Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Artery to choroid plexus
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Rosenthal fibers
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
HintAnswerExtra
Artery to corpus callosum
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Artery to PLIC
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Artery to amygdala
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
PML is associated with which microbe?
Firstline tx for absence seizures
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Port-wine stain at birth
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Structure compromised in right anopia
Structure compromised in central scotoma
HintAnswerExtra
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Artery to CBT
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
First branch off the ICA
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Artery to hippocampus
Homer-Wright rosettes
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Most common primary brain tumor
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply

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