Science Quiz / Biochem Vocab

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Can you name the Biochem Vocab?

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Partitioning of cytoplasm
Two of the same genes (eg. HH or hh)
Outter layer of tissue
Wraps up and packages DNA
Sequences that are evolutionarily related are __________.
Tumor that invades other tissues
Part of the cell that makes proteins from amino acids. A main component in translation. Stuck on rough ER.
Moves the cell, important in muscle contraction and cell division
Set of pathways that break down larger molecule into small units and release energy
Premature death of cells and tissues. Can be caused by infection, toxins, trauma, etc.
Process of cellular that results in two exact copies of the cell.
Process of cellular replication that results in the formation of gametes.
An organism that produces complex organic compounds from simple inorganic molecules using energy from light (by photosynthesis) or inorganic chemical reactions
genes that determine which parts of the body form what body parts
Bacteria that carry out photosythesis
Transfers genetic information to another cell is typically to isolate, multiply, or express the insert in the target cell.
What is the primary source of free energy driving protein folding?
A primary antibody is used against the antigen of interest; a subsequent, secondary ('indirect'), dye-coupled antibody is introduced that recognizes the primary antibody.
Proteins use hydrolysis of _____ as a 'timer' for the 'on' response.
Put two strands of DNA together
DNA sequence that is removed from DNA during splicing. Codes for nothing. NOTHING.
A cell or an organism having half of the number of chromosomes of normal cells. (eg. sex cells, n)
In this the electron transport chain accepts the electron from photosynthesis.
Property of magnetic nuclei that allows it to absorb an electromagnetic pulse and radiate it back out.
Converts chemical energy into ATP. Cellular respiration. Have their own DNA
Messenger RNA (mRNA) produced in transcription is decoded to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide, that will later fold into an active protein.
the spread of cancer from one organ to another. Very inefficient.
The iron-containing oxygen-transport protein in the red blood cells. Binds cooperativly and can bind 4 oxygen molecules.
Locomotory structures in bacteria
Projections from neurons that recieve message from other neurons
A phase early in the development of most animal embryos, during which the morphology of the embryo is reorganized to form the three germ layers: ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm
The liquid found inside a cell
Is the largest or the smallest at the bottom of the SDS page gel?
Regulator of hemoglobin
An enzyme that creates a double-stranded DNA molecule from a single strand of RNA.
Simultaneous polymerization and depolymerization of different MT's in the same pool at steady state.
Threadlike structures in bacteria that help them adhere to one another
Moves materials with in the cell and form mitotic spindles.
What makes a compund more reduced?
Partitions replicated DNA in mitosis
Middle layer of tissue
Provides mechanical support to the cell.
a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger one
Biological process that causes an organism to develop its shape.
'Reads' an intact DNA strand as a template and uses it to synthesize the new strand.
Is one of the germ layers formed during embryogenesis. It forms the epithelial lining of multiple systems.
Copying DNA. Uses both strands of DNA as a template to form complementary strands.
What is Tim?
Conduct photosynthesis. Contains chlorophyll. Have their own DNA.
On the inner membrane of mitochondria and is used to carry electrons down the ELC
Signal to make cell kill itself
Pulse-like voltage wave that travels on 'excitable' membranes
Chemicals that cause changes in the DNA sequence and cause cancer.
Tumor that grows without invading other tissues
Involves chromogenic reporters and substrates which produce some kind of observable color change to indicate the presence of antigen or protein.
Display self and nonself antigens within a cell to the rest of the organism.
Interferes with the expression of a particular gene. Also serves as an antiviral mechanism and shapes chromatin.
Two different genes (eg. Hh or Bb)
Any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
Oxygen binding protein. Contains porphyrin ring. Can only bind to 1 oxygen molecule.
Cells that contain complex structures inside the membranes. The defining membrane-bound structure that sets them apart is the nucleus, or nuclear envelope, within which the genetic
Used as a reducing agent. Can transfer its electron to another molecule.
In this enzymes that reduce NADP accept the electron from photosynthesis.
Reduced form of NADP
Is an organism that uses organic carbon for growth.
The process of creating an equivalent RNA copy of a sequence of DNA
Sequences of DNA that can move around to different positions within the genome of a single cell, they can cause mutations and change the amount of DNA in the genome.
Specialization of cells for different structures and functions
Where does the oxygen plants produce come from?
What is another way to say lowest energy conformation or active conformation?
How fat is Tim?
Molecules that differ only in configuration of the atoms around one or more carbons
The primary function of this is to process and package macromolecules, such as proteins and lipids, after their synthesis and before they make their way to their destination; it is
Transfers electrons from one molecule to another in metabolism. Gets reduced to NADH
Cleaves DNA at restriction sites. Leaves sticky ends.
Transfers a specific active amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation.
Used in anabolic reactions like lipid and nucleic acid synthesis. In plants, it is reduced during the light reaction of photosynthesis.
Total entropy (disorder) in the universe is continually increasing
DNA sequence that is NOT removed from DNA durring splicing
Extended and specialized plasma membrane that wraps around nerve
A region of DNA that facilitates the transcription of a particular region of DNA.
RNA molecule that provides the 'blueprint' for protein production.
Trap in sunlight.
Cells have two homologous copies of each chromosome (non-sex cells, 2n)
Improves the function of a protein
What kind of magic does Tim use?
Forms an interconnected network of tubules within cells. Rough ones synthesize proteins while smooth ones synthesize lipids and steroids
Part of tissue that usually provides structural support to the cells in addition to performing various other important functions. Also regultes intercellualr communication.
What states 'There is no way for a protein to sample all conformations while folding because there are too many'?
lipid-soluble molecule usually synthesized by microorganisms to transport ions across the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane.
Decodes mRNA into amino acids. Aids in translation.
Energy remains constant, even though it forms a change.
Occurs in many cooked starchy foods
Increase in the concentration of chemical nutrients in an ecosystem to an extent that increases the primary productivity of the ecosystem. Such as algae on a lake.
Cells of early embryo can become any cell type or tissue
Organisms that lack a cell nucleus. DNA is stored in the nucleoid. High surface area to volume ratio.
Used by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects
A unit of heredity in a living organism. It is normally a stretch of DNA that codes for a type of protein or for an RNA chain that has a function in the organism.
Quinones and Coenzyme Q are exaples of what?
What amino acid is the start codon?
pH=7 [reactant]=1M [water]=55.5M T=25C P=1atm
Prevents the transcription of DNA. Coded by regulator genes.
_________ gel electrophoresis is a method used in biochemistry and molecular biology to separate DNA, RNA or protein. Nucleic acid molecules are separated by size.

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