Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Dermatome at the nipple
Pathway of CNV3
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Location of ACh synthesis
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Area of lesion in comatose state
Auditory center in the brain stem
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
HintAnswerExtra
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Astrocyte cell marker
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Achilles reflex nerve root
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Rupture of bridging veins
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Location of GABA synthesis
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
HintAnswerExtra
Pathway of CNXII
Muscle that opens jaw
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Pathway of CNV2
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Biceps reflex nerve root
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Tx of tremors
Output nerves of cerebellum
Dermatome at the kneecap
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy

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