Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Output nerves of cerebellum
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Tx of tremors
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Rupture of bridging veins
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Muscle that opens jaw
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Astrocyte cell marker
Achilles reflex nerve root
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Biceps reflex nerve root
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Location of ACh synthesis
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Dermatome at the kneecap
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Pathway of CNV3
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Area of lesion in comatose state
Dermatome at the nipple
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Pathway of CNV2
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Pathway of CNXII
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Location of GABA synthesis
Auditory center in the brain stem
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information

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