Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Artery to corpus callosum
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Artery to choroid plexus
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
PML is associated with which microbe?
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Artery to CBT
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
HintAnswerExtra
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Homer-Wright rosettes
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Artery to amygdala
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Artery to hippocampus
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Most common primary brain tumor
Artery to PLIC
HintAnswerExtra
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
First branch off the ICA
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Rosenthal fibers
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Port-wine stain at birth
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Structure compromised in right anopia
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's

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