Miscellaneous Quiz / Financial Management Definitions

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Can you name the Financial Management Definitions?

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Written contract with a promise to pay a specific sum at a specific time; given to firms with no credit or a bad credit rating
Organizations that make short-term loans to borrowers who offer tangible assets as collateral. They usually accept higher risk companies but charge higher interest rates.
That the greater the risk a lender takes in making a loan, the higher the interest rate required.
Line of credit guaranteed by the bank. Usually a fee is charged for this.
Practice of buying goods and services now and paying for them them later. A percentage discount is often offered for early payment.
Bonds not backed by collateral
Given amount of unsecured borrowed sum of money a bank will lend to a business. May increase if credit rating improves and/or business grows.
Corporate certificate indicating that a person has lent money to a firm. Company issuing these is legally bound to make regular interest payments to investors and repay entire prin
Reserve account in which bond issuer periodically retires some part of the principal prior to maturity so enough capital will be accumulated by the maturity date to pay off the bon
Exact date that the issuer of bonds must pay the principal back to the bondholder(s).
Provide loans of 3-7yrs on average but may be up to 20yrs. Debt from loans by these is tax deductible.
Financial plan that sets for the management’s expectation and allocates specific use of resources throughout the firm on the basis of those expectations
A small loan from a close relation willing to finance the business. Best to avoid these.
The job of managing a firm’s resources so it can meet its goals and objectives
Function in a business that acquires funs for the firm and manages those funds within a firm
Bonds backed by tangible collateral.
Predicts revenues, costs and expenses for a period of one year or less
Provide loans for businesses. Often reluctant to provide loans to small firms unless they seem promising and well organized. Close contact after the loan is issued is also helpful
Process where a firm compares actual revenues, costs, etc. with the projected ones
Borrowed funds needed for a period of longer than one year
Sum of borrowed money backed by something valuable, such as property or assets. Failure to pay will result in lender taking control of the collateral.
Promissory note that requires the borrower to repay the loan in specified instalments.
Goal is to optimize the firm’s profitability and make the best use of its money
Estimates a firm’s projected cash inflows and outflows, used to plan for any cash shortages or surpluses during a given period
Predicts cash inflows and outflows in future periods based on expected costs, revenues and expenses
Large organizations that invest their own funds or the funds of others
Highlights a firm’s spending plans for major asset purchases that often require large sums of money
Borrowed funds needed for one year or less
Sum of borrowed money not backed by specific assets. Usually only given to established, reliable firm.
People who make recommendations to top executives regarding strategies for improving the financial strength of a firm
Unsecured promissory notes of $100k or more that mature in 365 days or less. Only large firms with good credit can sell them; a good investment opportunity for small firms with exc
Funds raised through operations within the firm of through sale of ownership in the firm
Predicts revenues, costs and expenses for a period longer than one year, sometimes as long as 5-10 years into the future
Can be used to make purchases and pay back at a later date. Charge large amount of interest and should only be used as a last resort.
Ties together all of a firm’s budgets. The projections of dollar allocations to various costs and expenses needed to operate the business given the projected revenues.
Process of selling accounts receivable for cash
Funds raised through various forms of borrowing that must be repaid

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