Science Quiz / MTA lesson 2 vocabulary

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QUIZ: Can you name the MTA lesson 2 vocabulary?

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An entity that oversees global IP address allocation, autonomous system number allocation, and root zone management in the Domain Name System (DNS).
A logical communications endpoint for computers.
A method where one type of packet is inserted into another type of packet so that it can be sent over a network.
The OSI model layer that covers the physical and electrical medium for data transfer. It includes, but is not limited to, cables, jacks, patch panels, punch blocks, hubs, and MAUs.
An attack that sends numerous packets to the switch, each of which has a different source MAC address, in an attempt to use up the memory on the switch.
A unique identifier assigned to network adapters by the manufacturer. This address is six octets in length and is written in hexadecimal.
The OSI model layer where a message creation—and, therefore packet creation—begins. It represents the network application or service.
A type of switch that operates as a router (layer 3).
The protocol that translates from IP address to MAC address.
An OSI model layer that controls the dialogues (connections) between computers. It establishes, manages, and terminates the connections between the local and remote application.
The table in memory that stores IP address to MAC address entries.
Short for the Content Addressable Memory table, a table in memory of switches set aside to store the MAC address to a port translation table.
A core protocol used in the TCP/IP protocol suite that is used to relay packets across an internetwork.
Also known as a protocol suite, multiple protocols that work together to provide a network service or application.
The OSI model layer that ensures error-free transmission between hosts through logical addressing. Therefore, it manages the transmission of messages through layers 1 through 3
The OSI model layer is dedicated to routing and switching information to different networks, LANs, or internetworks.
A Layer 4 protocol that is a connectionless protocol.
A protocol used by the operating systems to send error messages—indicating that a requested service is not available or that a host or router could not be reached. ICMP can also
Means that there are multiple channels that can be utilized by the communications system
A virtual network that is implemented to segment the network, reduce collisions, organize the network, boost performance, and, hopefully, increase security.
A combination of additional computation time, memory, bandwidth, or other resources that is required to perform a task.
The OSI Model layer that establishes, maintains, and decides how transfer is accomplished over the physical layer.
An organization that develops and promotes Internet standards.
A model used to define how data communication occurs on computer networks. This model is divided into layers, each of which provides services to the layers above and below. These l
A type of switch that switches packets based on the MAC address.
The OSI model layer that translates the data format from sender to receiver in the various OSes that may be used.
The process of transforming information from one format into another.
Refers to the fact that all computers on the LAN share the same channel or frequency to transmit data.
The guts of OSI model transmissions, consisting of layers 1 through 3. Regardless of what type of data transmission occurs in a computer network, the communication subnetwork will
Used when your computer wants to connect to a service or application running on another computer. Client computers primarily use outbound ports and these are assigned dynamically
A Layer 4 protocol that is a connection-oriented protocol.
Ports used when another computer wants to connect to a service or application running on your computer. Servers primarily use inbound ports so that they can accept incoming connec

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