Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Biceps reflex nerve root
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Dermatome at the nipple
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Dermatome at the kneecap
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Tx of tremors
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Rupture of bridging veins
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Muscle that opens jaw
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Pathway of CNV3
Area of lesion in comatose state
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Output nerves of cerebellum
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Pathway of CNV2
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Auditory center in the brain stem
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Astrocyte cell marker
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Achilles reflex nerve root
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Location of GABA synthesis
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Location of ACh synthesis
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Pathway of CNXII
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
What are Lewy bodies composed of?

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