Science Quiz / Microbiology 2

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Can you name the microbiology term?

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Inhibits cell wall peptidoglycan formation by binding D-ala D-ala of cell wall precursors
Oseltamivir tx influenza by inhibiting
Blocks detoxification of heme into hemozoin
Painful genital ulcer
Most common cause of pneumonia in neonates
Neutrophilic inflammation + superficial vascular proliferation in HIV positive pt
Most common cause of meningitis in adults over 60
Tx of MRSA
Bullet-shaped virus
Bloody diarrhea outbreak in daycare
Notched teeth + saddle nose + CNVIII deafness in newborn
What should always be administered with imipenem (broad spectrum B-lactamase resistant carbapenem)?
Pneumonia in cystic fibrosis
Most common cause of pneumonia in children to age 18 yrs
Binds to 23S rRNA of the 50S ribosomal subunit
IMP dehydrogenase inhibitor
Chorioretinitis + hydrocephalus + intracranial calcifications
Hepatitis B serologic marker that indicates low transmissibility
Rash beginning at head and moving down + cough + blue-white spots on buccal mucosa
Osteomyelitis in diabetic
Negri bodies
Best serologic marker to detect active hepatitis A
Tx of history of recurrent UTIs
Prophylaxis for syphilis
Antifungal that inhibits squalene epoxidase
Most common cause of infantile gastroenteritis
What should you combine with ampicillin or amoxicillin to protect against B-lactamase?
Dog or cat bite
Inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase
Osteomyelitis in vertebral disease
Tx of toxicity of trimethroprim/methotrexate
Encephalopathy in HIV positive patient
'Red man syndrome' toxicity
Bronchiolitis in babies
Serologic marker that indicates active HBV viral replication and high transmissibility
Reassortment of viral genome + causes pandemics
Inhibit formation of initiation complex and cause misreading of mRNA
Blueberry muffin rash + patent ductus arteriosus
Healthcare provider needlestick
Kernicterus toxicity
Tx of Blastomyces, Coccidioides, Histoplasma
'Swish and swallow' for oral candidiasis
Monoclonal antibody that can prevent RSV in premature infants
Prophylaxis of PCP and toxoplasmosis in HIV patients
Febrile seizures + macular rash all over body
Meningococcal prophylaxis in children
Traumatic open wound
Monobactam resistant to B-lactamases
Positive PAS stain
Pleuritic pain + hemoptysis + infiltrates on CXR
Tx of cryptococcal meningitis in AIDS patients
Blocks peptide transfer at 50S ribosomal subunit
Narrow based budding
Tx of Pseudomonas
Minor changes based on random mutation + causes epidemics
Hydrops fetalis
Most common cause of pneumonia in adults ages 40-65 yrs
Most common cause of meningitis in newborn
Pyrophosphate analog tx of CMV retinitis
Bloody diarrhea + hemolytic uremic syndrome
Most common cause of meningitis in adults to age 60 yrs
Vesicular rash begins on trunk and spreads to face and extremities with lesions of different ages
Side effect is red/orange body fluids
Tx of RSV
Factor of HIV associated with poor prognosis
Mild fever + cough + hepatosplenomegaly + tongue ulcer + oval yeast cells in macrophages
Food poisoning from reheated rice
Structural gene for HIV fusion and entry to host CD4+ T cell
Most common cause of mesenteric adenitis (mimics appendicitis)
Liver enzyme elevated in viral hepatitis
Osteomyelitis in sickle cell pt
Most common cause of meningitis in children to age 6 yrs
High fever + black vomitus + jaundice
Sepsis/meningitis in newborn
Chronic watery diarrhea + acid-fast cysts in stool in HIV positive pt
Forms free radical toxic metabolites in the bacterial cell that damage DNA
Branching rods in oral infection + sulfur granules
Serologic marker that indicates immunity to hepatitis B
Pediatric epiglottitis
ADH antagonist that acts as a diuretic in SIADH
Osteomyelitis in sexually active pt
Pus, empyema, abscess
'Gray baby' toxicity
Owl's eye inclusions on lung biopsy
Prevention of postsurgical infxn due to S. aureus
Facial nerve palsy
Tendon rupture toxicity
Tx anaerobic infections in aspiration pneumonia or lung abscesses
Tx of herpes zoster
Prophylaxis of Mycobacterium avium complex in HIV patients
Most common cause of pneumonia in adults ages 18-40 yrs
Sandpaper rash + fever + sore throat
Cotton-wool spots on fundoscopic exam
Antifungal that interferes with microtubule function
Most common cause of UTI
Tx of serious, systemic mycoses
Most common cause of pneumonia in the elderly
Hairy leukoplakia on lateral tongue
Structural gene for HIV attachment to host CD4+ T cell
Rash beginning at head and moving down + postauricular lymphadenopathy
'Slapped cheek' rash on face
Inhibits bacterial dihydrofolate reductase
Vesicular rash on palms and soles
Positive during window period of hepatitis B
Tx of Schistosoma
Blocks peptidyltransferase at 50S ribosomal subunit
Ring-enhancing lesions on neuro imaging
Prophylaxis for pregnant woman carrying group B strep
Tx of meningitis and gonorrhea

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