sufficiency
52%
Bewteen the period 1953-57, what was the agricultural growth rate?4%
50%
What was a major problem with the 1st FYP?Illiteracy
50%
What had also been eliminated?Freedom to travel
50%
How far below govt. targets was grain production in 1958?175m tonnes
50%
How much did grain production rise by between 1953 and 1954?Less than 2%
48%
Heavy industry grew at what rate?17%
48%
By 1962, how much had industrial production dropped by?40%
44%
Between 1957 and 1979, what was the annual average rate?10.2%
44%
How many communes was China's land split up into?70,000
25%

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