History Quiz / US History Terms 1795-1865

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Can you name the US History Terms 1795-1865?

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Definition
A system of manufacture that assigns specific and repetitive tasks to each worker. Although it improved productivity, it eroded workers' control and sense of achievement.
A structure first built by manufacturers in the early 1800s to concentrate all aspects of production in one location.
A term used in the 1800s to refer to a skilled craftsman and inventor who built and improved machinery and machine tools for industry.
Is known as the Father of American factory system because he brought British textile technology to America.
Abolished slavery in the constitution.
The first womens rights convention held in 1848. Principal author of the document was Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
Allowed all men to vote no matter what race they were.
Took young women from their farms and sent them to work in factories.
Cutting, boring, and drilling machines used to produce standardized metal parts that were assembled into products like sewing machines.
Paper money issued by the US Treasury during the Civil War to finance the war effort.
Opposed further immigration and mounted an assault on foreign-born residents.
An ideology that celebrated small scale producers, men and women who owned their own shops (or farms) and defined the ideal republican society as one constituted by, and dedicated
The belief that human labor produces value. Argued that the price of a product should be determined by not by the market (supply and demand) but by the amout of work required to ma
Major technological feat that allowed trade to travel from New York to Chicago.
A 19th century ideal that celebrated men who rose to wealth or social prominance from humble origins through self discipline, hard work, and temperate habits.
Lincoln announced that all slaves would be set free in the Confederate States of America if the states did not rejoin the union.
Gave heads of families or individuals age twenty-one or older the title to 160 acres of public land after five years of residence
Allow Blacks to become citizens in the constitution.
A legal writ forcing government authorities to justify their arrest and detention of an individual.
American nurse who founded the Red Cross.
Forced every male citizen and immigrants who had filled for citizenship between the ages of 20 and 45 to sign up for the civil war.
Civil unrest in New York City due to the Enrollment Act of 1863
When no presidential candidate whens a majority vote and the election is put into the hands of the house of representatives.
The power of elected officials to grant government jobs.
The widespread award of public jobs to political supporters following an electoral victory.
French author of two books that talked about the rising equality of social conditions on the individual.
Collection of unofficial advisors that helped Andrew Jackson.
A method used to protect the northern states which were being run out of business by low priced imported goods.
Idea stating that a state convention could declare federal laws unconstitutional if they were seen to overstep Congressional powers.
Authorized the president to use military force to compel South Carolina to obey national laws.
Cherokee, Creek, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Seminole
Leader of the Sauk and Fox tribes that tried to stay on their land during the Indian Removal Act which bribed indians into moving off their land.
John Marshall denied the Cherokee's claim of independence.
In this court case John Marshall stated that Indian nations were 'distinct political communities, having territorial boundaries, within which their authority is exclusive and this
The political ideology, dominant in England and the United States during the nineteenth century, that celebrated individual liberty, private property, a competitive market economy,
A political party in the United States that began after Andrew Jackson's presidency. The party dissolved over conflicts about whether or not to extend slavery to the territories.
Definition
Began with the end of the second american bank ended by Andrew Jackson.
Began a new religious movement called the Latter Day Saint
New religious group started in Northwestern New York by Joseph Smith and would eventually be moved out of the country to Utah by Brigham Young
Took over the mormons when Joseph Smith was killed.
Large slave rebellion that was unable to happen because of leaked plans.
After escaping slavery he became an abolitionist leader. Northern americans found it difficult that such a great orator had been a slave.
Led a slave rebellion in Virginia that led to 55 whites being killed.
Very spiritual and religious women who worked for the abolition movement and womens rights.
African American women who escaped slavery and would return on the underground railroad to help many other slaves escape to freedom.
A prominent american abolitionist who was best known for his writings in The Liberator.
American women who supported abolitionist and wrote a document on womens rights at the first womens rights convention.
Large figure in the womens sufferage movement. Co-founded the first womens temperance movement.
Network of secret routes and 'safehouses' used by slaves trying to escape to the north.
Term given to slaves who had escaped behind union lines.
Battle during the Texas revolution where Santa Anna's troops killed all but 2 men and motivated Texans and Americans to fight the Mexican army.
2000 mile wagon route that began in the Missouri Valley and went west. Flourished until the arrival of railroads.
The belief that the United States would reach the pacific ocean.
Brought 300 families to colonize Texas from the United States.
Was the first and third president of Texas.
Mexican General that defeated the Texans at the Alamo but was defeated at San Jacinto.
Final battle of the Mexican-Texan war. Santa Anna's troops were defeated here and he was forced to sign a treaty.
Trail that connected Missouri to Santa Fe and began and international trade route to Mexico.
A trail that was created from a gold fever in the west.
Would have banned slavery in any territory aquired from Mexico.
Wrote a novel that depicted the horrible doings of Southern slave owners.
Book written about all of the terrible things that southerners did to their slaves.
Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and allowed the settlers to use popular sovereignty on the new territories.
People were allowed to vote using popular sovereignty on the new territories so people were coming in and voting even if they werent residents of the territory.
The United States decided to buy Cuba from Spain and told Spain that they would go to war if they didn't accept.
The US Supreme Court ruled that people of African descent were not citizens and did not have the right to sue. It also stated that the US Congress had authority to prohibit slavery
Second of four proposed constitutions for Kansas was in favor of slavery.
Extremist pro slavery politicians from the south.
In the 1840's this caused many people to travel west in search of wealth
American who led an anti slavery revolt in Virginia in 1859.
An attack on an armory led by John Brown in Virginia.
Led to the succesion of southern states.

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