Science Quiz / Microbiology 1

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Can you name the microbiology term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Strain of E. coli that adheres to apical surface, flattens villi, prevents absorption
Type of leprosy characterized by high cell-mediated immunity with largely Th1 response
Gram positive anaerobe w/ branching filaments
Tellurite plate, Loffler's media are special culture requirements for
Strawberry tongue + impetigo + polyarthritis
Strain of E. coli that includes labile toxin/stable toxin and no inflammation or invasion
Cherry red epiglottis in child
Tx of Lyme disease
Bacteria w/ no cell wall
Type of leprosy characterized by low cell-mediated immunity with a humoral Th2 response
Anemia + thrombocytopenia + acute renal failure
Bacitracin resistant + B-hemolytic bacteria that colonizes the vagina
Painless chancre
B-hemolytic bacteria causing meningitis in newborns
Chocolate agar is a special culture requirement for
Bacterial structure resistant to dehydration, heat, and chemicals
Causes disseminated, non-TB disease in AIDS
Most common cause of meningitis
People with chronic granulomatous disease have recurrent infections with microbes that are
Central rash spreading out and sparing palms and soles
Quellung reaction occurs in microbes that possess a
Yellow sulfur granules
Transfer of plasmid and chromosomal genes
Host antibodies against this toxin used to diagnose rheumatic fever
Rose spots on abdomen + fever + headache + diarrhea
E. coli exotoxin that causes watery diarrhea by overactivating adenylate cyclase, increasing Cl- secretion in gut
Major cause of blood diarrhea in children that commonly precedes Guillain-Barre syndrome
Flu-like symptoms + jaundice + photophobia w/ conjunctivitis
Colonizes the gut and can cause bacteremia and subacute endocarditis in colon cancer patients
Gram negative + oxidase positive microbe that grows at 42 degrees Celsius
Exotoxin that causes pharyngitis by inactivating elongation factor EF-2
Prophylactic tx of M. avium-intracellulare
Infection w/ mycobacterium tuberculosis in nonimmune host
Toxin prevents release of inhibitory neurotransmitters in spinal cord
Bacterial structure that gives rigid support and protects against osmotic pressure
Name one urease-positive microbe
No rash + monocytes with berry-like inclusions in cytoplasm
Penicillins and cephalosporins act in this phase of the bacteria growth curve
HintAnswerExtra
Pseudomembranous pharyngitis + lymphadenopathy
Tx of Neisseria
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
Citrobacter, Klebsiella, E. coli, Enterobacter, and Serratia are tested in what type of media?
Tx of actinomyces
Spastic paralysis + lockjaw
Silver stain
Edema factor of this microbe mimics adenylate cyclase enzyme and is responsible for black eschar on skin
Group A streptococci expresses this virulence factor that helps prevent phagocytosis
Tx of H. influenzae meningitis
Bacteria w/ high lipid content in cell wall detected by carbolfuchsin in acid-fast stain
Bacterial structure that mediates adherence to surfaces, especially foreign surfaces
Novobiocin sensitive gram positive cocci
Staph aureus expresses this virulence factor that binds Fc region of Ig and prevents phagocytosis
Expanding bull's eye red rash + flu-like symptoms + facial nerve palsy
Stain used to diagnose Whipple's disease
Name one bacteria that stains with Giemsa
Associated w/ wound and burn infections
Most common cause of duodenal ulcers
Prevalent among surfers
Tx of Nocardia
Cat scratch disease
Blue-green pigment
Gray vaginal discharge w/ fishy smell
Pseudomembranous colitis secondary to antibiotic use
Substance on gram negative outer membrane that induces TNF and IL-1
Hilar node + Ghon focus in nonimmune host
Ingestion of these spores in honey causes floppy baby syndrome
Yellow pigment-producing bacteria
Gram positive + catalase negative diplococci + positive quellung reaction
Substance on gram positive cell walls that induces TNF and IL-1
Exotoxin that causes GI mucosal damage and dysentery by removing adenine from rRNA to inactivate 60S ribosome
Only bacterium with polypeptide capsule containing D-glutamate
Fibrocaseous cavity lesion in upper lobe
Name one facultative intracellular bug
Rickettsia and chlamydia are what type of microbes?
Gas gangrene and 'double zone' of hemolysis on blood agar
Spiral-shaped bacteria visualized by dark-field microscopy
HintAnswerExtra
Lobar pneumonia in alcoholics and diabetics
Ability to take up naked DNA from the environment
Lowenstein-Jensen agar is a special culture requirement for
Most common cause of otitis media in children
Strain of E. coli that produces Shiga-like toxin and hemolytic-uremic syndrome
Tx of gardnerella
Red pigment-producing bacteria
India ink stain
Confirm diagnosis of syphilis with
Name one bacteria that does not Gram stain well
What type of antibiotic is ineffective against aerobes because they require O2 to enter bacterial cell?
Maculopapular rash on palms and soles
'Actin rockets' move thi facultative intracellular microbe from cell to cell
Normal flora of oropharynx that causes dental caries
Novobiocin resistant gram positive cocci
Causes mesenteric adenitis that can mimic Crohn's or appendicitis
Toxin prevents release of stimulatory signals at neuromuscular junctions resulting in flaccid paralysis
Gram negative cocci
Tx of Listeria meningitis in infants, immunocompromised, elderly
'Rice water' diarrhea
Chronic pneumonia in cystic fibrosis patient
Red currant jelly sputum
Severe pneumonia + GI symptoms after exposure from environmental water source
Weakly acid fast branching filamentous bacteria
Eaton's agar is a special culture requirement for
Nausea/vomiting within 1-5 hours of eating warm rice
Gram positive + catalase positive + coagulase positive cocci in clusters
Strain of E. coli that invades intestinal mucosa and causes necrosis and inflammation, no toxins produced
Extrapulmonary tuberculosis in vertebral body
Screen syphilis with
Bacterial virulence factor that binds Fc region of Ig and prevents opsonization and phagocytosis
Rash starting at wrists and ankles then spreads to trunk, palm, and soles
Diabetes + malignant otitis externa
Black colonies on cystine-tellurite agar
E. coli exotoxin that causes watery diarrhea by overactivating guanylate cyclase and decreasing NaCl/H2O resorption in gut
Glove and stocking loss of sensation + spread by armadillos

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Created Jul 12, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:extra, term

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