Science Quiz / Microbiology 2

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QUIZ: Can you name the microbiology term?

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Hydrops fetalis
Most common cause of pneumonia in children to age 18 yrs
Minor changes based on random mutation + causes epidemics
Most common cause of pneumonia in the elderly
Prophylaxis of PCP and toxoplasmosis in HIV patients
Tx of serious, systemic mycoses
Binds to 23S rRNA of the 50S ribosomal subunit
Liver enzyme elevated in viral hepatitis
Prophylaxis of Mycobacterium avium complex in HIV patients
Dog or cat bite
Positive PAS stain
Reassortment of viral genome + causes pandemics
Monoclonal antibody that can prevent RSV in premature infants
'Slapped cheek' rash on face
Oseltamivir tx influenza by inhibiting
Chorioretinitis + hydrocephalus + intracranial calcifications
Painful genital ulcer
Pyrophosphate analog tx of CMV retinitis
Forms free radical toxic metabolites in the bacterial cell that damage DNA
Pus, empyema, abscess
Blueberry muffin rash + patent ductus arteriosus
Most common cause of meningitis in adults over 60
Tx of history of recurrent UTIs
Pleuritic pain + hemoptysis + infiltrates on CXR
'Gray baby' toxicity
Vesicular rash on palms and soles
Side effect is red/orange body fluids
Chronic watery diarrhea + acid-fast cysts in stool in HIV positive pt
Monobactam resistant to B-lactamases
Tx of cryptococcal meningitis in AIDS patients
Rash beginning at head and moving down + postauricular lymphadenopathy
Most common cause of meningitis in adults to age 60 yrs
Bronchiolitis in babies
Branching rods in oral infection + sulfur granules
Cotton-wool spots on fundoscopic exam
Factor of HIV associated with poor prognosis
'Swish and swallow' for oral candidiasis
Best serologic marker to detect active hepatitis A
Hairy leukoplakia on lateral tongue
Most common cause of pneumonia in adults ages 18-40 yrs
Inhibits cell wall peptidoglycan formation by binding D-ala D-ala of cell wall precursors
Most common cause of mesenteric adenitis (mimics appendicitis)
Inhibits bacterial dihydrofolate reductase
Positive during window period of hepatitis B
Tx of MRSA
Sandpaper rash + fever + sore throat
Mild fever + cough + hepatosplenomegaly + tongue ulcer + oval yeast cells in macrophages
Tx anaerobic infections in aspiration pneumonia or lung abscesses
'Red man syndrome' toxicity
Antifungal that interferes with microtubule function
Tx of Schistosoma
What should always be administered with imipenem (broad spectrum B-lactamase resistant carbapenem)?
Narrow based budding
Blocks peptide transfer at 50S ribosomal subunit
Facial nerve palsy
Bloody diarrhea + hemolytic uremic syndrome
Encephalopathy in HIV positive patient
Osteomyelitis in diabetic
Bloody diarrhea outbreak in daycare
Vesicular rash begins on trunk and spreads to face and extremities with lesions of different ages
IMP dehydrogenase inhibitor
Bullet-shaped virus
Most common cause of meningitis in newborn
Prophylaxis for pregnant woman carrying group B strep
Prevention of postsurgical infxn due to S. aureus
Owl's eye inclusions on lung biopsy
Most common cause of UTI
Notched teeth + saddle nose + CNVIII deafness in newborn
Tx of toxicity of trimethroprim/methotrexate
Kernicterus toxicity
Febrile seizures + macular rash all over body
Tx of herpes zoster
Tx of Pseudomonas
What should you combine with ampicillin or amoxicillin to protect against B-lactamase?
Structural gene for HIV attachment to host CD4+ T cell
Osteomyelitis in sexually active pt
Rash beginning at head and moving down + cough + blue-white spots on buccal mucosa
Ring-enhancing lesions on neuro imaging
Tendon rupture toxicity
Food poisoning from reheated rice
Structural gene for HIV fusion and entry to host CD4+ T cell
Osteomyelitis in vertebral disease
Traumatic open wound
Pneumonia in cystic fibrosis
Most common cause of infantile gastroenteritis
Most common cause of meningitis in children to age 6 yrs
Tx of Blastomyces, Coccidioides, Histoplasma
Serologic marker that indicates immunity to hepatitis B
Blocks detoxification of heme into hemozoin
Pediatric epiglottitis
Tx of RSV
Sepsis/meningitis in newborn
Osteomyelitis in sickle cell pt
Hepatitis B serologic marker that indicates low transmissibility
Inhibit formation of initiation complex and cause misreading of mRNA
Negri bodies
Neutrophilic inflammation + superficial vascular proliferation in HIV positive pt
Antifungal that inhibits squalene epoxidase
High fever + black vomitus + jaundice
Healthcare provider needlestick
Blocks peptidyltransferase at 50S ribosomal subunit
Inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase
Most common cause of pneumonia in neonates
Meningococcal prophylaxis in children
Prophylaxis for syphilis
Tx of meningitis and gonorrhea
ADH antagonist that acts as a diuretic in SIADH
Most common cause of pneumonia in adults ages 40-65 yrs
Serologic marker that indicates active HBV viral replication and high transmissibility

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