Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Rosenthal fibers
Artery to hippocampus
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Artery to CBT
Port-wine stain at birth
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Emergency tx of glaucoma
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Artery to corpus callosum
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
First branch off the ICA
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Firstline epileptic tx for children
PML is associated with which microbe?
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
HintAnswerExtra
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Artery to amygdala
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Most common primary brain tumor
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
HintAnswerExtra
Artery to choroid plexus
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Artery to PLIC
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Structure compromised in right anopia
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Homer-Wright rosettes
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction

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