Microbiology 1

Can you name the microbiology term?

Forced Order Answers have to be entered in order
Bacterial virulence factor that binds Fc region of Ig and prevents opsonization and phagocytosis
Causes disseminated, non-TB disease in AIDS
Yellow pigment-producing bacteria
Exotoxin that causes GI mucosal damage and dysentery by removing adenine from rRNA to inactivate 60S ribosome
Type of leprosy characterized by low cell-mediated immunity with a humoral Th2 response
'Rice water' diarrhea
Maculopapular rash on palms and soles
Quellung reaction occurs in microbes that possess a
Strain of E. coli that adheres to apical surface, flattens villi, prevents absorption
Infection w/ mycobacterium tuberculosis in nonimmune host
Confirm diagnosis of syphilis with
Toxin prevents release of inhibitory neurotransmitters in spinal cord
Gas gangrene and 'double zone' of hemolysis on blood agar
Penicillins and cephalosporins act in this phase of the bacteria growth curve
Colonizes the gut and can cause bacteremia and subacute endocarditis in colon cancer patients
Extrapulmonary tuberculosis in vertebral body
Type of leprosy characterized by high cell-mediated immunity with largely Th1 response
Exotoxin that causes pharyngitis by inactivating elongation factor EF-2
Host antibodies against this toxin used to diagnose rheumatic fever
Most common cause of meningitis
Tx of Neisseria
Lowenstein-Jensen agar is a special culture requirement for
'Actin rockets' move thi facultative intracellular microbe from cell to cell
Bacterial structure resistant to dehydration, heat, and chemicals
Normal flora of oropharynx that causes dental caries
Rash starting at wrists and ankles then spreads to trunk, palm, and soles
Silver stain
Rose spots on abdomen + fever + headache + diarrhea
Lobar pneumonia in alcoholics and diabetics
Expanding bull's eye red rash + flu-like symptoms + facial nerve palsy
Weakly acid fast branching filamentous bacteria
What type of antibiotic is ineffective against aerobes because they require O2 to enter bacterial cell?
Transfer of plasmid and chromosomal genes
Diabetes + malignant otitis externa
Gram positive + catalase positive + coagulase positive cocci in clusters
Chocolate agar is a special culture requirement for
Fibrocaseous cavity lesion in upper lobe
Tx of Lyme disease
Bacitracin resistant + B-hemolytic bacteria that colonizes the vagina
Strain of E. coli that includes labile toxin/stable toxin and no inflammation or invasion
Bacterial structure that gives rigid support and protects against osmotic pressure
Rickettsia and chlamydia are what type of microbes?
Group A streptococci expresses this virulence factor that helps prevent phagocytosis
Substance on gram positive cell walls that induces TNF and IL-1
Tx of H. influenzae meningitis
Pseudomembranous pharyngitis + lymphadenopathy
Name one bacteria that does not Gram stain well
Bacterial structure that mediates adherence to surfaces, especially foreign surfaces
Gram positive anaerobe w/ branching filaments
Name one urease-positive microbe
Painless chancre
Pseudomembranous colitis secondary to antibiotic use
Spiral-shaped bacteria visualized by dark-field microscopy
E. coli exotoxin that causes watery diarrhea by overactivating adenylate cyclase, increasing Cl- secretion in gut
Gram negative cocci
Strawberry tongue + impetigo + polyarthritis
Yellow sulfur granules
Associated w/ wound and burn infections
Screen syphilis with
Only bacterium with polypeptide capsule containing D-glutamate
India ink stain
Flu-like symptoms + jaundice + photophobia w/ conjunctivitis
Cat scratch disease
Tx of Listeria meningitis in infants, immunocompromised, elderly
Tx of actinomyces
Blue-green pigment
Most common cause of duodenal ulcers
Citrobacter, Klebsiella, E. coli, Enterobacter, and Serratia are tested in what type of media?
Red currant jelly sputum
Most common cause of otitis media in children
Cherry red epiglottis in child
Ingestion of these spores in honey causes floppy baby syndrome
Gram negative + oxidase positive microbe that grows at 42 degrees Celsius
Name one facultative intracellular bug
Ability to take up naked DNA from the environment
Prophylactic tx of M. avium-intracellulare
Gray vaginal discharge w/ fishy smell
Prevalent among surfers
Staph aureus expresses this virulence factor that binds Fc region of Ig and prevents phagocytosis
Central rash spreading out and sparing palms and soles
Stain used to diagnose Whipple's disease
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
Strain of E. coli that invades intestinal mucosa and causes necrosis and inflammation, no toxins produced
No rash + monocytes with berry-like inclusions in cytoplasm
Edema factor of this microbe mimics adenylate cyclase enzyme and is responsible for black eschar on skin
People with chronic granulomatous disease have recurrent infections with microbes that are
Bacteria w/ no cell wall
Nausea/vomiting within 1-5 hours of eating warm rice
Name one bacteria that stains with Giemsa
Gram positive + catalase negative diplococci + positive quellung reaction
Hilar node + Ghon focus in nonimmune host
Black colonies on cystine-tellurite agar
Toxin prevents release of stimulatory signals at neuromuscular junctions resulting in flaccid paralysis
Spastic paralysis + lockjaw
Glove and stocking loss of sensation + spread by armadillos
Anemia + thrombocytopenia + acute renal failure
Substance on gram negative outer membrane that induces TNF and IL-1
Novobiocin sensitive gram positive cocci
Causes mesenteric adenitis that can mimic Crohn's or appendicitis
Tx of Nocardia
B-hemolytic bacteria causing meningitis in newborns
Bacteria w/ high lipid content in cell wall detected by carbolfuchsin in acid-fast stain
Red pigment-producing bacteria
Eaton's agar is a special culture requirement for
Strain of E. coli that produces Shiga-like toxin and hemolytic-uremic syndrome
Tellurite plate, Loffler's media are special culture requirements for
E. coli exotoxin that causes watery diarrhea by overactivating guanylate cyclase and decreasing NaCl/H2O resorption in gut
Chronic pneumonia in cystic fibrosis patient
Severe pneumonia + GI symptoms after exposure from environmental water source
Novobiocin resistant gram positive cocci
Tx of gardnerella
Major cause of blood diarrhea in children that commonly precedes Guillain-Barre syndrome
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Last Updated: Feb 16, 2017

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