Science Quiz / Geology 1 Term 2

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HintAnswer
Contact due to erosion or non deposition
where the contact is at an angle
where there is no different in angle
where there is no difference in angle or lithology
where the sediments overly igneous or metamophic rocks
local or total range of a taxon
range of one taxon in an evolutionary lineage
range between the firt and last appearances of two different taxa
range of multiple concurrent taxa
exceptional abundance on one taxon
smallest designated rock unit
the above make up what
the above make up what
the above make up what
map showing the bedrock geology
mape showing the unconsolidated deposits
hermatypic corals indicate what climatic conditions
tress with rings indicate what climatic conditions
entire leaf margins indicate what climatic conditions
serrate and lobed leaf margins indicate what climatic conditions
tillites indicate what climatic conditions
laterites and coal indicate what climatic conditions
oolite indicates what climatic conditions
evaporites indicate what climatic conditions
broad scale process of fossilisation
physical and chemical changes in a sediment during lithifaction
crystallisation of groundwater minerals in pores
crystallisation within a previously occupied cavity
fossils on an animal
fossils of interactions with the environment
chemical traces derived from biological activity
sites of exceptional preservation
more than two lineages sharing the same node
primitive feature for a clade
feature for some but not all of a clade
derived feature for a clade
type of mutation used by the molecular clock
archaeocyathans are from what period
locality in Nevada with the above group
Sponge group from mid Ordovician to Cretaceous
in the above, what do the organisms sit in
4 groups of cnidaria
 
 
 
name for the coral subclade
3 subdivisions of the above
 
 
mineral type used by the extinct groups
mineral type used by the extant group
Ocean formed in the Ediacaran
What rifted off Gondwana 485 Ma
What ocean did this produce
Collision of island arcs with Laurentia is what event
What group of rocks in Scotland did this produce
Collision of Avalonia with Baltica is what event
Thrust faulting in Scotland is what event
Collision of Avalonia with Laurentia is what event
The above events comprise what orogeny
What continent did which produce
Graptolites lie in what phylum
two divisions of graptolithinia
 
name for the graptolite colony
name for the stem of the colony
name for the chambers housing the polyps
what attaches colonies together
when the chambers are on one side of the stem
when they are on both sides
2 types of chamber in the dendroidea
 
HintAnswer
period in which the dendroidea lived
epoch in which the anisograptids lived
number of dichotomies in the above group
earliest group of graptoloids
which epochs do the above characterise
 
what species does the younger of the above lack
what epochs do the diplograptids characterise
 
 
 
Glaciation event at the end of the Ordovician
Major graptoloid group after the above event
brachiopods with CaCO3 shells
brachiopods with Ca(PO4)2 shells
which valve does the pedicle connect to
muscle forming this connection
muscle which closes the shell
muscle which opens the shell
meeting point of the shells
group with a zigzag commissure
three elements of the lophophore
 
 
arthropod clade to which trilobites belong
central lobe
the above is flanked by what lobes
name for the head
central structure of the above
name for the fixed cheeks
name for the free cheeks
the above meet at what structure
structure underneath the cephalon
name for the walking limb
name for the gill branch
name for moulted shells
what resides on the fixed cheeks
what are the above composed of
state where the margins of the above are merged
paedomorphic state where they are separate
4 life stages of trilobites
 
 
 
cold water South Gondwanan endemic fauna
major cephalopod group originating in the Devonian
frist craniates with modern teeth
temporal range of the above
 
first craniates with true bone
first craniates with paired pectoral fins
first craniates with a differentiated stomach
first craniates with a mineralised neurocranium
first craniates with heterocercal tails
other major evolutionary innovation of the above
first gnathostomes
other major evolutionary innovation of the above
earliest reptile group
which ocean closed during the Carboniferous
which ocean formed during the Carboniferous
which continent formed during the Carboniferous
playa lake formation from the early Permian
what lay to the west of the lake
trangressive evaporite formation from the late Permian
lacustrine formation from the early Triassic
early Triassic marine formation
mid Triassic marine formation (not seen in UK)
late Triassic marine formation
end Triassic to early Jurassic marine formation
shallow marine mid Jurassic formation
deep marine mid Jurassic formation
shallow marine early Cretaceous formation
HintAnswer
terrestrial early Cretaceous formation
marine middle Cretaeous formations
 
marine late Cretaceous formation
name for the beak of the shell in bivalves
what shows the extent of the soft tissue
what shows the position of the siphon
condition of the adductors in burrowing species
condition of the adductors in epifaunal species
condition of the adductors in recumbent and swimming species
cephalopod group from Cambrian to recent
cephalopod group from Devonian to Cretaceous
cephalopod group from Devonian to recent
state of the shell in ammonoids
state of the shell in nautiloids
simple suture type
intermediate suture type
complex suture type
internal shell of belemnites
the above sits in what structure
horny projection from the dorsal portion of the internal shell
change in shape due to an applied force
fault where alpha 1 is vertical
fault where alpha 2 is vertical
fault where alpha 3 is vertical
horizontal component of a fault
vertical component of a fault
diagonal component of a fault
fault rocks types from less than 4km depth
 
maximum % of matrix in the above
fault rock types from 4-15km depth
 
minimum % of matrix in the above
lineations from mineral fibre growth
fault rock type formed below 15km depth
what youngs outwards
what youngs inwards
5 categores of fold tightness
 
 
 
 
6 types of hinge shape
 
 
 
 
 
4 types of fold inclination
 
 
 
fold class where the dip isogons fan outwards
...where the dip isogons form obtuse angles
...where the dip isogons are perpendicular to the beds
...where the dip isogons form acute angles
fold class where the dip isogons are parallel
fold class where the dip isogons fan inwards
typical hade of normal faults
the Wernicke model describe what type of fault
constraining bend produce what
releasing bend produces what
oldest rock group on Arran
Major Devonian formation on Arran
epochs which show cyclothems on Arran
 
 
Major Triassic formation on Arran
formation formed 50 - 60 Ma in UK
what ocean formed at the same time as the above

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