Science Quiz / Insect Biology I

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Insect biology revision quiz

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State of the arthropod ancestor of insects
Segment fusion
Primitive number of head segments
Primitive number of thoracic segments
Primitive number of abdominal segments
Names of the head segments
Two openings in the head
What are found on the antennal segment
what is found on the post antennal segment
Structure of the antenna
What is the last of the above composed of
General term for the above
Nature of insect mouth parts
Structure of the labial mouthpart
Paired structure with cutting teeth and molars
Medial branch of the maxillae
Lateral branch of the maxillae
Singular elements of the maxillae
What branches from the stipes
Structure of the labial mouthpart
What branches from the paraglossa
What do the labrum and labium form
What projects into this
What lies at the base of the above
U shaped tube formed by fusion of labial palps in mosquitoes
What does the flexible labrum act like
What is used to extend the labrum
What sucks up blood and extrudes saliva
What covers the surface of the labellum in houseflies
What does this facilitate
What covers the surface of the labellum in predatory flies
Posterior part of the fly labellum
Anterior part of the fly labellum
What is the labium adapted into in dragonfly nymphs
What are the postmental and prementum elongated into
Names of the primitive thoracic segments
Dorsal protective covering between head and thorax
Structure of the leg
Gripping elements on the foot
Structures making up the tarsus
Typical walking gait in insects
Species which can gallop
Basic structure of the wing
Primitive number of veins
What are found in these veins
What is a trend in the evolution of wings
Protein found in cuticle and joints
What produces structural colour in insects
What cannot wings do primitively
Name for leathery, partially thickened wings in hemipterans
Wings fully adapted to armor in beetles
What do the wings fold along under the above
How are the wings unfurled
What joins hymenopteran wings
In what groups are the wings fully fused
What structures at the wing base reduce turbulence in the above
Abdominal structures homlogous to thoracic legs in archaeognaths
Non homologous abdominal structures in higher groups
What do dermapterans adapt the above into
Name for the reproductive abdominal segments
Name for the reproductive opening
Which segments does the above lie between
What extends from behind the opening
What di the above form
Reproductive structure formed by teloscopic abdominal segments
What is found on the last segment in the above
Package of male reproductive cells
What produces the above
What delivers the package to the female
What describes reproductive isolation by altering the structure of the above
Elements of the female reproductive system
Elements of the last of the above
Type of ovariole where an egg forms in each one simultaneously
Name for the egg
What produces yolk for the egg
What is the process of yolk formation
What is the outer cellular shell of the egg
Other membrane around the egg
Where in the female is male sperm stored
What does the accessory gland secrete over the egg
Tubular structures in the above allow sperm access to the egg
Insects requiring a protein meal for maturation
Insects not requiring a protein meal for maturation
Insects which lay eggs
Insects which lay live young
Insects which lay mature larvae
Asexual mode of reproduction
What do unfertilised eggs become in eusocial insects
What genetic system does the above phenomenon characterise
Name for the insect exoskeleton
Elements of the aabove
Elements of the last of the above
Elements of the last of the above
What characterises the last of the above
What is the polymer of the cuticle
Alternative name for the above
What is the polymer arranged in
Rotation of successive layers with respect to each other
Type of linkage in the microfibrils
Process of microfibril linkage
Grooves in the epicuticle
Hairs, bristles and spines on the epicuticle
What forms the anchor pit of the above
Name for the plates of the body
Name for the dorsal plate
Name for the ventral plate
Name for the lateral plates
What is found in the joint between plates
Internal cuticle invaginations for muscle attachment
Term for moulting
Separation of cuticle and epidermis
What is secreted into the subcuticular space
What occurs next
What does the moulting gel now dissolve
Through what are breakdown products reabsorbed
What forms next
Process of breaking out of the old integument
Breaking point on the integument
Inflatable head sac used by diptera to break old integument
What part of the insect brain secretes neurohormones
Other hormone-secreting part of the insect brain
What does the above secrete
Other secretory element of the insect brain
What does the above secrete
What do the above by itself trigger
Respiratory opening on the body
In what structure is the above found
Elements of the ventilation system
Cuticular spiral supporting the tubes
Simple mode of ventilation
Ventilation method utiliising negative pressre
What does the above help counteract
Ventilation by pumping the body
Circulatory fluid of insects
Where does this reside
Specialised, immunlogical cell type in the fluid
Insects lack respiratory pigments side from those in what environments
Example species of the above
Where do the larvae of the above reside
What lie on the dorsal and ventral sides of the insect gut
What do they demarcate
By what means do they pump blood
Through what is the blood pumped
What is it pumped into
What is found in the extremities to help pump blod
Elements of the foregut
What forms the foregut
What is found at the proximal end of the midgut
What does this generate
What is the result of the above
Following on from this is a tube which secretes what over the food
Where are nutrients stored
What cell types comprise the above
What waste product does the above organ synthesise
Elements of the hindgut
What connects to the proximal end of the hindgut
What lines the rectum
What are the above composed of
Dehydrated form of faeces
Panarthropod clades
Arthropod clades
What do chelicerates have instead of antennae
Closest relatives of hexapods and crustaceans
Growth mode in the above
What is added in the above process
Lifecycle without metamorphosis
When did hexapods and crustaceans split
Divisions of the hexpoda
Divisions of the above
Growth mode in the latter two above
Divisions of the ectognatha
Divisions of the latter of the above
Tail structure in the above group
Pterygote division with nymphs
Lifecycle in the above
Pterygote division with pupation
Lifecycle in the above
Most primitive group of exopterygotes
Division of the above with same sized wings
Division with different sized wings
Division which can fold their wing vertically
Higher division of exopterygotes
Divisions of the above
In what group are the forewings halteres
When offspring consume the mother
Larvae with many limbs
Larvae with few limbs
Larvae with no limbs
`Species of insect with IR reception
What does with aid with
What event does egg laying follow
What did eyes evolve from
Two types of eye
What gives vertebrate eyes directionality
What gives insect eyes directionality
Elements making up the compound eye
Structure of the above
External component of the above structure
Internal component of the structure
Internal space within the tube
What is found in the inner surface of the tube
What do they comprise
What is located within this
Eye type where one lens corresponds to oen rhabdom
What does this type of eye excel at
Eye type where peripheral lenses can focus to one rhabdom
Under what conditions does this type excel
Simple compound eye with a single cuticle lens and multiple rhabdomss
Simple compound eye with a single lens and rhabdom
How do halteres beat relative to the wing
What acts on the base of the haltere
Structure used for pressure reception in antennae
Number of times tympanal ears have evolved in insects
Purposes of hearing
What adjusts frequency sensitivity in insect ears
High frequency sensitive membrane in grasshoppers
Transmission structure in cicadas
Mechanoreception organ at the base of antennae
What is the cell type in the above
What is the microstructural element in the above
Special rotatory antennae structure in rare fly ears
Direcctional hearing receptors in spiders
What is the above comparable to
Touch sensitive organs in spiders
Proprioception receptor in spider joints

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