Science Quiz / Antibiotic Coverage

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Organisms AffectedAntibioticMethod of Delivery
Gram + spectrum (especially resistant ones), but NOT E. faecalis (EnterococcusN/A
Broad Spectrum ActivityN/A
Broad spectrum covering staph and mycobacteriumN/A
Broad spectrum for gram positive and gram negative organisms in the urinary tractN/A
C. difficile, Vancomycin resistant EnterocicciPO
Group A Streptococci, Treponema (syphilis)IV
Enteric GNR, PseudomonasIV
Broad Spectrum, Much less resistance, Does not treat pseudomonasIV
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNRPO
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, AnaerobesIV
Staphylococci only!IV
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, AnaerobesIV
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, HaemophilusIV/PO
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNRIV
Staphylococci only!IV
Broad Spectrum , Intracellular BacteriaIV/PO
Gram positive spectrum – can be used to treat organisms that are resistant to β-lactams and glycopeptides, Resistant Gram +, VR-MRSAN/A
Vancomycin resistant Gram +IV
Gram - spectrumN/A
Broad Spectrum, Lots of resistancePO
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, AnaerobesIV
Staphylococci only!PO
Very good against Gram + including StaphN/A
Vancomycin resistant Gram +IV
Gram - NOT including Proteus or Pseudomonas, Useful for enterococcus (especially vancomycin resistant infections)N/A
Gram +, C. difficileIV/PO
Anaerobic GNR, Enteric GNR, Pseudomonas, AcinetobacterIV
Gram – rods including Pseudomonas (but there is increasing resistance to it), B. Anthracis (anthrax), STDs (NOT syphillis or gonorrhea) IV/PO
Organisms AffectedAntibioticMethod of Delivery
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, AnaerobesIV
Gram + (strep and staph), Anaerobic organismsN/A
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNRPO
Anaerobes, C difficile, Amoebae(Giardia, Entamoeba, Trichimonas)IV/PO
Kills gram positive organismsN/A
Streptococci, Treponema, Oral Anaerobes, Haemophilus, Listeria, Enteric GNR, Pseudomonas IV
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, AnaerobesIV
Same as azithromycin (respiratory pathogens)PO
M. tuberculosis. F. tularensis, Yersinis pestisN/A
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNRIV
Multi-drug resistant GNRN/A
Streptococci, Treponema, Oral Anaerobes, Haemophilus, ListeriaIV/PO
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, AnaerobesIV
GNR not anaerobes (includes situations where the environment is anaerobic like intra-abdominal abscesses), PseudomonasN/A
More potent against Gram +, Less potent against Gram - , More Anaerobes (oral)IV/PO
Intrcellular Bacteria, StaphylococciIV/PO
GNR not anaerobes (includes situations where the environment is anaerobic like intra-abdominal abscesses), PseudomonasN/A
Enteric GNR, PseudomonasIV
Gram +, abx resistant bacteria: MRSA, Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium, but not E.faecalis IV/PO
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNRIV
Good for streptococcal infections, Gram – and Pseudomonas, Mycoplasma/Chlamydia/Legionella (good for respiratory pathogens)IV/PO
Same as clarithromycin, but particulary effective for those with Chlamydia infectionIV/PO
Respiratory Gram +, Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, Legionella (intracellular pathogens), Helicobacter/Campilobacter (Gram -)IV/PO
Oral AnaerobesPO
Broad (does not include Strep or Pseudomonas), N/A
Erythyromycin + (less resistant), Atypical Mycobacteria infections (not TB)PO
Streptococci, Treponema, Oral Anaerobes, Haemophilus, Listeria, Enteric GNR, Pseudomonas IV
Used primarily in multi-drug resistant TuberculosisN/A

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