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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Artery to PLIC
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Rosenthal fibers
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Homer-Wright rosettes
Artery to CBT
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Port-wine stain at birth
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Most common primary brain tumor
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
HintAnswerExtra
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
First branch off the ICA
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
PML is associated with which microbe?
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Artery to choroid plexus
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
HintAnswerExtra
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Artery to hippocampus
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Artery to amygdala
Artery to corpus callosum
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Structure compromised in right anopia
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's

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