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QUIZ: Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Connects brainstem nuclei (aminergic) and hypothalamus, PFC
Global loss of cortex
Drug used to treat malignant hyperthermia
Lesion here causes eyes to look away from side of lesion
Defects in prosencephalic cleavage
Part of the hypothalamus responsible for thermoregulation
Distal muscle weakness, NO pain
Pituitary tumor causes this visual defect
Seizure of quick, repetitive jerks
Destructive, hemorrhagic lesions in temporal and frontal lobes
Vacuolar myelopathy, looks like B12 deficiency
Carbon monoxide causes bilateral necrosis of the
GI complaints, cutaneous features, Mees' lines on the nails, severe axonal neuropathy
Cerebellum receives contralateral cortical input via the
Can cause watershed zone stroke between territories, usually from cardiopulmonary arrest or severe shock
Psammoma bodies
Parkinson's drug that selectively inhibits MAO-B
Lateral geniculate nucleus input
MCC of bacterial meningitis in adults
Area between ACA/MCA, PCA/MCA; damaged in severe hypotension causing 'man in a barrel' syndrome
Nucleus that synthesizes GABA
Axons get incorporated into this tumor, usually on peripheral nerves and roots
Fluctuating cognitive ability, visual hallucinations, extrapyramidal signs
Lobar intracerebral hemorrhage
Lateral geniculate nucleus output
Methanol causes necrosis of the
Reversible, acute confusion, nystagmus, ataxia
Huntington's disease chromosome
Complex malformation of anterior and posterior neuropores
Causes thiamine deficiency, hepatic failure, hyponatremia, central pontine myelonecrosis, cerebellar degeneration, necrosis of corpus callosum
CSF: Elevated PMNs, low glucose, elevated protein. What kind of meningitis?
Seizure of stiffening
CSF: Increased lymphocytes, increased pressure, slightly increased protein. What kind of meningitis?
Lewy body protein
Lesion here causes internuclear ophthalmoplegia
Huntington's chorea result of loss of what neurotransmitter?
MC intracranial PNET
Lesion here causes disinhibition and deficits in concentration, orientation, judgment, may have re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Lesion here causes left hemineglect
Lesion of the arcuate fasciculus causes
Dementia, myoclonus, periodic EEG, rapid progression
Lesion here causes Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (confusion, ophthalmoplegia, memory loss, confabulation)
Treatment of thrombotic focal ischemia
Replicates in skeletal muscle and ascends to CNS via retrograde transport
From embryonal stem cells, arises from Rathke's pouch
Commonly found at gray-white junction
Obligate intracellular, calcified granulomas
Alzheimer type II astrocytes, Opalski cells
Co-deletion of 1p19q linked to survival of 120 months (vs. 12)
MLD enzyme
Tumor lined with ciliated cells
Medial geniculate nucleus output
Can cause Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Proximal subarachnoid hemorrhage
Paralysis of vertical gaze, absence of convergence, pupillary disturbance, non-communicating hydrocephalus
Ipsi loss of fine touch/position, ipsi spastic paresis, contra loss of pain/temp, ipsi flaccid paresis at level of lesion
Verocay body
Treatment of Wilson's disease
MCC sporadic encephalitis
Lesion here results in reduced levels of arousal and wakefulness (e.g. coma)
Duchenne and Becker's muscular dystrophies have x-linked recessive defect in
MCC of bacterial meningitis in children
'Drop' seizure, commonly mistaken for fainting
HintAnswerExtra
Parkinsonism, ataxia, autonomic dysfunction
Lesion here causes truncal ataxia, dysarthria
Floppy infant, normal enzymes
Neurotransmitter DECREASED in anxiety, depression
MCC of fungal meningitis
Butterfly endothelial proliferation, pleiomorphism, necrosis, astrocytic hypercellularity
Permanent memory disturbance and confabulation
Seizure of alternating stiffening and movement
Friedrich's ataxia patients have poor handling of what?
Alzheimer's is associated with what chromosome?
Hypertension causes thickening but paradoxical weakening of perforating areas
Supraoptic nucleus makes
Hemorrhagic necrosis on crests of cortical surface
Tumor of endothelial precursors
Floppy infant, nonprogressive weakness, normal serum muscle enzymes
Degeneration of dorsal and lateral white matter columns with demyelination, macrophage infiltration and axonal loss
Cholinesterase inhibitor to treat Alzheimer's
Caseating granulomata along vessels in meninges and brain parenchyma
Ground glass inclusions, pleimorphic astrocytes
Soap bubble cysts
Lesion here causes anterograde amnesia
Neurotransmitter INCREASED in schizophrenia, DECREASED in Parkinson's and depression
Homer Wright rosettes
Center of conjugate vertical gaze
Extracellular beta-amyloid plaques and secondary intracellular tau tangles
Nucleus of visceral sensory information (e.g. taste, baroreceptors, gut distention)
Dorsal columns damage, loss of fine touch and position sense
Mickey Mouse midbrain
Painless, bilateral opacification of the lens, loss of vision
NMDA blocker to treat Alzheimer's
Medial geniculate nucleus input
Nemaline myopathy autosomal dominant form mutation
Nemaline myopathy autosomal recessive form mutation
Periventricular plaques and lymphocytes
Lesion here causes fluent aphasia with impaired comprehension
Rosenthal fibers
Neurotransmitter DECREASED in anxiety, Huntington's
Area in the brain where Alzheimer's usually begins
Autosomal recessive defect in frataxin
Knife-edge gyri, disinhibition, dementia
Acute, painless monocular loss of vision; pale retina and cherry-red macula
Loss of bilateral pupillary constriction when light is shone in affected eye, due to optic nerve damage or retinal detachment
Amorphous exudate around microvessels
Large, often wedge shaped, large caliber atrial and venous channels, gliotic and hemosider-stained tissue between channels
Defects in gyral formation
Retinoic acid analog, teratogenic
Lymphocytic perivascular cuffing. What kind of meningitis?
Linked to von Hippel Lindau disease
Neurotransmitter DECREASED in Alzheimer's, Huntington's, and REM sleep
Treatment of Guillain-Barre
Many small gyri that only have 2 layers
In closed/narrow angle glaucoma, what should you NOT give to the pt?
MC fungal infxn found at autopsy
Lateral medullary syndrome, PICA occluded
Varying caliber vessels without intervening neural parenchyma, oozes blood
Nucleus that synthesizes 5HT
Lesion here causes eyes to look toward lesion
Pick's body protein
Appearance of increased CSF in atrophy
Protein inclusions in Parkinson's disease
Synuclein inclusions of PSP found where?
Wilson's disease genetics
Primary CNS lymphoma
HintAnswerExtra
Nucleus that synthesizes ACh
Causes retinal edema and ganglion cell degeneration, blindness
Connects mammillary bodies with anterior thalamus
Meningioma may have deletion of what chromosome?
First histological feature of ischemic brain disease
Separation of neurosensory layer of retina from pigment epithelium, degeneration of photoreceptors, vision loss
ALD genetics
MCC of multiple intracranial mass in AIDS
Guillain-Barre of the CNS
Globose tau tangles
Epilepsy drug that auto-induces its own metabolism
Binds endothelial enzymes and disrupts BBB
Treatment of ALD
Connects amygdala with hypothalamus, mammillary body
Parieto-occipital demyelination
Procaine, cocaine, tetracaine are what type of anesthetics?
Lesion of the subthalamic nucleus results in
Huntington's drug, dopamine receptor antagonist
Cause of stroke in young people
Cowdry A inclusions
Tumor that occurs in the ventricles
Cerebellum receives ipsilateral proprioceptive information via the
Proximal muscle weakness, pain
Lesion of both Broca's and Wernicke's areas causes
MLD genetics
Lesion here causes alexia and agraphia
Kayser-Fleischer rings
Distal subararachnoid hemorrhage
Central pontine myelonecrosis caused by rapid correction of
Supranuclear ophthalmoparesis, rigidity, gait disturbance
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, bupivacaine are what type of esters?
Lesion here causes ipsilateral limb ataxia, falling to side of lesion
Photopigment present in ganglion cells in the retina whose axons transmit info to the suprachiasmatic nucleus
Lesion here causes nonfluent aphasia with intact comprehesion
Cowdry B inclusions
ALS treatment
Drug-induced Parkinsonism
Neurofibromatosis type I mutation
Diffuse petechial hemorrhages in white matter
Destruction of a piece of germinal matrix causing part of the cortex to fail to develop
Neurotransmitter synthesized by the arcuate nucleus
Hairlike astrocytic processes
Integrative center that controls homeostasis
CD20 stains B-cells in this tumor
Impaired muscle relaxation, distal wasting, frontal bald hatchet face, and endocrine abnormalities
Pleiomorphism, but no angiogenesis
Connects hippocampus with hypothalamus, mammillary body
Bilateral loss of pain and thermal sense at that level
Wilson's disease patients have defect of handling what?
Neurotransmitter INCREASED in anxiety, DECREASED in depression
Focal loss of previously formed cortex
Paraventricular nucleus makes
Output nerve fiber of the cerebellum
Nucleus that synthesizes NE
Krabbe's disease accumulation
Neural tube defects are detectable by
Can compress optic chiasm or cavernous sinus, cause hyperprolactinemia
Band of grey matter underneath the white
Multinuclear macrophage (globoid cell)
Lesion here causes Kl├╝ver-Bucy syndrome (hyperorality, hypersexuality, disinhibited behavior)
Increase in ICP, elevated optic disk w/ blurred margins, bigger blindspot
Internal nuclei at biopsy

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