Science Quiz / Biochem Vocab

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Can you name the Biochem Vocab?

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DefinitionWord
The primary function of this is to process and package macromolecules, such as proteins and lipids, after their synthesis and before they make their way to their destination; it is
Transfers electrons from one molecule to another in metabolism. Gets reduced to NADH
The iron-containing oxygen-transport protein in the red blood cells. Binds cooperativly and can bind 4 oxygen molecules.
A phase early in the development of most animal embryos, during which the morphology of the embryo is reorganized to form the three germ layers: ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm
Used in anabolic reactions like lipid and nucleic acid synthesis. In plants, it is reduced during the light reaction of photosynthesis.
Property of magnetic nuclei that allows it to absorb an electromagnetic pulse and radiate it back out.
An enzyme that creates a double-stranded DNA molecule from a single strand of RNA.
Decodes mRNA into amino acids. Aids in translation.
Oxygen binding protein. Contains porphyrin ring. Can only bind to 1 oxygen molecule.
Middle layer of tissue
Bacteria that carry out photosythesis
Premature death of cells and tissues. Can be caused by infection, toxins, trauma, etc.
pH=7 [reactant]=1M [water]=55.5M T=25C P=1atm
What states 'There is no way for a protein to sample all conformations while folding because there are too many'?
_________ gel electrophoresis is a method used in biochemistry and molecular biology to separate DNA, RNA or protein. Nucleic acid molecules are separated by size.
Provides mechanical support to the cell.
Moves the cell, important in muscle contraction and cell division
The liquid found inside a cell
Transfers a specific active amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation.
Sequences of DNA that can move around to different positions within the genome of a single cell, they can cause mutations and change the amount of DNA in the genome.
Signal to make cell kill itself
NAD+, NADP+, FMN, FAD, Heme
How fat is Tim?
Trap in sunlight.
'Reads' an intact DNA strand as a template and uses it to synthesize the new strand.
DNA sequence that is removed from DNA during splicing. Codes for nothing. NOTHING.
Process of cellular that results in two exact copies of the cell.
Copying DNA. Uses both strands of DNA as a template to form complementary strands.
Partitioning of cytoplasm
What is the primary source of free energy driving protein folding?
In this enzymes that reduce NADP accept the electron from photosynthesis.
Extended and specialized plasma membrane that wraps around nerve
Regulator of hemoglobin
Molecules that differ only in configuration of the atoms around one or more carbons
On the inner membrane of mitochondria and is used to carry electrons down the ELC
DefinitionWord
Biological process that causes an organism to develop its shape.
Used by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects
An organism that produces complex organic compounds from simple inorganic molecules using energy from light (by photosynthesis) or inorganic chemical reactions
Specialization of cells for different structures and functions
Increase in the concentration of chemical nutrients in an ecosystem to an extent that increases the primary productivity of the ecosystem. Such as algae on a lake.
Moves materials with in the cell and form mitotic spindles.
Reduced form of NADP
RNA molecule that provides the 'blueprint' for protein production.
What kind of magic does Tim use?
Prevents the transcription of DNA. Coded by regulator genes.
lipid-soluble molecule usually synthesized by microorganisms to transport ions across the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane.
Interferes with the expression of a particular gene. Also serves as an antiviral mechanism and shapes chromatin.
Is an organism that uses organic carbon for growth.
Locomotory structures in bacteria
Organisms that lack a cell nucleus. DNA is stored in the nucleoid. High surface area to volume ratio.
Put two strands of DNA together
Sequences that are evolutionarily related are __________.
What is Tim?
Any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
Total entropy (disorder) in the universe is continually increasing
a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger one
Forms an interconnected network of tubules within cells. Rough ones synthesize proteins while smooth ones synthesize lipids and steroids
A primary antibody is used against the antigen of interest; a subsequent, secondary ('indirect'), dye-coupled antibody is introduced that recognizes the primary antibody.
Wraps up and packages DNA
Where does the oxygen plants produce come from?
Quinones and Coenzyme Q are exaples of what?
Pulse-like voltage wave that travels on 'excitable' membranes
In this the electron transport chain accepts the electron from photosynthesis.
Set of pathways that break down larger molecule into small units and release energy
Messenger RNA (mRNA) produced in transcription is decoded to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide, that will later fold into an active protein.
Tumor that invades other tissues
Simultaneous polymerization and depolymerization of different MT's in the same pool at steady state.
genes that determine which parts of the body form what body parts
Partitions replicated DNA in mitosis
Proteins use hydrolysis of _____ as a 'timer' for the 'on' response.
DefinitionWord
Display self and nonself antigens within a cell to the rest of the organism.
Occurs in many cooked starchy foods
Part of tissue that usually provides structural support to the cells in addition to performing various other important functions. Also regultes intercellualr communication.
Is the largest or the smallest at the bottom of the SDS page gel?
Transfers genetic information to another cell is typically to isolate, multiply, or express the insert in the target cell.
Converts chemical energy into ATP. Cellular respiration. Have their own DNA
Cells have two homologous copies of each chromosome (non-sex cells, 2n)
A unit of heredity in a living organism. It is normally a stretch of DNA that codes for a type of protein or for an RNA chain that has a function in the organism.
The process of creating an equivalent RNA copy of a sequence of DNA
Energy remains constant, even though it forms a change.
Chemicals that cause changes in the DNA sequence and cause cancer.
Tumor that grows without invading other tissues
Used as a reducing agent. Can transfer its electron to another molecule.
Outter layer of tissue
DNA sequence that is NOT removed from DNA durring splicing
Two of the same genes (eg. HH or hh)
Two different genes (eg. Hh or Bb)
the spread of cancer from one organ to another. Very inefficient.
Improves the function of a protein
Involves chromogenic reporters and substrates which produce some kind of observable color change to indicate the presence of antigen or protein.
What amino acid is the start codon?
Projections from neurons that recieve message from other neurons
What is another way to say lowest energy conformation or active conformation?
Is one of the germ layers formed during embryogenesis. It forms the epithelial lining of multiple systems.
A region of DNA that facilitates the transcription of a particular region of DNA.
Cells of early embryo can become any cell type or tissue
Cells that contain complex structures inside the membranes. The defining membrane-bound structure that sets them apart is the nucleus, or nuclear envelope, within which the genetic
Cleaves DNA at restriction sites. Leaves sticky ends.
What makes a compund more reduced?
Conduct photosynthesis. Contains chlorophyll. Have their own DNA.
A cell or an organism having half of the number of chromosomes of normal cells. (eg. sex cells, n)
Process of cellular replication that results in the formation of gametes.
Part of the cell that makes proteins from amino acids. A main component in translation. Stuck on rough ER.
Threadlike structures in bacteria that help them adhere to one another

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