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Can you name the microbiology term?

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Tx of H. influenzae meningitis
Rash starting at wrists and ankles then spreads to trunk, palm, and soles
Transfer of plasmid and chromosomal genes
Chocolate agar is a special culture requirement for
Bacterial structure that mediates adherence to surfaces, especially foreign surfaces
B-hemolytic bacteria causing meningitis in newborns
Expanding bull's eye red rash + flu-like symptoms + facial nerve palsy
Name one bacteria that stains with Giemsa
Rickettsia and chlamydia are what type of microbes?
Extrapulmonary tuberculosis in vertebral body
Infection w/ mycobacterium tuberculosis in nonimmune host
Central rash spreading out and sparing palms and soles
E. coli exotoxin that causes watery diarrhea by overactivating adenylate cyclase, increasing Cl- secretion in gut
Hilar node + Ghon focus in nonimmune host
Gray vaginal discharge w/ fishy smell
Eaton's agar is a special culture requirement for
Painless chancre
Silver stain
Most common cause of duodenal ulcers
Novobiocin sensitive gram positive cocci
Confirm diagnosis of syphilis with
Tx of gardnerella
Exotoxin that causes pharyngitis by inactivating elongation factor EF-2
Tx of Neisseria
Stain used to diagnose Whipple's disease
Tx of Nocardia
Bacteria w/ no cell wall
Substance on gram positive cell walls that induces TNF and IL-1
Strain of E. coli that adheres to apical surface, flattens villi, prevents absorption
Citrobacter, Klebsiella, E. coli, Enterobacter, and Serratia are tested in what type of media?
Prevalent among surfers
Severe pneumonia + GI symptoms after exposure from environmental water source
Quellung reaction occurs in microbes that possess a
Lowenstein-Jensen agar is a special culture requirement for
Pseudomembranous colitis secondary to antibiotic use
'Actin rockets' move thi facultative intracellular microbe from cell to cell
Edema factor of this microbe mimics adenylate cyclase enzyme and is responsible for black eschar on skin
Prophylactic tx of M. avium-intracellulare
What type of antibiotic is ineffective against aerobes because they require O2 to enter bacterial cell?
Causes mesenteric adenitis that can mimic Crohn's or appendicitis
Name one bacteria that does not Gram stain well
Tx of Lyme disease
Pseudomembranous pharyngitis + lymphadenopathy
Fibrocaseous cavity lesion in upper lobe
Type of leprosy characterized by low cell-mediated immunity with a humoral Th2 response
Bacterial structure that gives rigid support and protects against osmotic pressure
Blue-green pigment
Nausea/vomiting within 1-5 hours of eating warm rice
Only bacterium with polypeptide capsule containing D-glutamate
Anemia + thrombocytopenia + acute renal failure
Cat scratch disease
No rash + monocytes with berry-like inclusions in cytoplasm
Gram positive + catalase positive + coagulase positive cocci in clusters
Toxin prevents release of inhibitory neurotransmitters in spinal cord
Toxin prevents release of stimulatory signals at neuromuscular junctions resulting in flaccid paralysis
Tellurite plate, Loffler's media are special culture requirements for
India ink stain
Cherry red epiglottis in child
Most common cause of otitis media in children
Chronic pneumonia in cystic fibrosis patient
Strain of E. coli that produces Shiga-like toxin and hemolytic-uremic syndrome
Black colonies on cystine-tellurite agar
Flu-like symptoms + jaundice + photophobia w/ conjunctivitis
Gram negative + oxidase positive microbe that grows at 42 degrees Celsius
Host antibodies against this toxin used to diagnose rheumatic fever
Tx of actinomyces
Rose spots on abdomen + fever + headache + diarrhea
Name one urease-positive microbe
Gram positive anaerobe w/ branching filaments
Bacterial virulence factor that binds Fc region of Ig and prevents opsonization and phagocytosis
Lobar pneumonia in alcoholics and diabetics
Gram positive + catalase negative diplococci + positive quellung reaction
Group A streptococci expresses this virulence factor that helps prevent phagocytosis
Red currant jelly sputum
Ability to take up naked DNA from the environment
Associated w/ wound and burn infections
Gas gangrene and 'double zone' of hemolysis on blood agar
Diabetes + malignant otitis externa
Spiral-shaped bacteria visualized by dark-field microscopy
Glove and stocking loss of sensation + spread by armadillos
Screen syphilis with
Strain of E. coli that invades intestinal mucosa and causes necrosis and inflammation, no toxins produced
Spastic paralysis + lockjaw
E. coli exotoxin that causes watery diarrhea by overactivating guanylate cyclase and decreasing NaCl/H2O resorption in gut
Staph aureus expresses this virulence factor that binds Fc region of Ig and prevents phagocytosis
Strawberry tongue + impetigo + polyarthritis
Yellow pigment-producing bacteria
Red pigment-producing bacteria
Ingestion of these spores in honey causes floppy baby syndrome
Weakly acid fast branching filamentous bacteria
Bacteria w/ high lipid content in cell wall detected by carbolfuchsin in acid-fast stain
Yellow sulfur granules
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
Gram negative cocci
Causes disseminated, non-TB disease in AIDS
'Rice water' diarrhea
Major cause of blood diarrhea in children that commonly precedes Guillain-Barre syndrome
Substance on gram negative outer membrane that induces TNF and IL-1
Exotoxin that causes GI mucosal damage and dysentery by removing adenine from rRNA to inactivate 60S ribosome
Strain of E. coli that includes labile toxin/stable toxin and no inflammation or invasion
Tx of Listeria meningitis in infants, immunocompromised, elderly
Penicillins and cephalosporins act in this phase of the bacteria growth curve
Type of leprosy characterized by high cell-mediated immunity with largely Th1 response
People with chronic granulomatous disease have recurrent infections with microbes that are
Normal flora of oropharynx that causes dental caries
Name one facultative intracellular bug
Maculopapular rash on palms and soles
Bacitracin resistant + B-hemolytic bacteria that colonizes the vagina
Colonizes the gut and can cause bacteremia and subacute endocarditis in colon cancer patients
Most common cause of meningitis
Bacterial structure resistant to dehydration, heat, and chemicals
Novobiocin resistant gram positive cocci

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Created Jul 12, 2012ReportNominate
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