History Quiz / Most Important Battles in History

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Can you name the Most Important Battles in History?

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Year: OutcomeBattle
1942-1943: Soviet forces score a decisive victory over Nazi invaders in this major turning point of World War II.
31 BC: Naval battle where Octavian defeated a combined fleet of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII; Instrumental in the change from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire.
1260: Muslim Mamluks defeat Mongols in Galilee; Marked the high-water point of Mongol conquest.
751: Abbasid Muslim victory over the Tang Dynasty; Marked high-water point of Chinese expansion westward into central Asia.
1071: Seljuk Turk victory over Byzantine forces in modern day Turkey; Sparked process of Turkification in Byzantine Anatolia.
202 BC: Final battle of the Second Punic War where Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal on Carthaginian soil.
331 BC: Alexander the Great defeats a Persian force under Darius III; Lead to the fall of the Persian Empire.
1777: Colonial Americans defeat the British, convincing the French to aid the Americans in the American War of Independence.
9: Germanic tribes destroy three Roman legions under Varus, effectively ending Roman presence in Germania.
1415: The effectiveness of the longbow is seen in this English victory over the French during the Hundreds Years War.
480 BC: Naval battle where the Greeks destroy larger Persian fleet; Ends Persian conquests in Greece forever.
1914: French and British armies stop German advance in this major World War I battle. Resulted in a protracted, two-front war in which Germany was not suited.
1529: Ottomans turned back after a century of conquest in Europe.
1940: Air campaign where the Royal Air Force defeats the Luftwaffe, causing Hitler to postpone his invasion of the United Kingdom (Operation Sea Lion).
207 BC: Hannibal’s brother Hasdrubal Barca is defeated by the Romans, therefore cutting off Hannibal from the reinforcements he needed to sack Rome.
Year: OutcomeBattle
624: Muhammad scores a victory over Mecca, cementing his authority as a Muslim leader and sparking the expansion of Islam.
1813: Napoleon is decisively defeated for the first time by a coalition of European states, forced to return to France.
1948-1949: Communist forces of Mao Zedong destroy Republic of China troops of Chiang Kai Shek during the Chinese Civil War, ensuring a Communist China.
312: Constantine defeats Maxentius, ending the Tetrarchy and marking his conversion to Christianity.
1942: The United States Navy sinks four Japanese carriers, turning the tide in the Pacific Theater of World War II.
732: Charles Martel and the Franks defeat an army of the Umayyad Caliphate. Established Frankish power in Western Europe and preserved Christianity.
1805: Horatio Nelson wins a decisive naval victory during the Napoleonic War. Ensured British naval superiority for the duration of the conflict.
1905: This Japanese naval victory over the Russians ushered in an era of electronic warfare.
1187: Saladin leads his Muslim forces to decisive victory over the Christian Crusaders, allowing the Muslims to recapture Jerusalem, sparking the Third Crusade.
1916: In this World War I naval battle between British and German battleships, the Germans failed to eliminate British dominance of the seas.
717-718: The failure of this prolonged siege by the Umayyad Caliphate ended Muslim advances into Europe and guaranteed the survival of the Byzantine Empire.
1066: This battle marked the conclusion of the Norman conquest of England by William the Conqueror.
490 BC: This decisive land battle was a Greek victory that ended the first invasion of Greece by the Persians.
1863: The Union Army under Meade defeats a Confederate Army under Lee, marking the high-water mark of the Confederacy.
1526: This northern Indian battle between Babur’s troops and the Lodi Empire marks the beginning of the Mughal Empire.

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