Science Quiz / Microbiology 2

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Can you name the microbiology term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Binds to 23S rRNA of the 50S ribosomal subunit
Croup
Chronic watery diarrhea + acid-fast cysts in stool in HIV positive pt
Narrow based budding
Negri bodies
Prevention of postsurgical infxn due to S. aureus
Hydrops fetalis
Inhibits cell wall peptidoglycan formation by binding D-ala D-ala of cell wall precursors
Prophylaxis for syphilis
Pneumonia in cystic fibrosis
Blocks peptide transfer at 50S ribosomal subunit
Tx of Blastomyces, Coccidioides, Histoplasma
Rash beginning at head and moving down + cough + blue-white spots on buccal mucosa
Inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase
Cotton-wool spots on fundoscopic exam
Side effect is red/orange body fluids
Branching rods in oral infection + sulfur granules
High fever + black vomitus + jaundice
Tx of RSV
Inhibits bacterial dihydrofolate reductase
Factor of HIV associated with poor prognosis
Structural gene for HIV attachment to host CD4+ T cell
'Red man syndrome' toxicity
Traumatic open wound
Pleuritic pain + hemoptysis + infiltrates on CXR
Antifungal that interferes with microtubule function
Bronchiolitis in babies
What should always be administered with imipenem (broad spectrum B-lactamase resistant carbapenem)?
Tx of herpes zoster
Sepsis/meningitis in newborn
Forms free radical toxic metabolites in the bacterial cell that damage DNA
What should you combine with ampicillin or amoxicillin to protect against B-lactamase?
Mild fever + cough + hepatosplenomegaly + tongue ulcer + oval yeast cells in macrophages
Best serologic marker to detect active hepatitis A
Meningococcal prophylaxis in children
Prophylaxis of PCP and toxoplasmosis in HIV patients
Monobactam resistant to B-lactamases
HintAnswerExtra
Healthcare provider needlestick
Prophylaxis of Mycobacterium avium complex in HIV patients
Vesicular rash begins on trunk and spreads to face and extremities with lesions of different ages
Sandpaper rash + fever + sore throat
Most common cause of infantile gastroenteritis
'Gray baby' toxicity
Tx of Pseudomonas
Tx of history of recurrent UTIs
Blocks detoxification of heme into hemozoin
'Swish and swallow' for oral candidiasis
Febrile seizures + macular rash all over body
Most common cause of UTI
Blocks peptidyltransferase at 50S ribosomal subunit
Most common cause of pneumonia in adults ages 40-65 yrs
Most common cause of meningitis in adults to age 60 yrs
Reassortment of viral genome + causes pandemics
Vesicular rash on palms and soles
Bloody diarrhea outbreak in daycare
Most common cause of pneumonia in neonates
Tx of cryptococcal meningitis in AIDS patients
Serologic marker that indicates active HBV viral replication and high transmissibility
Most common cause of meningitis in children to age 6 yrs
Ring-enhancing lesions on neuro imaging
Pediatric epiglottitis
Positive during window period of hepatitis B
Structural gene for HIV fusion and entry to host CD4+ T cell
Serologic marker that indicates immunity to hepatitis B
Oseltamivir tx influenza by inhibiting
Notched teeth + saddle nose + CNVIII deafness in newborn
Kernicterus toxicity
Tx of serious, systemic mycoses
Food poisoning from reheated rice
Tx of MRSA
Tx of meningitis and gonorrhea
Tx of toxicity of trimethroprim/methotrexate
Positive PAS stain
Chorioretinitis + hydrocephalus + intracranial calcifications
HintAnswerExtra
Monoclonal antibody that can prevent RSV in premature infants
Tendon rupture toxicity
Pyrophosphate analog tx of CMV retinitis
'Slapped cheek' rash on face
Neutrophilic inflammation + superficial vascular proliferation in HIV positive pt
ADH antagonist that acts as a diuretic in SIADH
Most common cause of pneumonia in the elderly
Blueberry muffin rash + patent ductus arteriosus
Liver enzyme elevated in viral hepatitis
Minor changes based on random mutation + causes epidemics
IMP dehydrogenase inhibitor
Rash beginning at head and moving down + postauricular lymphadenopathy
Pus, empyema, abscess
Tx anaerobic infections in aspiration pneumonia or lung abscesses
Facial nerve palsy
Inhibit formation of initiation complex and cause misreading of mRNA
Prophylaxis for pregnant woman carrying group B strep
Painful genital ulcer
Encephalopathy in HIV positive patient
Bullet-shaped virus
Tx of Schistosoma
Owl's eye inclusions on lung biopsy
Dog or cat bite
Most common cause of meningitis in adults over 60
Osteomyelitis in diabetic
Antifungal that inhibits squalene epoxidase
Osteomyelitis in vertebral disease
Most common cause of pneumonia in children to age 18 yrs
Bloody diarrhea + hemolytic uremic syndrome
Osteomyelitis in sickle cell pt
Most common cause of mesenteric adenitis (mimics appendicitis)
Hepatitis B serologic marker that indicates low transmissibility
Osteomyelitis in sexually active pt
Most common cause of meningitis in newborn
Hairy leukoplakia on lateral tongue
Most common cause of pneumonia in adults ages 18-40 yrs

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