Science Quiz / Diversity of Life Term 1

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5 lines of evidence for evolution
 
 
 
 
speciation with a geographical mating barrier
speciation with a premating barrier
effect where small populations suffer high gene loss
two means of instant speciation
 
three domains of life
 
 
which of the above are more closely related
 
which prokaryote domain uses L glycerol
which prokaryote domain uses D glycerol
primary dye used in Gram test
counterstain used in Gram test
prefix for a pair of bacteria
prefix for a cluster of bacteria
prefix for a chain of bacteria
suffix for a rod shape
suffix for a bent rod shape
suffix for a spherical shape
suffix for a spiral shape
three modes of lateral gene transfer
 
 
which of the above requires a sex pilus and F plasmid
which requires the cell to be competent
which requires a bacteriophage
two explanations for eukaryote origins
 
cyanobacterial cell for nitrogen fixation
enzyme for nitrogen fixation
cyanobacterial cell for nutrient storage
primary endosymbiosis in which groups
secondary endosymbiosis in which groups
 
tertiary endosymbiosis in which groups
 
which group have mostly lost their plastids
glaucophytes comprise which groups
 
chromalveolates comprise which groups
 
2 parts of the cell wall in dinoflagellates
 
what are the above structures made of
2 parts of the cell wall in diatoms
 
what are the above structures made of
starch is stored in the 'blank' in the chloroplast
karyokinesis without cytokinesis produce a 'blank' cell
sheets of algal cells with plasmodesmata are 'blank'
the peg-like structure in haptophytes
algae covered in calcareous coccoliths
fucoids and laminarians comprise what group
name for the holdfast in both groups
name for the stem in both groups
name for the gas bladders in fucoids
name for reproductive structures in fucoids
trumpet shaped cells in laminarians
bacterial communities on frond surfaces
nature of the thylakoids in rhodophytes
'blank' starch used by rhodophytes
2 groups of excavates
 
2 groups of chromalveolates
 
alternative name for the amoebas
2 subgroups of the above
 
alternative name for the unikonts
three theories for metazoan origins
 
 
closest relatives of the metazoans
cavity in sponges
HintAnswer
opening of the above
4 cell types in sponges
 
 
 
non cellular middel layer of sponges
cellular, outer layer of sponge
3 body forms of sponges
 
 
name for asexual reproductive choanocytes
sessile form of cnidarians
motile form of cnidarians
cellular, outer layer of cnidarians
cellular, inner layer of cnidarians
non cellular, middle layer of cnidarians
cell type unique to cnidarians
name for the trigger organelle of the above
name for the sharp, venomous organelle
how many cell layers in platyhelminth embryos
are platyhelminths coelomate or acoelomate
protonephridia contain what cell type
the above is composed of what two interdigitated cell types
 
three groups of platyhelminthes
 
 
2 trematode subgroups
 
developmental stage of monogenea
3 developmental stages of digenea
 
 
3 developmental stages of cestodes
 
 
how many cell layers in nematodes
are nematodes coelomate or pseudocoelomate
what is lacking from the above structure
the hypoderm excretes what structure
number of nerve chords in nematodes
are annelids coelomate or pseudocoelomate
anterior portion of annelids
posterior portion of annelids
3 elements of the nephridial excretory system
 
 
3 groups of annelids
 
 
upper branch of parapodia
lower branch of parapodia
sedentary form of sessile polychaetes
motile form of sessile polychaetes
metamorphosis of atoke to epitoke is 'blank'
splitting of atoke to produce epitoke is 'blank'
number of segmental ganglia in hirudineans
which form of parthenogenesis is more common, obligate or cyclical
viridaeplantae comprise which two groups
 
type of lifecycle in charophytes
meta and microgametangia produce what respectively
 
type of lifecycle in embryophytes
name for the haploid form
name for the diploid form
3 groups of bryophytes
 
 
specialised form of meta and microgametangia
 
what grows from the gametophyte stem
3 forms of branching in tracheophytes
 
 
name for a single vascular tube
name for bundles of vascular tubes around a pith
advanced arrangement of vascular tubes
clusters of sporangia lower euphyllophytes
deposition of a cambrium around the pith produces 'blank'
HintAnswer
the above causes what two phenomena
 
sporangiophores and sporophyll tissue make up what strucutre
the cone shaped structure which houses the above
state where spores are the same size
different sized spores in same sporangium
different sized spores in separate sporangia
name for large spores
structure which houses the above
name for small spores
structure which houses the above
modified megasporangium in spermatophytes
5 groups of spermatophytes
 
 
 
 
2 types of female structures in angiosperms
 
many present in some angiosperms, few ovules in each
just one in some angiosperms, many ovules in it
3 elements of the above two structures
 
 
name for the male structure
2 elements of the above structure
 
name for the ring of petals
name for the ring of sepals
name for the above two structures combined
what does the pollen tube penetrate in the ovule
what are fertilised in double fertilisation
 
what nourishes the embryo sporophyte
what is the ploidy of the above structure
presentation of stamens and carpels at different times
polymorphisms in the styles
sexual polymorphism in plants
2 stem types in leaf succulents
 
2 types of division in yeast-like fungi
 
what do coenocytic hyphae lack
name for asexual spores in fungi
the above are stored in what structures
name for water moulds
diploid form of the above group
haploid form of the above group
name for diploid spore-producing structures
name for haploid spore-producing structures
name for pin moulds
name for a sporangium on a stalk
acid used to join together two hyphae
reproductive structure produced by hyphal fusion
the above contains a single 'blank'
name for self fertile mating types
name for different, fertile mating types
name for sac fungi
group whose cells contain two genetically different nuclei
structures which block septa in fragmented hyphae
thick walled, intracellular survival spores
name for diploid spores
the above are contained in what structures
name for the fruiting body in which the above reside
name for the tube extended by female hyphae to male hyphae
hypha containing male and female nuclei
structure which isolates a male/female pair
group with no specialised ascocarp
group with spherical ascocarp
name for the sperical ascocarp
group with a flattened ascocarp
group with a flask-shaped ascocarp
name for the flask-shaped ascocarp
name for lichen propagules
name for the most advanced group of fungi
name for the fruiting body in the above group
name for the stem of the above
name for the cap
the above supports what structures
the above support what structures

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