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QUIZ: Can you name the microbiology term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Ingestion of these spores in honey causes floppy baby syndrome
Tx of actinomyces
Only bacterium with polypeptide capsule containing D-glutamate
Bacterial virulence factor that binds Fc region of Ig and prevents opsonization and phagocytosis
Bacterial structure that mediates adherence to surfaces, especially foreign surfaces
Bacterial structure resistant to dehydration, heat, and chemicals
Tx of Nocardia
Nausea/vomiting within 1-5 hours of eating warm rice
Normal flora of oropharynx that causes dental caries
Name one urease-positive microbe
Tellurite plate, Loffler's media are special culture requirements for
Causes mesenteric adenitis that can mimic Crohn's or appendicitis
Red currant jelly sputum
Causes disseminated, non-TB disease in AIDS
Anemia + thrombocytopenia + acute renal failure
Novobiocin resistant gram positive cocci
'Rice water' diarrhea
Painless chancre
Blue-green pigment
Rose spots on abdomen + fever + headache + diarrhea
Gram negative + oxidase positive microbe that grows at 42 degrees Celsius
Associated w/ wound and burn infections
Fibrocaseous cavity lesion in upper lobe
Gram positive anaerobe w/ branching filaments
Major cause of blood diarrhea in children that commonly precedes Guillain-Barre syndrome
Maculopapular rash on palms and soles
Tx of gardnerella
Rash starting at wrists and ankles then spreads to trunk, palm, and soles
Exotoxin that causes GI mucosal damage and dysentery by removing adenine from rRNA to inactivate 60S ribosome
Most common cause of duodenal ulcers
Edema factor of this microbe mimics adenylate cyclase enzyme and is responsible for black eschar on skin
Penicillins and cephalosporins act in this phase of the bacteria growth curve
Strawberry tongue + impetigo + polyarthritis
Type of leprosy characterized by low cell-mediated immunity with a humoral Th2 response
Group A streptococci expresses this virulence factor that helps prevent phagocytosis
Gram negative cocci
Rickettsia and chlamydia are what type of microbes?
Gas gangrene and 'double zone' of hemolysis on blood agar
HintAnswerExtra
Chronic pneumonia in cystic fibrosis patient
Strain of E. coli that invades intestinal mucosa and causes necrosis and inflammation, no toxins produced
Glove and stocking loss of sensation + spread by armadillos
E. coli exotoxin that causes watery diarrhea by overactivating adenylate cyclase, increasing Cl- secretion in gut
Lobar pneumonia in alcoholics and diabetics
Flu-like symptoms + jaundice + photophobia w/ conjunctivitis
E. coli exotoxin that causes watery diarrhea by overactivating guanylate cyclase and decreasing NaCl/H2O resorption in gut
No rash + monocytes with berry-like inclusions in cytoplasm
Name one bacteria that does not Gram stain well
Ability to take up naked DNA from the environment
Substance on gram positive cell walls that induces TNF and IL-1
B-hemolytic bacteria causing meningitis in newborns
Tx of Listeria meningitis in infants, immunocompromised, elderly
Gray vaginal discharge w/ fishy smell
Screen syphilis with
Strain of E. coli that includes labile toxin/stable toxin and no inflammation or invasion
Type of leprosy characterized by high cell-mediated immunity with largely Th1 response
Host antibodies against this toxin used to diagnose rheumatic fever
Red pigment-producing bacteria
Novobiocin sensitive gram positive cocci
Prophylactic tx of M. avium-intracellulare
Central rash spreading out and sparing palms and soles
India ink stain
Eaton's agar is a special culture requirement for
Confirm diagnosis of syphilis with
Spastic paralysis + lockjaw
Tx of Lyme disease
Gram positive + catalase positive + coagulase positive cocci in clusters
Name one bacteria that stains with Giemsa
People with chronic granulomatous disease have recurrent infections with microbes that are
Weakly acid fast branching filamentous bacteria
Chocolate agar is a special culture requirement for
'Actin rockets' move thi facultative intracellular microbe from cell to cell
Bacteria w/ no cell wall
Severe pneumonia + GI symptoms after exposure from environmental water source
Diabetes + malignant otitis externa
Strain of E. coli that produces Shiga-like toxin and hemolytic-uremic syndrome
Extrapulmonary tuberculosis in vertebral body
HintAnswerExtra
Most common cause of meningitis
Name one facultative intracellular bug
Citrobacter, Klebsiella, E. coli, Enterobacter, and Serratia are tested in what type of media?
Gram positive + catalase negative diplococci + positive quellung reaction
Substance on gram negative outer membrane that induces TNF and IL-1
Silver stain
Tx of H. influenzae meningitis
Quellung reaction occurs in microbes that possess a
Toxin prevents release of stimulatory signals at neuromuscular junctions resulting in flaccid paralysis
Pseudomembranous colitis secondary to antibiotic use
Most common cause of otitis media in children
Exotoxin that causes pharyngitis by inactivating elongation factor EF-2
Black colonies on cystine-tellurite agar
Tx of Neisseria
Cherry red epiglottis in child
Yellow pigment-producing bacteria
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
Colonizes the gut and can cause bacteremia and subacute endocarditis in colon cancer patients
Infection w/ mycobacterium tuberculosis in nonimmune host
Stain used to diagnose Whipple's disease
Pseudomembranous pharyngitis + lymphadenopathy
Bacterial structure that gives rigid support and protects against osmotic pressure
Transfer of plasmid and chromosomal genes
Prevalent among surfers
Lowenstein-Jensen agar is a special culture requirement for
Staph aureus expresses this virulence factor that binds Fc region of Ig and prevents phagocytosis
Toxin prevents release of inhibitory neurotransmitters in spinal cord
What type of antibiotic is ineffective against aerobes because they require O2 to enter bacterial cell?
Expanding bull's eye red rash + flu-like symptoms + facial nerve palsy
Bacitracin resistant + B-hemolytic bacteria that colonizes the vagina
Spiral-shaped bacteria visualized by dark-field microscopy
Bacteria w/ high lipid content in cell wall detected by carbolfuchsin in acid-fast stain
Yellow sulfur granules
Cat scratch disease
Hilar node + Ghon focus in nonimmune host
Strain of E. coli that adheres to apical surface, flattens villi, prevents absorption

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