Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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QUIZ: Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Biceps reflex nerve root
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
HintAnswerExtra
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Pathway of CNV2
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Dermatome at the nipple
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Location of ACh synthesis
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Location of GABA synthesis
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Pathway of CNV3
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Astrocyte cell marker
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Tx of tremors
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
HintAnswerExtra
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Dermatome at the kneecap
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Muscle that opens jaw
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Rupture of bridging veins
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Pathway of CNXII
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Output nerves of cerebellum
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Achilles reflex nerve root
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Auditory center in the brain stem
Area of lesion in comatose state
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?

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