Science Quiz / Block 7a Cardio

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Can you name the Block 7a Cardio?

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QuestionAnswerNotes
IE organism: native but previous damaged/abnml valve
Bulky friable vegetations extending to valve cords
Rx: Convert SVT to NSR; half life less than 10s
tall P wave > 2.5mm
Decreased pulse in beat after ectopic beat
Pulm veins don't connect to LA; innominate veins
Classical exam finding in pericarditis
Effect on PR interval: BB, CCB, Dig, Amiodarone
Name ending for PDE inhibitor
systolic BP in hypertensive crisis
Standard Lead with negative QRS
VSD: likelihood of spontaneous closure before age?
Fusion of the cusps (aortic stenosis)
Wide and fixed splitting of S2
Vasculitis: young male smokes heavily
Pt with Multifocal Atrial Tachycardia also have
Effect on afterload: ACE inhibitor
Sign of impaired early filling due to volume overload
Triad: Inc JVP (steep x), low BP, quiet heart
Ductus dependent? TAPVC
MCC out-of-hostpital SCD
MC congenital heart defect presenting in adults
Channel blocked: Class III
Chronic mitral stenosis leads to dilation of?
MCC chronic mitral regurgitation
Interaction w/nitrates: inc plasma conc
Improves outcomes when added post MI
MC congenital cardiac anomaly causing death in neonate
Mech: Stop Na/K ATPase to + intropy
Na channel blocker: inc refractory period
Small, warty, tan vegetations along closure of valve
LAD and R (V5/V6) + S (V1/V2) > 35mm
Axis deviation +90 to 180
Drug to close PDA?
Cardiac specific CCB:
Granuloma w/ giant cells assoc w/ rheumatic fever
RAD and Tall R in V1/V2 > 5mm
Ductus dependent? Transposition of great arteries
THIAZ, ACEI - indicated for HTN + ?
Effect on EF: digoxin
Drug to keep PDA open?
Every ? mmHg double risk for stroke
Causes restenosis after angioplasty
Obligate R->L shunt at atrial septum, dep on VSD
(AO-RA)/CO
MVP click closer to S1 or S2 with anxiety
CHF therapy that dec sudden death
Infectious indirect cause of aortic insufficiency
Syndrome leading to chordal rupture
ACEI, ARB - indicated for HTN + ?
Diastolic rumble after opening snap
Chest leads V5, V6 are which wall?
Stage 1 HTN initial tx?
MCC of SCD
Hypoxia leads to higher ? inside cells
Maximal coronary blood flow in?
Left to right AND right to left shunt with cyanosis
MVP click closer to S1 or S2 with inc preload
Dissection or aneurysm: assoc w/ HTN
Name ending for K channel openers
Monitor lung, thyroid, liver, eyes
Equalization of elevated intracardiac pressures - impairment of ?
IE organism: prosthetic valve
Activated histiocytes assoc w/ rheumatic fever
VSD: risk of irreversible pulmonary HTN after age?
Young Asian female with 'pulseless dz'
LV pressure in diastole = which pressure
QuestionAnswerNotes
Electrolyte imbalance that inc digitalis toxicity
Aschoff bodes are characteristic of?
Exaggerated inspiratory drop in SBP > 10mmHg
Angina tx: reduce O2 demands, indirectly increase O2 supply
HCM - effect on intensity of standing/valsalva
Ig assoc w/ Henoch-Schonlein purpura
MC type of VSD
Interaction of nitrates with acetylcysteine
Tx for strawberry hemangioma
MC adult heart tumor
Decrease slope of phase 4 depolarization
Na channel blocker: dec refractory period
Cause of paroxysmal atrial tachycardia with block (PAT)
Which hypertrophy: ASD
MC pediatric heart tumor
Name ending for CCBs
small box = ? sec
Syndrome assoc w/ cystic medial degeneration
Heart defect often due to congenital rubella
ACEI cough and angioedema due to?
Pericardial knock
Axis deviation -30 to -90
Improve lifespan: ARBs, BB and?
Hypertrophy with LBBB and low voltage
RSR' in V5 or V6
'shaggy' fibrinous adhesions covering epicardial and pericardial surfaces
Regional wall motion during stress in CAD ischemia
MC form of childhood systemic vasculitis
Lab to dx CHF
'Boringly regular' wide complex tachycardia
long PR interval > ? sec
Spike-and-Dome Bisferians arterial pulse
CABG or PCI? Diabetic
PCWP is an estimate of which pressure?
Vasculitis: inflammation at adventitia-media jcn
EKG: Accessory pathway with antegrade conduction
Which is worse: VT or AIVR?
Sawtooth waves on EKG
LVH leads to ? dysfunction
Minutes for myocardial necrosis to start
Virus assoc w/ kaposi's sarcoma
Myxomatous degeneration
Sm-Med vegetations on both sides
ACEI, ARB, and BB - indicated for HTN+?
MC type of ASD
Tx: Transposition of Great Arteries
Vasculitis: assoc w/ hepatitis B
Greater contractility and preload after PVC are called
Vasculitis: inflammation at intima-media jcn
Interaction w/ nitrates: inc nitro conc
Channel blocked: Class IV
Cardiomyopathy with pulsus alternans
Impairment of diastolic filling due to abrupt fluid accumulation
Small-vessel vasculitis with lung/kidney involvement
2 day old with cyanosis, CHF, shock suggests?
Nitro c/i with?
Inherited cause of AV Re-Entrant Tachycardia
MCC acquired mitral stenosis
MC location for aortic aneurysms
Acute vasculitis of coronary arteries
pulse pressure normally ? with age
Radiological sign: double barrel aorta
Calcium sensitizing agent
Mech: Inc cGMP and open K channels
Digitalis Toxicity: cant dialyze so give?
Rheumatic fever - antibodies to which proteins?
Tx recommended for primary VF?
QuestionAnswerNotes
MCC secondary HTN
Worst prognosis in aortic stenosis
Sx: palpable purpura on butt/legs, arthralgia, GI
Leads II, III, and aVF are which wall?
Ideal systolic BP
Inverted P wave - which atrial pacemaker
LDL guideline for Diabetic
IE organism: colon cancer
no pre-systolic accentuation in mitral stenosis during?
Endothelial injury -> monocyte adhesion ->?
Roth spots, Osler's nodes, Janeway lesions, Splinter hemorrhages
Channel imp for depol of ventricular myocytes
SE: reflex tachycardia and drug-induced lupus
Same effect of standing in HCM and?
Crescendo-Decrescendo systolic murmur
Sx: rash, fever, carditis, polyarthritis, chorea
Major mediator of microvascular vasodilation and increased CBF
IE organism: IVDA
Which hypertrophy: Aortic stenosis
Q wave wide than 0.04s is considered?
Aortic aneurysm assoc w/ ?
Vascular tumor w/ lymphedema or after radiation
Sign of impaired late filling due to pressure overload
No fusion of the cusps (aortic stenosis)
pulsus paradoxus
Interaction w/ nitrates: increased clearance
Pulsus tardus et parvus
Tx: Prinzmetal angina
Atrial waveform: Rapid early filling of RV/LV
Ex of endothelin receptor antagonist
Inherited cause of tall R wave in V1/V2 (not WPW)
BB, ACEI - indicated for HTN + ?
Layer of vessel affected by Dissection
Valve dz assoc w/ rheumatic fever
Worst CHF prognosis: high serum?
Wide pulse pressure and bounding pulse with LVH
Cardiomyopathy presenting with systolic CHF
Diastolic phase with most filling
Vasculitis: spectrum of histiologic changes
MCC holosystolic murmur
Electrolyte imbalance leading to Torsades
Rheumatic fever - inflammatory process after infection with?
P-mitrale aka bifid P wave
Opening snap
Drug inducing inverted T waves
Mech: increase CBF, reduce MVO2
Vasculitis: C-ANCA
Asymmpotomatic young male athletes with ST elevation in many leads
(PA-LA)/CO
RSR' in V1 or V2
Improve CP of pericarditis by?
Leads I and aVL are which wall?
Vascular tumor w/ arsenic, vinyl chloride, thorotrast
Necrotizing vasculitis, granulomas in lung, glomerulonephritis
What % has no more coronary flow reserve
Systolic BP b/t stage I and II HTN
Channel imp for depol of SA node
Angina tx: reduce O2 demands, increase O2 supply
Name an aldosterone blocker
Cardiomyopathy with dilated atria
Na channel blocker: slow rate of binding
SCD recurrence higher in?
Take hydralazine, what test might be +?
Triple apical impulse and palpable S4
Diffuse ST elevation with PR depression
Sm-Med red vegetations along line of closure

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Created Aug 26, 2012ReportNominate
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