Science Quiz / Life Processes Term 1

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HintAnswer
'blank' jelly layer surrounding egg
'blank' reaction to penetrate jelly layer
fertilisation by multiple sperm
fast block of above by 'blank'
slow block of above by 'blank'
process of division of zygote
division creates nucleated 'blank'
32 of the above is a 'blank'
hollow ball of cells is a 'blank'
cavity inside the above is the 'blank'
one of the poles of the ball
the other pole of the ball
spiral cleavage is seen in 'blank'
radial cleavage is seen in 'blank'
process of formation of cell layers
outer cell layer is the 'blank'
middle cell layer is the 'blank'
inner cell layer is the 'blank'
inward folding of cell layers
above process occurs from the 'blank'
name for the blastula in birds
layer infolding occurs along this in birds
process of formation of nervous tissue
above process acts on the 'blank'
above structure forms the 'blank'
above structures resides in the 'blank'
'blank' found along length of the above
extraembyronic membrane for gas exchange
waterproof extraembryonic membrane
extraembryonic membrane for waste storage
the above becomes the 'blank' in mammals
interdigitation of cells causes 'blank'
fate of cells in an embryo shown by a 'blank'
permanent binding of chromatin is 'blank'
above process sets a cell's 'blank'
communication within cells by 'blank'
communication between cells by 'blank'
pattern formation is controlled by 'blank'
maternal mRNA of 'blank' gene in Drosophila embryos
protein of above gene reactivates 'blank'
initial stage of Drosophila embryos
diffusion of proteins in the above produces 'blank'
cell body of neurons
long branch of neurons
short branches of neurons
potassium ions leave neurons by 'blank'
a neuron firing is 'blank'
the above all have the same 'blank'
information in neurons is 'blank'
high concentrations of Na channels are found in the 'blank'
a generally excitatory neurotransmitter
the above acts on channels for what ion
a generally inhibitory neurotransmitter
the above acts on channels for what ion
EPSP stands for what
IPSP stands for what
another excitatory neurotransmitter
another inhibitory neurotransmitter
the above acronym stands for what
summation of EPSPs occurs by 'blank'
muscle fibres are composed of 'blank'
the above are composed of 'blank'
a single motor unit is known as a 'blank'
junction between myosin filaments is the 'blank'
the above is crossed by the 'blank'
junction between actin filaments is the 'blank'
the above is crossed by the 'blank'
variable zone between sarcomeres is the 'blank'
EJP stands for what
depolarisation travels through the 'blank'
what ion is released in muscle cells
the above ion is released from the 'blank'
vertebrate contraction strength controlled by 'blank'
invertebrate contraction strength controlled by
neuron cell bodies make up the 'blank'
myelinated axons make up the 'blank'
motor neurons exit the 'blank' of the spine
sensory neurons exit the 'blank of the spine
name for the hind brain in fish
name for the mid brain in fish
name for the fore brain in fish
'blank' controls fine motor output
'blank' roots sensory data to the cerebrum
'blank' is responsible for homeostasis
earthworm withdrawal reflex stimulated by the 'blank'
neurotransmitter used in this stimulation
lateral line system composed of 'blank'
crustacean equilibrium detected by 'blank'
the above structure contains a 'blank'
vertebrate equilibrium detected by 'blank'
the above is comprised of the 'blank' and the 'blank'
 
and 3 'blank arranged orthogonally to one another
each of the above contain a single 'blank'
HintAnswer
name for the external ear
the above channels sound into the 'blank'
name for the ear drum
bones of the inner ear in order
 
 
final bone of the above hits the 'blank'
the above contains the 'blank'
lower membrane of the above
upper membrane to which the above is anchored
isthmus between sections of a photoreceptor cell
rod cells contain what photopigment
the above photopigment detects 'blank'
cone cells contain what photopigment
the above photopigment detects 'blank'
neutral lipids used for storage
polar lipids used for membranes
 
FRAP stands for what
fluid filled space in chloroplasts
membrane sacs in chloroplasts
accessory pigments sit in 'blank'
the above are embedded in the 'blank'
the electron transporters between photosystems
 
the electron transport after photosystem I
enzyme which reduces NADP
centrifugation at multiple G forces
centrifugation using layered sucrose solutions
product of oxygenation by RuBisCO
breakdown of above in produces what
 
above organic component converted to what
amination of the above produces what
two molecules of the above react to produce CO2 and what
enzyme used in the C4 pathway
product of this enzyme
in what cells is this product made
in what cells is this product stored
what enzyme breaks down this product
what are the products
the above organic product is converted to what
in C4 plants, reactions are separated in what way
in CAM plants, they are separated in what way
in CAM plants where are the CO2 storage molecules contained
immunity from germ line cells
immunity from somatic cells
AMP in insects stands for what
in insects serine protease cascades activate what
the above converts what to what
 
the latter product is used in what defense mechanism
gram negative bacteria lack what
PAMP stands for what
PRR stands for what
cytokines act against what pathogens
cytokines are also known as 'blank'
series of proteins circulating in inactive form
the above causes what,
or what
3 types of phagocyte
 
 
reproduction of activated B cells is 'blank'
most activated B cells develop into 'blank'
the above produce what class of molecules
a smaller number develop into what
destruction of defective B cells is 'blank'
phagocytotic cells are activated by 'blank'
activation of the above cells causes then to release 'blank'
the IL4 form of the above activates what
the IFN gamma form activates what
virus infected cells are destroyed by 'blank'
the above bear what type of receptor
T helper cells bear what type of receptor
enzyme which makes a pore in the cell membrane
enzyme which triggers apoptosis
every nucleated cell bears what
the normal form of the above is used for what
the form displaying viral peptides activates what type of receptor
APC stands for what
the above cell types bear what
the above structure displaying pathogen peptides activates what type of receptor
vaccination operates by 'blank'
the bursa of Fabricius is unique to 'blank'
lymph nodes are unique to 'blank'
4 elements of nutrition
 
 
 
4 types of feeding
 
 
 
HintAnswer
lung collapse due to surface tension prevented by 'blank'
mammals ventilate by 'blank'
amphibians ventilate by 'blank'
iron - containing respiratory pigment
copper - containing respiratory pigment
blood substitute in arthropods
above fluid resides within the 'blank'
circulation type in fish
circulation type in amphibians
circulation type in amniotes
osmoconformers are 'blank' with their environment
osmoregulators are 'blank' or 'blank' with their environment
 
reptiles, birds and insects excrete 'blank'
fish, amphibians and mammals excrete 'blank'
excretory system in platyhelminthes
excretory system in insects
excretory system in chordates
signalling where cells are near secreting cells
signalling where the secreted cell is affected
three classes of hormone
 
 
tropic hormones act on what tissue type
non tropic hormones act on what tissue type
steroids are derived from what molecule
neurosecretory cells secrete 'blank;
PTTH acts on what glands in arthropods
the above secrete what hormone in response
the above controls what processes
 
what hormone regulates which one occurs
the disparity between complexity and genome size
chromatin condensation and spindle formation =
dissolution of the nuclear membrane =
end of chromosome alignment =
chromatid separation and migration =
cytokinesis and nuclear membrane reformation =
pair of chromatids join at the 'blank'
chromatids swap at the 'blank'
pair of chromosomes is a 'blank'
failure for chromatids to separate is 'blank'
the above leads to 'blank'
name for a 5 carbon sugar
2 nuclei acid examples of the above
 
opposite strands in a DNA molecule are 'blank'
DNA replication is 'blank'
replication begins at the 'blank'
what enzyme ensures that DNA is uncoiled
what enzyme breaks hydrogen bonds in DNA
breakage of these bonds produces a 'blank
what must be added to the single strands for replication to continue
the above are added by what enzymes
what enzyme catalyses DNA replication
what enzyme replaces the RNA primers with DNA
the DNA replacements form 'blank'
antiparallel replication produces what phenomena in the strands
 
what structures are added to preserve terminal genes
what enzyme adds the above structures
what is added to the 5' end in eukaryotes
what is added to the 3' end in eukaryotes
in what process is the above structure added
what are removed from mRNA prior to translation
 
where does this removal occur
in which subunit of the ribosome is the catalyic enzyme found
3 types of sustitution
 
 
indels lead to what
4 types of chromosomal mutation
 
 
 
his- Salmonella are used in what test
the above is used to test what
UV radiation may produce what in DNA
recognition sites are 'blank'
what enzymes act on recognition sites
from what organisms do the above come
what prevents self cutting in the above
what are the three elements of Circadian rhythms
 
 
to which of these elements do zeitgeibers relate to
what are the two major Circadian molecules in humans
 
what can happen in an organism
proximate influences on behaviour
 
ultimate influences in behaviour
 

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