Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
First branch off the ICA
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Rosenthal fibers
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
HintAnswerExtra
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Artery to PLIC
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Artery to amygdala
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
PML is associated with which microbe?
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Homer-Wright rosettes
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Port-wine stain at birth
Artery to choroid plexus
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Structure compromised in central scotoma
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
HintAnswerExtra
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Most common primary brain tumor
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Artery to CBT
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Structure compromised in right anopia
Artery to corpus callosum
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Artery to hippocampus
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome

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