Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Most common primary brain tumor
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Homer-Wright rosettes
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
First branch off the ICA
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Artery to corpus callosum
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Artery to PLIC
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Structure compromised in right anopia
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Port-wine stain at birth
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Artery to CBT
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Artery to choroid plexus
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Artery to hippocampus
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Artery to amygdala
PML is associated with which microbe?
Rosenthal fibers

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