Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Astrocyte cell marker
Area of lesion in comatose state
Biceps reflex nerve root
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Rupture of bridging veins
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Auditory center in the brain stem
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Pathway of CNV2
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Location of GABA synthesis
Achilles reflex nerve root
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Location of ACh synthesis
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Dermatome at the kneecap
Tx of tremors
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Pathway of CNV3
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Dermatome at the nipple
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Output nerves of cerebellum
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Pathway of CNXII
Muscle that opens jaw
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?

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