Science Quiz / Block 7a Cardio

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Can you name the Block 7a Cardio?

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LDL guideline for Diabetic
Channel blocked: Class III
Regional wall motion during stress in CAD ischemia
Ductus dependent? TAPVC
Pulm veins don't connect to LA; innominate veins
ACEI, ARB - indicated for HTN + ?
ACEI cough and angioedema due to?
Small-vessel vasculitis with lung/kidney involvement
Syndrome leading to chordal rupture
Spike-and-Dome Bisferians arterial pulse
Every ? mmHg double risk for stroke
Which hypertrophy: ASD
Leads I and aVL are which wall?
MCC acquired mitral stenosis
Small, warty, tan vegetations along closure of valve
pulse pressure normally ? with age
Take hydralazine, what test might be +?
MVP click closer to S1 or S2 with inc preload
Standard Lead with negative QRS
Hypertrophy with LBBB and low voltage
Channel blocked: Class IV
Vasculitis: inflammation at adventitia-media jcn
Layer of vessel affected by Dissection
Improves outcomes when added post MI
Tx recommended for primary VF?
Drug to keep PDA open?
Triple apical impulse and palpable S4
Wide and fixed splitting of S2
Na channel blocker: inc refractory period
Vasculitis: C-ANCA
Effect on EF: digoxin
Vascular tumor w/ arsenic, vinyl chloride, thorotrast
Sign of impaired early filling due to volume overload
Monitor lung, thyroid, liver, eyes
Which is worse: VT or AIVR?
Chronic mitral stenosis leads to dilation of?
tall P wave > 2.5mm
Sx: rash, fever, carditis, polyarthritis, chorea
Obligate R->L shunt at atrial septum, dep on VSD
Bulky friable vegetations extending to valve cords
RSR' in V5 or V6
Effect on afterload: ACE inhibitor
Aschoff bodes are characteristic of?
LV pressure in diastole = which pressure
Roth spots, Osler's nodes, Janeway lesions, Splinter hemorrhages
Name ending for PDE inhibitor
EKG: Accessory pathway with antegrade conduction
Crescendo-Decrescendo systolic murmur
MC form of childhood systemic vasculitis
Channel imp for depol of SA node
Channel imp for depol of ventricular myocytes
Inverted P wave - which atrial pacemaker
Drug inducing inverted T waves
Calcium sensitizing agent
Sign of impaired late filling due to pressure overload
Decreased pulse in beat after ectopic beat
THIAZ, ACEI - indicated for HTN + ?
no pre-systolic accentuation in mitral stenosis during?
Equalization of elevated intracardiac pressures - impairment of ?
Sm-Med vegetations on both sides
Classical exam finding in pericarditis
2 day old with cyanosis, CHF, shock suggests?
HCM - effect on intensity of standing/valsalva
Activated histiocytes assoc w/ rheumatic fever
Axis deviation -30 to -90
Ductus dependent? Transposition of great arteries
Interaction w/nitrates: inc plasma conc
Electrolyte imbalance that inc digitalis toxicity
Vascular tumor w/ lymphedema or after radiation
Sm-Med red vegetations along line of closure
MC adult heart tumor
Asymmpotomatic young male athletes with ST elevation in many leads
Hypoxia leads to higher ? inside cells
Major mediator of microvascular vasodilation and increased CBF
Leads II, III, and aVF are which wall?
Diffuse ST elevation with PR depression
Exaggerated inspiratory drop in SBP > 10mmHg
IE organism: IVDA
Atrial waveform: Rapid early filling of RV/LV
Heart defect often due to congenital rubella
Pt with Multifocal Atrial Tachycardia also have
Ex of endothelin receptor antagonist
No fusion of the cusps (aortic stenosis)
Pericardial knock
Name ending for CCBs
Ig assoc w/ Henoch-Schonlein purpura
Acute vasculitis of coronary arteries
Maximal coronary blood flow in?
Interaction w/ nitrates: inc nitro conc
SCD recurrence higher in?
Ideal systolic BP
Decrease slope of phase 4 depolarization
Worst CHF prognosis: high serum?
Cardiomyopathy presenting with systolic CHF
Aortic aneurysm assoc w/ ?
Sawtooth waves on EKG
Fusion of the cusps (aortic stenosis)
MCC out-of-hostpital SCD
Nitro c/i with?
MVP click closer to S1 or S2 with anxiety
IE organism: colon cancer
Tx: Transposition of Great Arteries
Tx for strawberry hemangioma
Necrotizing vasculitis, granulomas in lung, glomerulonephritis
Endothelial injury -> monocyte adhesion ->?
LAD and R (V5/V6) + S (V1/V2) > 35mm
Inherited cause of AV Re-Entrant Tachycardia
Rheumatic fever - inflammatory process after infection with?
Causes restenosis after angioplasty
MC type of VSD
Vasculitis: young male smokes heavily
Granuloma w/ giant cells assoc w/ rheumatic fever
Diastolic rumble after opening snap
Inherited cause of tall R wave in V1/V2 (not WPW)
P-mitrale aka bifid P wave
Cardiac specific CCB:
Same effect of standing in HCM and?
Impairment of diastolic filling due to abrupt fluid accumulation
LVH leads to ? dysfunction
Mech: Stop Na/K ATPase to + intropy
long PR interval > ? sec
SE: reflex tachycardia and drug-induced lupus
Rx: Convert SVT to NSR; half life less than 10s
Valve dz assoc w/ rheumatic fever
MC location for aortic aneurysms
Lab to dx CHF
RSR' in V1 or V2
Tx: Prinzmetal angina
Myxomatous degeneration
Opening snap
Infectious indirect cause of aortic insufficiency
Effect on PR interval: BB, CCB, Dig, Amiodarone
CABG or PCI? Diabetic
Diastolic phase with most filling
Axis deviation +90 to 180
Worst prognosis in aortic stenosis
BB, ACEI - indicated for HTN + ?
CHF therapy that dec sudden death
Greater contractility and preload after PVC are called
Cardiomyopathy with dilated atria
Improve CP of pericarditis by?
Cardiomyopathy with pulsus alternans
IE organism: native but previous damaged/abnml valve
Vasculitis: assoc w/ hepatitis B
Sx: palpable purpura on butt/legs, arthralgia, GI
Cause of paroxysmal atrial tachycardia with block (PAT)
Na channel blocker: dec refractory period
Virus assoc w/ kaposi's sarcoma
Stage 1 HTN initial tx?
MC pediatric heart tumor
What % has no more coronary flow reserve
Na channel blocker: slow rate of binding
Vasculitis: spectrum of histiologic changes
Name ending for K channel openers
Angina tx: reduce O2 demands, indirectly increase O2 supply
Chest leads V5, V6 are which wall?
Rheumatic fever - antibodies to which proteins?
Digitalis Toxicity: cant dialyze so give?
Left to right AND right to left shunt with cyanosis
Syndrome assoc w/ cystic medial degeneration
Young Asian female with 'pulseless dz'
PCWP is an estimate of which pressure?
MC congenital cardiac anomaly causing death in neonate
'Boringly regular' wide complex tachycardia
Interaction w/ nitrates: increased clearance
systolic BP in hypertensive crisis
MCC holosystolic murmur
MC congenital heart defect presenting in adults
VSD: likelihood of spontaneous closure before age?
Drug to close PDA?
Electrolyte imbalance leading to Torsades
Radiological sign: double barrel aorta
MCC chronic mitral regurgitation
Triad: Inc JVP (steep x), low BP, quiet heart
Vasculitis: inflammation at intima-media jcn
VSD: risk of irreversible pulmonary HTN after age?
Wide pulse pressure and bounding pulse with LVH
Minutes for myocardial necrosis to start
Mech: increase CBF, reduce MVO2
Systolic BP b/t stage I and II HTN
pulsus paradoxus
Improve lifespan: ARBs, BB and?
Which hypertrophy: Aortic stenosis
'shaggy' fibrinous adhesions covering epicardial and pericardial surfaces
Dissection or aneurysm: assoc w/ HTN
IE organism: prosthetic valve
ACEI, ARB, and BB - indicated for HTN+?
Interaction of nitrates with acetylcysteine
Mech: Inc cGMP and open K channels
Pulsus tardus et parvus
small box = ? sec
MC type of ASD
MCC secondary HTN
Q wave wide than 0.04s is considered?
Name an aldosterone blocker
Angina tx: reduce O2 demands, increase O2 supply
RAD and Tall R in V1/V2 > 5mm

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Created Aug 26, 2012ReportFavoriteNominate
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