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QUIZ: Can you name the neuro term?

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Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Most common primary brain tumor
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Homer-Wright rosettes
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Firstline epileptic tx for children
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Artery to amygdala
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Artery to hippocampus
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Artery to CBT
Artery to choroid plexus
Port-wine stain at birth
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Structure compromised in right anopia
Artery to PLIC
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Artery to corpus callosum
First branch off the ICA
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Rosenthal fibers
PML is associated with which microbe?
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma

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