AP Lit Poetry Terms

Can you name the AP Lit Poetry Terms?

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DefinitionWord
a figurative device sustained for several lines or throughout an entire poem
a figure of speech that consists of saying less than one means
the character defect that causes the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy; hamartia
the repetition of the accented vowel sound and all succeeding sounds in important or importantly positioned words
a smooth, pleasant-sounding choice and arrangement of sounds
two successive lines, usually in the same meter, linked by rhyme
front half/back half of the stage
a short composition having the intentions of poetry but written in prose rather than verse
a literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy
the use of words that supposedly mimic their meaning in their sound
repetition of an opening word or phrase in a series of lines
rhymes that occur at the end of the lines
a figure of speech in which something means more than what it is
a figure of speech in which an implicit comparison is made between two things essentially unlike
the repetition of consonant sounds in close proximity used for a desired effect
a long speech made by one actor in a play, film, etc, esp when alone
a line that has no natural speech pause at its end, allowing the meaning to flow uninterruptedly into the next line
an adversary to the main character, one who presents conflict in a story
a sonnet consisting of an octave and a sestet, typically using the rhyme scheme abba abba cdcdcd or abba abba cdecde. It poses a problem or situation in the octave, then offers a r
a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead, or something non-human, is addressed as if it were present and could reply
a reference in a work of literature to something outside the work, often from the Bible, Greek mythology, or another well-known work of art or literature
the process of measuring the metrical pattern in a poem
writing that uses figures of speech as opposed to literal language
DefinitionWord
the basic unit of measurement in metrical verse, usually containing one accented syllable and either one or two unaccented syllables
a four-line stanza, usually used in a sonnet marked off by its rhyme scheme
any poem using a set length and pattern prescribed by previous usage or tradition, such as the sonnet, villanelle, or ballad
the repetition of vowel sounds in close proximity used for a desired effect
writing that appeals to all of our senses
any fixed pattern of rhyming throughout a poem
any syllable given more prominence in pronunciation than its neighbors
an 8-line stanza
unrhymed, non-metered poetry
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole
an utterance or discourse by a person who is talking to himself or herself or is disregardful of or oblivious to any hearers present
a harsh, discordant, unpleasant arrangement of sounds
a rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel is in the final syllable of the words involved
a god introduced into a play to resolve the plot
a restatement of the content of a poem designed to make its prose meaning as clear as possible
the leading character, hero, or heroine of a drama or other literary work
a sonnet using three coordinate quatrains with an alternating rhyme pattern (abab, cdcd, efef) and a concluding rhyming couplet (gg). It usually shows subtle shifts in thought at e
deliberate exaggeration or overstatement
any wavelike recurrence of motion or sound; a “beat” created when poetry is read aloud
a dramatic composition, often in verse, dealing with a serious or somber theme, typically that of a great person destined through a flaw of character or conflict with some overpowe
the repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
metrical language, opposite of prose
a figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two things essentially unlike using 'like' or 'as'
DefinitionWord
a situation, or use of language, involving some kind of incongruity or discrepancy
the use of something closely related for the thing actually meant
Agreed upon and understood rules, practices, and procedures of production
a repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines, normally at some fixed position in a poem written in stanzaic form
a 6-line stanza
unrhymed iambic pentameter
one or more unstressed syllables at the beginning of a line of verse
the writer's attitude toward the subject, the audience, or herself or himself; the emotional coloring or meaning of a work
part of the stage to the right/left of the performer facing the audience
a line in a poem that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation
a statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements
a rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel sound is in the final syllable of both words
a speech pause occurring within a line
a person or thing that is chronologically out of time or place
a figure of speech in which human attributes are given to an animal, object, or concept
words in a rhyming pattern that have some sound correspondence but are not exact rhymes (ex: fit/hate)
the regular patterns of accent that underlie metrical verse
a part of an actor's lines supposedly not heard by others on the stage and intended only for the audience.
a story in which people, things and events have another meaning
a rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel is in either the second or third-last syllable of the words involved
a group of lines in poetry whose metrical pattern is repeated throughout the poem. In free verse, a stanza is simply a group of lines set off by line breaks in the poem.

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