Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Location of GABA synthesis
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Tx of tremors
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Pathway of CNXII
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Area of lesion in comatose state
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Auditory center in the brain stem
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Astrocyte cell marker
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Output nerves of cerebellum
Rupture of bridging veins
Most common site of berry aneurysms
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Pathway of CNV2
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Dermatome at the nipple
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Pathway of CNV3
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Achilles reflex nerve root
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Dermatome at the kneecap
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Biceps reflex nerve root
Muscle that opens jaw
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Location of ACh synthesis
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension

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