Science Quiz / Human Health and Physiology Glossary of Terms

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Can you name the Human Health and Physiology Glossary of Terms?

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Blood vessel which carries blood away from the heart
Insoluble fibres which form a clot
Cell structures which release energy in aerobic respiration
The chemical reactions which take place in the body
Process where blood cells are trapped in fibrin to stem blood flow
Blood vessels which carry blood to the heart
Folds on cells on the surface of villi
A fluid which lubricates joints and reduces friction
The physical appearance of a characteristic
Minute blood vessels which form a network close to the cells
The gullet, the pipe which carries food from the mouth to the stomach
The process by which stem cells change to specialised cells
Process when red blood cells stick together
Removal of waste materials produced by the cells
Hormone produced by the pancreas which causes an increase in blood sugar
Basic unit of the body
A group of similar cells
Sugar-based food providing energy
Endocrine gland at the base of the brain
Open up or get wider
Threads of genetic material in the nucleus
Chemical made from excess amino acids found in urine
Hormone produced by the thyroid gland which controls metabolic rate
Chemicals used to kill pathogens outside the body
Produced by white blood cells to attack antigens
An insoluble carbohydrate made from glucose molecules
Damage to muscles
Control of body temperature
Genetically identical cells
Lack of food
Transfer of organs or tissues from donor to recipient
Sex cells
A substance which dissolves in water
Damage to ligaments
Spontaneous change in a gene or chromosome
A condition where the immune system attacks the gut lining, triggered by gluten
A chemical messenger produced by endocrine glands
Control of water in the body
The method that the body digests food
The position of the body
Joints which contain synovial fluid and can move easily
Hormone produced by testis
Region of cell in which most chemical reactions take place
Speeds up a chemical reaction
White blood cell which engulfs pathogens
Cell division which produces two identical cells
Fat-based food used for insulation and energy storage
Treatment using radiation
Release of energy from food when oxygen is present
Surrounds the cytoplasm and controls movement of materials in and out of the cell
Release of an egg from the ovary
Enzyme which digests protein
Condition caused by lack of iron
Condition resulting in high blood sugar if not controlled
A soluble blood protein which changes to fibrin in clotting
HintAnswer
Tiny hair-like structures on the surface of cells of airways
A simple sugar, the most common form of energy source used in respiration
Insoluble food material found in vegetables
The age when the secondary sexual characteristics develop
Transfer of blood or blood products to a patient
Nerves which carry impulses from the central nervous system to effectors
Joins muscle to bone
Small 'strings' which are attached to the eye lens
Transport medium containing cells and plasma
Smooth tissue which covers ends of bones
A genetic diagram to illustrate crosses
Enzyme which digests lipids
Chemicals which cause cancer
Flaps to prevent backflow in circulation
Breakdown of surplus amino acids to form urea
A section of DNA which codes for the production of a protein
Endocrine gland in the neck
Protein and iron compound which carries oxygen
Flap which covers the opening of the trachea (windpipe) when swallowing
Structures which detect stimuli
Pain felt when blood flow is restricted in coronary arteries
Chemicals produced by fungi which can kill bacteria
Glands in the cheeks and under the tongue
Fluid produced by cells to lubricate body tubes
Condition caused by extreme dieting due to negative self image
Clear covering of the eye
The characteristic which is shown when two different alleles are present
Alkaline fluid containing amylase
The liquid part of the blood
An automatic response to a stimulus
Muscles or glands which respond to stimuli
Hormone produced by the pancreas which causes a reduction in blood sugar
Food used for growth and repair
Net movement of water from a region of high water concentration to low water concentration
Strong bands of connective tissue which hold bones together
Methods to prevent sperm reaching an egg or prevent implantation
Blood cell containing haemoglobin
Nerves which carry impulses from receptors to the central nervous system
Description of a person that has two different alleles for a characteristic
Descriptive of a person that has two identical alleles for a characteristic
Enzyme in the mouth which digests starch
Condition caused by a lack of vitamin D
A structure made from several tissues with a particular function
Condition caused by a lack of vitamin C
Barrier between the blood of a mother and a fetus which allows materials to diffuse across
Organisms which cause disease
Upper chamber in the heart
Net movement of particles (solute or gas) from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration
Essential inorganic compounds needed for healthy growth
An abnormal growth of cells
Foreign chemicals, including protein, which trigger an immune response
FSH, produced by the pituitary gland
A version of a particular gene
The main hormone produced by the adrenal gland
Waves of muscle contraction
HintAnswer
Region of the brain containing temperature and pressure receptors
Nutrient needed in small quantities for healthy growth
Clouding of the eye lens
A characteristic which is masked when the dominant allele is present
Cell division which halves the number of chromosomes to make gametes
A carrier of disease-causing organisms
Cell structures which make protein
Cell fragments in blood needed for clotting
The gene that is situated on the X chromosome
The process by which the body maintains a constant internal environment
Any surface which allows substances to pass between the blood and cells or blood and the outside
The first cell produced when the sperm fertilises the egg
A condition where the joint cartilage is damaged resulting in pain and lack of movement
Glands which secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
Muscles which alter the shape of the eye lens for focusing
Cell structure containing chromosomes and controls cell activities
Operations where very tiny incisions are made
Lower chamber in the heart
Removal of waste from the rectum
A genetic disorder where the person produces very sticky mucus
Two or more atoms joined together
Gland which produces insulin, glucagon and digestive enzymes
A charged atom
A partially permeable membrane used in dialysis machines
Altered shape of an enzyme so it cannot work
Focuses light into the retina
Chemicals produced by the body to counteract poisons
White blood cell which produces antibodies
A biological catalyst made of protein
A group of organs with a shared function
Poisonous substances
Folds on the surface of the gut lining
Enzyme which digests carbohydrate
Too much or too little food or lack of one or more essential nutrients
Treatment of blood in dialysis machines
Ring of DNA found in bacteria
Deoxyribose nucleic acid, the chemical which carries the genetic code
Release of energy from food
Chemical produced in anaerobic respiration
Allows selected substances through
An action which involves thinking by the brain
Release of energy from food in the absence of oxygen
Blood cell of the immune system
Hormone which reduces loss of water in urine
Part of the eye that contains light sensitive cells
Organs which contain receptor cells to detect external stimuli
Damage to bones
Breakdown of fat into droplets
Sticky layer on the teeth containing bacteria
Hormone produced by the ovary that builds up the uterus lining
Hormone produced by an ovary that maintains the uterus lining
The genes present to control a characteristic
LH, produced by the pituitary gland

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Created Jun 6, 2015ReportNominate
Tags:health, human, physiology, term

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