Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Rosenthal fibers
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Structure compromised in right anopia
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Artery to hippocampus
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
HintAnswerExtra
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Artery to PLIC
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
First branch off the ICA
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Most common primary brain tumor
Artery to corpus callosum
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Artery to choroid plexus
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Homer-Wright rosettes
HintAnswerExtra
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Artery to amygdala
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
PML is associated with which microbe?
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Artery to CBT
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Port-wine stain at birth
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12

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