Science Quiz / Water and Sodium Disorders

Random Science Quiz

Can you name the Water and Sodium Disorders?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Score 0/31 Timer 20:00
QuestionAnswerExtra Info
What is the treatment for central DI?nasal spray
Hypernatremia is defined as plasma sodium above:
Thrist is stimulated when serum osmolarity rises above _______ mOsm/kg
Condition where renal tubules do not respond normally to ADH
Loss of potassium from EFC causes movement of potassium___ of the ICF
Decreased ADH production due to a primary increase in water intake in psychogenic (primary) polydipsia induces
Ingestion of hypertonic NaCl or sodium bicarbonate can lead to this:
Rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia may casue
Where does demyelination occur in osmotic demyelination?
Hyponatremia is a plasma sodium concentration of less than
_______ secretion is stimulated in conditions of volume depletion or hypertonicity, causing water to be reabsorbed and a concentrated urine to be excreted
What is the treatment for nephrogenic DI?
What is the treatment for psychogenic (primary) polydipsia?Manage psychiatric disorder and avoid drugs that cause dry mouth
Hypoosmolarity is a serum osmolarity of less than:mOsm/kg
An elderly patient with diminished mental status has an infection. What is their likely sodium status?
THis provides the ultimate protection against hypernatremia
_______ is suppressed in conditions of hypotonicity, causing a dilute urine
A condition that reflects the inability of the kidneys to handle the excretion of free water to match oral intake
Do not increase plasma sodium concentration more than _____ mEq/L/day
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate secretion of ADH), or hypothyroidism
Acute hyponatremia can cause death from the effects of
CNS effects in hypernatremia are due to:
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of chronic congestive heart failure, portal hypertension or nephrotic syndrome
This condition is usually the result of severe hyperglycemia, which causes a dillutional effect by shifting water out of the ICF
Polyuria is defined as an output of > ____ L/day
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of contracted ECF volume from diarrhea, vomiting, etc
In diabetes insipidus this is the additional symptom in hypernatremia
What is the mechanism for hypernatremia in diabetes insipidus?
The most common cause of acute hyponatremia is
In hypernatremia correct ___% of the water deficit in the first 12-24 hours

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments


Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.