Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
First branch off the ICA
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Artery to choroid plexus
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Artery to corpus callosum
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Artery to CBT
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Most common primary brain tumor
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
HintAnswerExtra
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Rosenthal fibers
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
PML is associated with which microbe?
Artery to hippocampus
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
HintAnswerExtra
Artery to amygdala
Artery to PLIC
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Homer-Wright rosettes
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Structure compromised in right anopia
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Port-wine stain at birth
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome

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