Science Quiz / EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Dermatome at the kneecap
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Output nerves of cerebellum
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Pathway of CNV3
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Area of lesion in comatose state
Location of ACh synthesis
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
HintAnswerExtra
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Location of GABA synthesis
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Pathway of CNXII
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Biceps reflex nerve root
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
HintAnswerExtra
Astrocyte cell marker
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Tx of tremors
Dermatome at the nipple
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Muscle that opens jaw
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Auditory center in the brain stem
Pathway of CNV2
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Achilles reflex nerve root
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Rupture of bridging veins
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate

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