Science Quiz / Microbiology 2

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Can you name the microbiology term?

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Rash beginning at head and moving down + postauricular lymphadenopathy
Inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase
'Swish and swallow' for oral candidiasis
High fever + black vomitus + jaundice
Most common cause of meningitis in children to age 6 yrs
Traumatic open wound
'Gray baby' toxicity
Positive PAS stain
Inhibit formation of initiation complex and cause misreading of mRNA
Prevention of postsurgical infxn due to S. aureus
Blocks peptidyltransferase at 50S ribosomal subunit
Encephalopathy in HIV positive patient
Hydrops fetalis
Meningococcal prophylaxis in children
Sepsis/meningitis in newborn
Factor of HIV associated with poor prognosis
Tendon rupture toxicity
Most common cause of pneumonia in the elderly
Most common cause of pneumonia in adults ages 18-40 yrs
Osteomyelitis in sexually active pt
Tx of Blastomyces, Coccidioides, Histoplasma
Chronic watery diarrhea + acid-fast cysts in stool in HIV positive pt
Tx anaerobic infections in aspiration pneumonia or lung abscesses
Pediatric epiglottitis
Forms free radical toxic metabolites in the bacterial cell that damage DNA
IMP dehydrogenase inhibitor
Bloody diarrhea outbreak in daycare
Food poisoning from reheated rice
'Slapped cheek' rash on face
Reassortment of viral genome + causes pandemics
Liver enzyme elevated in viral hepatitis
Inhibits cell wall peptidoglycan formation by binding D-ala D-ala of cell wall precursors
Tx of meningitis and gonorrhea
Most common cause of meningitis in newborn
Prophylaxis for syphilis
Bullet-shaped virus
Pleuritic pain + hemoptysis + infiltrates on CXR
Mild fever + cough + hepatosplenomegaly + tongue ulcer + oval yeast cells in macrophages
Most common cause of UTI
Facial nerve palsy
Structural gene for HIV fusion and entry to host CD4+ T cell
Blueberry muffin rash + patent ductus arteriosus
Cotton-wool spots on fundoscopic exam
Pneumonia in cystic fibrosis
Prophylaxis for pregnant woman carrying group B strep
Most common cause of pneumonia in neonates
Monoclonal antibody that can prevent RSV in premature infants
Binds to 23S rRNA of the 50S ribosomal subunit
Pus, empyema, abscess
Chorioretinitis + hydrocephalus + intracranial calcifications
Healthcare provider needlestick
Osteomyelitis in diabetic
Narrow based budding
Antifungal that inhibits squalene epoxidase
Tx of history of recurrent UTIs
Serologic marker that indicates active HBV viral replication and high transmissibility
Hairy leukoplakia on lateral tongue
Owl's eye inclusions on lung biopsy
Rash beginning at head and moving down + cough + blue-white spots on buccal mucosa
Most common cause of pneumonia in children to age 18 yrs
Most common cause of meningitis in adults to age 60 yrs
What should always be administered with imipenem (broad spectrum B-lactamase resistant carbapenem)?
Pyrophosphate analog tx of CMV retinitis
Antifungal that interferes with microtubule function
What should you combine with ampicillin or amoxicillin to protect against B-lactamase?
Prophylaxis of Mycobacterium avium complex in HIV patients
Febrile seizures + macular rash all over body
Vesicular rash begins on trunk and spreads to face and extremities with lesions of different ages
Minor changes based on random mutation + causes epidemics
Serologic marker that indicates immunity to hepatitis B
Tx of cryptococcal meningitis in AIDS patients
Bronchiolitis in babies
ADH antagonist that acts as a diuretic in SIADH
Blocks peptide transfer at 50S ribosomal subunit
Monobactam resistant to B-lactamases
Vesicular rash on palms and soles
Osteomyelitis in vertebral disease
Tx of RSV
Painful genital ulcer
'Red man syndrome' toxicity
Tx of herpes zoster
Osteomyelitis in sickle cell pt
Structural gene for HIV attachment to host CD4+ T cell
Ring-enhancing lesions on neuro imaging
Oseltamivir tx influenza by inhibiting
Tx of Schistosoma
Tx of serious, systemic mycoses
Hepatitis B serologic marker that indicates low transmissibility
Most common cause of infantile gastroenteritis
Inhibits bacterial dihydrofolate reductase
Tx of Pseudomonas
Negri bodies
Neutrophilic inflammation + superficial vascular proliferation in HIV positive pt
Most common cause of pneumonia in adults ages 40-65 yrs
Tx of toxicity of trimethroprim/methotrexate
Most common cause of mesenteric adenitis (mimics appendicitis)
Dog or cat bite
Notched teeth + saddle nose + CNVIII deafness in newborn
Kernicterus toxicity
Positive during window period of hepatitis B
Bloody diarrhea + hemolytic uremic syndrome
Prophylaxis of PCP and toxoplasmosis in HIV patients
Most common cause of meningitis in adults over 60
Sandpaper rash + fever + sore throat
Side effect is red/orange body fluids
Blocks detoxification of heme into hemozoin
Branching rods in oral infection + sulfur granules
Tx of MRSA
Best serologic marker to detect active hepatitis A

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