Science Quiz / AP Biology Terms (mutualism-

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Can you name the AP Biology Terms (mutualism-?

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asymbiotic relationship where both organisms benefit (+/+)
the symbiotic structures consisting of the plants roots intermingled with the hyphae (filaments) of a fungus that greatly increase the quantity of nutrients that a plant can absorb
thick protein filaments that interact with actin filaments in the contraction of skeletal muscle
a coenzyme that carries protons or electrons from glycolysis and the krebs cycle to the electron transport chain
carries hydrogen from the light reactions to the calvin cycle in the dark reactions of photosynthesis
part of the nonspecific immune response that destroys virus-infected body cells (as well as cancerous cells)
a theory that explains how populations evolve and how new species develop
the place where a neuron synapses on a muscle
the chemical held in presynaptic vesicles of the terminal branch of the axon that are released into a synapse and that excite the postsynaptic membrane
a type of white blood cell that engulfs microbes by phagocytosis
organisms that live in the same area and use the same resources
acts as a local signaling molecule
convert the ammonium ion into nitrites and then into nitrates
convert free nitrogen into the ammonium ion
homologous chromosomes fail to separate as they should during meiosis
a rod that extends the length of the body and serves as a flexible axis in all chordates
nuclear region in prokaryotes
located in the nucleus and is the site of protein synthesis
the building blocks of nucleic acids. they consist of a five-carbon sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrogenous base
prokaryotes that cannot live in the presence of oxygen
in DNA replication, the segments in which the 3' to 5' lagging strand of DNA is synthesized
organisms, like humans, that eat both plants and animals
a type of associative learning where and animal learns to associate one of its own behaviors with a reward or punishment and then repeats or avoids that behavior. also called trial
in an operon, the binding site for the repressor
functional genes and their switches that are found in bacteria
the tendency of water to move across a permeable membrane into a solution
mating of organisms that are not closely related; it is a major mechanism of maintaining variation within a species
the production of ATP using energy derived from the electron transport chain
hormone released by the posterior pituitary that stimulates labor and the production of milk from the mammary glands
evolution that occurs when two related species have made similar evolutionary adaptations after their divergence from a common ancestor
a symbiotic relationship (+/-) where one organism, the parasite, benefits while the other organism, the host, is harmed
one of two branches of the autonomic nervous system that has a relaxing effect
traditional plant cells with primary cell walls that are thin and flixible and that lack secondary cell walls
immunity is transferred to an individual from someone else
organisms that cause disease
a family tree that indicates the phenotype of one train being studied for every member of a family and will help determine how a particular trait is inherited

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