Science Quiz / AP Biology Terms (Greenhouse effect-

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Can you name the AP Biology Terms (Greenhouse effect-?

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the distance on a chromosome within which recombination occurs 1 percent of the time
an inherited genetic disease caused by the absence of one or more proteins necessary for normal blood clotting
a plant that produces a single bisexual spore
produces two genetically identical daughter cells and conserves the chromosome number (2n)
having a lesser concentration of solute than another solution
the organ of excretion in insects
gland located in the brain above the pituitary that is the bridge between the endocrine and nervous systems
an alternate biochemical pathway found in c-4 plants; its purpose is to remove CO2 from the airspace near the stomate
also known as the citric acid cycle, it completes the breakdown of pyruvic acid into carbon dioxide, with the release of a small amount of ATP
the opening to the ovule in a flowering plant
an enzyme that untwists the double helix at the replication fork
in the laboratory
a molecule closely related to ATP that provides the energy for translation
a chemical released by the body during an inflammatory response that causes blood vessels to dilate
the innermost layer of the human digestive tract. in some parts of the digestive system, it contains mucus-secreting cells and glands that secrete digestive enzymes
the free-swimming, upside-down, bowl-shaped stage in the life cycle of the cnidarians. and example is jellyfish
the part of the body of mollusks that contains specialized tissue that surrounds the visceral mass and secrets the shell
in flowering plants, these produce sperm
one type of T lymphocyte that activates B cells and other T lymphocytes
a nucleotide that binds with cytosine. a purine.
a type of white blood cell that transforms into macrophages, extends pseudopods, and engulfs huge numbers of microbes over a long period of time
a hollow rod of the protein tubulin in the cytoplasm of all eukaryote cells that make up cilia, flagella, spindle fibers, and other cytoskeletal structures of cells
a subdivision of flowering plants whose members possess one embryonic see leaf or cotyledon
an enzyme that transfers phosphate ions from one molecule to another
a sophisticated process in which the responses of the organism are modified as a result of experience
actively dividing cells that give rise to other cells such as xylem and phloem
a plant that produces two kinds of spores, male and female
organisms that maintain a consistent body temperature
a class of chemicals that block viral infections
the germ layer that gives rise to the blood, bones, and muscles
a disc-shaped protein on the centromere that attaches the chromatid to the mitotic spindle during cell division
in flowering plants, these produce the ova
an electrical state where the inside of the excitable cell is made more negative compared with the outside of the cell and the electric potential of the membrane increases (gets mo
this theory states that the first cells on earth were heterotrophic prokaryotes
due to root pressure, droplets of water appear in the morning on the leaf tips of some herbaceous leaves
sacs of hydrolytic enzymes and the principal site of intracellular digestion
Blood-filled cavities within the body of arthropods and mollusks with open circulatory systems
the type of inheritance that is characterized by blending traits. for instance, one gene for red plus one gene for white results in a pink four o'clock flower.
a genetic condition in males in which there is an extra X chromosome; the genotype is XXY
a nonspecific defensive reaction of the body to invasion by a foreign substance that is accompanied by the release of histamine, fever, and red, itchy areas
structures in different species that are similar because they have a common origin
antibodies produced by a single B cell that produces a single antigen in huge quantities. they are important in research and in treating and diagnosing certain diseases
a degenerative, inherited, dominant disease of the nervous system that results in certain and early death
a type of learning that is responsible for the bonding between mother and offspring. common in birds, it occurs during a sensitive or critical period in early life
while acting as an antigen-presenting cell, it engulfs bacteria by phagycytosis and presents a fragment of the bacteria on the cell surface by an MHC II molecule
two solutions containing equal concentrations of solutes
refers to the changes in one gene pool of a population
a chromosome mutation where a chromosomal fragment reattaches to its original chromosome but in the reverse orientation
a neuron that stimulates effectors (muscles or glands)
hybrid vigor
one of Mendel's laws. it states that when two organisms, each pure for two opposing traits, are crossed, the offspring will be hybrid but will exhibit only the dominant trait
a long-lived form of a lymphocyte that bear receptors to a specific antigen and that remains circulating the the blood in small numbers for a lifetime
IAA. a naturally occurring auxin
having a greater concentration of solute than another solution
a distinct layer of adhesive polysaccharides that cements adjacent plant cells together
the development of an entirely new species
the site of cell respiration and ATP synthesis in all eukaryotic cells
organisms that must ingest nutrients rather than synthesize them
a procedure that analyzes the size, number, and shape or chromosomes
the warming of the planet because of the accumulation of atmospheric carbon dioxide
more than two allelic forms of a gene
substances that cause mutations
growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, increase in girth.
an attempt to explain how energy is produced during the electron transport chain by oxidative phosphorylation
refers to the structure of C-4 leaves and differs from C-3 leaves. in C-4 leaves, the bundle sheath cells lie under the mesophyll cells, tightly wrapping the vein deep within the l
one of the simplest forms of learning in which an animal comes to ignore a persistent stimulus
triggers the ovulation of the secondary oocyte from the ovary
a collection of cell surface markers that identify the cells as self. no two people, except identical twins, have the same markers. also known as HLA (human leukocyte antigens)
having an affinity for water
during the formation of gametes, allelic pairs for two traits separate
solid rods of the protein actin that make up part of the cyto skeleton
states that each allelic pair separates during gamete formation. applies when genes for two traits are not on the same chromosome
the part of the body of mollusks that contains both sensory and motor organs
frequency-dependent selection
prokaryotes that synthesize methane from carbon dioxide and hydrogen gas
this is the cross between two organisms that are each hybrid for one trait
part of the developing embryo that will become the lower part of the stem and roots
also known as association neuron, resides within the spinal cord and receives sensory stimuli and transfers the information directly to a motor neuron or the the brain for processi
a phenomenon in which the hybrid state is selected because it has greater survival and reproductive success. also known as heterosis
the process by which pyruvate from glycolysis is reduced to form lactic acid or lactate. this is the process that the dairy industry uses to produce yogurt and cheese
the most common tissue type in a plant, functions mainly in support and consists of parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma
changes in DNA
in the living thing
a type of viral infection that results in the lysing of the host cell and the release of new phages that will infect other cells
animals whose young are born very early in embryonic development and where the joey completes its development nursing in the mother's pouch. includes kangaroos
egg-laying mammals where the embryo drives nutrition from the yolk, like the duck-billed platypus
occurs in sexually reproducing organisms and results in cells with half the chromosome number of the parent cell
the longest stage of the life cycle of a cell' it consists of G1, S and G2
genes that are on the same chromosome
organisms possessing both male and female sex organs
no longer used as the name of the kingdom that contains all the prokaryotes, including bacteria
two or more poisonous species resemble each other and gain an advantage from their combined numbers. predators learn more quickly to avoid any prey with that appearance
the inner region of a mitochondrion, where the krebs cycle occurs
conifers or cone-bearing plants
the capacity of the immune system to generate a secondary immune response against a specific antigen for a lifetime
a measurable difference in electrical charge between the cytoplasm (negative ions) and the extracellular fluid (positive ions)
aerobic bacteria that thrive in environments with very high salt concentrations
separation of two or more organisms of the same species living in the same area but in separate habitats, such as in the water and on land

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