Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
First branch off the ICA
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Port-wine stain at birth
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Artery to CBT
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Homer-Wright rosettes
Rosenthal fibers
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Artery to PLIC
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
HintAnswerExtra
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Emergency tx of glaucoma
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Artery to amygdala
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Structure compromised in right anopia
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
HintAnswerExtra
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Artery to hippocampus
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Artery to choroid plexus
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Artery to corpus callosum
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
PML is associated with which microbe?
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Most common primary brain tumor
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy

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