Science Quiz / Microbiology 1

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Can you name the microbiology term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Name one bacteria that stains with Giemsa
Red pigment-producing bacteria
Infection w/ mycobacterium tuberculosis in nonimmune host
Only bacterium with polypeptide capsule containing D-glutamate
Substance on gram positive cell walls that induces TNF and IL-1
Rash starting at wrists and ankles then spreads to trunk, palm, and soles
Bacterial structure that mediates adherence to surfaces, especially foreign surfaces
Gram negative + oxidase positive microbe that grows at 42 degrees Celsius
Citrobacter, Klebsiella, E. coli, Enterobacter, and Serratia are tested in what type of media?
Novobiocin resistant gram positive cocci
Severe pneumonia + GI symptoms after exposure from environmental water source
Lobar pneumonia in alcoholics and diabetics
E. coli exotoxin that causes watery diarrhea by overactivating adenylate cyclase, increasing Cl- secretion in gut
Colonizes the gut and can cause bacteremia and subacute endocarditis in colon cancer patients
Yellow pigment-producing bacteria
Quellung reaction occurs in microbes that possess a
Bacitracin resistant + B-hemolytic bacteria that colonizes the vagina
Gram negative cocci
Group A streptococci expresses this virulence factor that helps prevent phagocytosis
Ingestion of these spores in honey causes floppy baby syndrome
Strain of E. coli that adheres to apical surface, flattens villi, prevents absorption
Tx of Lyme disease
Major cause of blood diarrhea in children that commonly precedes Guillain-Barre syndrome
Stain used to diagnose Whipple's disease
Expanding bull's eye red rash + flu-like symptoms + facial nerve palsy
Exotoxin that causes pharyngitis by inactivating elongation factor EF-2
Lowenstein-Jensen agar is a special culture requirement for
Associated w/ wound and burn infections
India ink stain
Tx of H. influenzae meningitis
Tellurite plate, Loffler's media are special culture requirements for
Painless chancre
Causes mesenteric adenitis that can mimic Crohn's or appendicitis
Screen syphilis with
Gas gangrene and 'double zone' of hemolysis on blood agar
Weakly acid fast branching filamentous bacteria
Toxin prevents release of inhibitory neurotransmitters in spinal cord
Extrapulmonary tuberculosis in vertebral body
HintAnswerExtra
Chocolate agar is a special culture requirement for
Bacterial structure resistant to dehydration, heat, and chemicals
Causes disseminated, non-TB disease in AIDS
Gram positive anaerobe w/ branching filaments
Yellow sulfur granules
Confirm diagnosis of syphilis with
Substance on gram negative outer membrane that induces TNF and IL-1
Spastic paralysis + lockjaw
'Rice water' diarrhea
Prophylactic tx of M. avium-intracellulare
Flu-like symptoms + jaundice + photophobia w/ conjunctivitis
Bacteria w/ no cell wall
Name one urease-positive microbe
Bacteria w/ high lipid content in cell wall detected by carbolfuchsin in acid-fast stain
Red currant jelly sputum
Tx of actinomyces
Cat scratch disease
Strain of E. coli that includes labile toxin/stable toxin and no inflammation or invasion
Gray vaginal discharge w/ fishy smell
Tx of gardnerella
What type of antibiotic is ineffective against aerobes because they require O2 to enter bacterial cell?
Most common cause of otitis media in children
Rickettsia and chlamydia are what type of microbes?
Spiral-shaped bacteria visualized by dark-field microscopy
Bacterial virulence factor that binds Fc region of Ig and prevents opsonization and phagocytosis
Strain of E. coli that invades intestinal mucosa and causes necrosis and inflammation, no toxins produced
Transfer of plasmid and chromosomal genes
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
Hilar node + Ghon focus in nonimmune host
Pseudomembranous colitis secondary to antibiotic use
Pseudomembranous pharyngitis + lymphadenopathy
People with chronic granulomatous disease have recurrent infections with microbes that are
Host antibodies against this toxin used to diagnose rheumatic fever
Tx of Listeria meningitis in infants, immunocompromised, elderly
Bacterial structure that gives rigid support and protects against osmotic pressure
Fibrocaseous cavity lesion in upper lobe
Blue-green pigment
Diabetes + malignant otitis externa
HintAnswerExtra
Type of leprosy characterized by low cell-mediated immunity with a humoral Th2 response
Gram positive + catalase positive + coagulase positive cocci in clusters
Staph aureus expresses this virulence factor that binds Fc region of Ig and prevents phagocytosis
Chronic pneumonia in cystic fibrosis patient
Nausea/vomiting within 1-5 hours of eating warm rice
Strawberry tongue + impetigo + polyarthritis
No rash + monocytes with berry-like inclusions in cytoplasm
B-hemolytic bacteria causing meningitis in newborns
Anemia + thrombocytopenia + acute renal failure
Toxin prevents release of stimulatory signals at neuromuscular junctions resulting in flaccid paralysis
Gram positive + catalase negative diplococci + positive quellung reaction
Penicillins and cephalosporins act in this phase of the bacteria growth curve
Prevalent among surfers
Ability to take up naked DNA from the environment
Edema factor of this microbe mimics adenylate cyclase enzyme and is responsible for black eschar on skin
Tx of Nocardia
Eaton's agar is a special culture requirement for
Name one bacteria that does not Gram stain well
Glove and stocking loss of sensation + spread by armadillos
Type of leprosy characterized by high cell-mediated immunity with largely Th1 response
Most common cause of meningitis
Normal flora of oropharynx that causes dental caries
E. coli exotoxin that causes watery diarrhea by overactivating guanylate cyclase and decreasing NaCl/H2O resorption in gut
Rose spots on abdomen + fever + headache + diarrhea
Central rash spreading out and sparing palms and soles
'Actin rockets' move thi facultative intracellular microbe from cell to cell
Black colonies on cystine-tellurite agar
Tx of Neisseria
Maculopapular rash on palms and soles
Silver stain
Most common cause of duodenal ulcers
Novobiocin sensitive gram positive cocci
Strain of E. coli that produces Shiga-like toxin and hemolytic-uremic syndrome
Cherry red epiglottis in child
Exotoxin that causes GI mucosal damage and dysentery by removing adenine from rRNA to inactivate 60S ribosome
Name one facultative intracellular bug

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Created Jul 12, 2012ReportNominate
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