Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Dermatome at the kneecap
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Area of lesion in comatose state
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Dermatome at the nipple
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Conjugate vertical gaze center
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Tx of tremors
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Location of GABA synthesis
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Rupture of bridging veins
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Achilles reflex nerve root
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Pathway of CNV3
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Muscle that opens jaw
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Astrocyte cell marker
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Output nerves of cerebellum
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Auditory center in the brain stem
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Location of ACh synthesis
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Pathway of CNXII
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Pathway of CNV2
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Biceps reflex nerve root
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision

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