Science Biology Study Guide

Can you name the Science Biology Study Guide?

 1. All living things are made up of cells. 2. Cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things. 3. All cells are produced from other cells.
 A protective barrier to the uncontrolled flow of molecules. It conntrols what goes in and what goes out
 A protective barrier for the cell. (Only in Plant Cells)
 Plant cells have cell walls and bacteria cells don't have a nucleus.
 Interphase,Prophase,Metaphase,Anaphase,Telophase, and cytokinesis
 The phase of mitosis in which you two new daughter cells
 The man who came up the idea of Genectics and mendeliean inheritance
 Two alleles make up this. You have both physical and mental of these.
 The differnent types of genes.
 An allele that when is present always shows up.
 An allele that is hidden when a dominat allele is present. Only shows up if there are no dominant alleles.
 The stuff that controls your traits.
 The chances of something happening,
 This means you have the same two alleles for a single trait.
 Another term for Homozygous.
 Neutrons,Protons,and electrons>atoms>molecules>cells>tissues>organs>systems>organisim
 Brings oxygen throughout the body, transports CO2 away from the body, helps fight off infection, and helps clot blood.
 A tissue that carries substances throughout the body, made up of Plama, Red and White blood cells, and platelets.
 Takes blood to the heart, contains valves which make blood flow in one direction, and the biggest one is the vena cava
 Allows blood to move away from heart, the largest one is the aorta
 Thin walled blood vessels that connect arteries to veins, this where carbon dioxide and oxegen are exchanged
 All over circulatory system making sure blood flows in one direction.
 Right atrium-top right corner of heart and pumps deoxygenated blood to right ventricle. Right Ventricle-bottom right corner of heart and pumps deoxygenated blood to lungs. Left Atrium- top left corner of heart and pumps oxygen rich blood to left ventricle. Left Ventricle- bottom left corner of heart and pumps blood to arteries to deliver oxygen throughout the body.
 1. Goes throug hright side of heart to lungs vs. 2. Goes through left side of heart to arteries and body
 1. Takes food in and breaks it down into useable nutrients.
 Removes liquids and liquid waiste from chyme. About 1.5 meters long and 6.5 centimeters wide
 Most digestion happens here. Lining this is villi which allow nutriens to join the bloodstream. About 6 meters long and 2.5 centimeters wide.
 Brings food from oral cavity to stomach. Peristalisis happens here.
 Stores food, hydrocloric acid breaks down food here, and mucus lines this.
 Produces pancreatic juices wihich contain digestive enzymes.
 Produces bile and filters out bad stuff, larger than your stomach.
 Produced by salivary gland, moistens food to make it easier to swallow.
 Produced in liver, breaks down fats and poisons,
 The process that forces the food down the esophagus.
 The break down of food into nutrients,carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Acids and enzymes work to change food,
 The physical beakdown of the food. Food is crushed and ground as it moves through the body.
 1.To take in oxygen, 2. remove carbon dioxide, and 3. Remove water vapor
 Air sacks that are surrounded by capillaries. The echange between oxygen and carbon dioxide happens here. Located inside the lungs
 Branches off the trachea that lead to the lungs.
 Covers trachea when we are eating so food doesn't go into our trachea.
 When we inhale this flattens so oxygen can enter lungs and when we exhale it curves to push the carbon dioxide out of the lungs.
 To remove solid,liquid, and gaseous waste from the body.
 A watery fluid that contains urea and other wastes.
 Two narrow tubes that connect the kidneys to the urinary bladder.
 A sacklike muscular organ that stores urine.
 The two major oragans of the excretory system, remove urea and other wastes from the blood.
 The tube that urine leaves the body through.
 The shell of our body basically
 The process of producing sweat in order to cool our body.

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