Science Quiz / Psychology Research Methods

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Can you answer the questions about Psychology Research Methods

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Brief summary of main findings.
Statistical test for nominal data
Ppts selected on basis of availability
What did they find in the study? Can include stats tests, but varies on whether research was quantitative or qualitative
Identifying categories and themes in a data set
Observing people in their natural environments
Cross-checking of qualitative research findings to ensure validity of the findings
Key feature of science: opposite of subjectivity
Codes and categories emerge from the data and are not generated beforehand
Broad overview that becomes more specific and can include aims and hypotheses
Key feature of science: so that other researchers can do the study
Rejecting a null hypothesis incorrectly
Statistical test for correlational data
Consistency of measure from one occasion to another.
Can the results be generalised to other people or situations?
Summary of the study
Used to sample individuals who are difficult to locate
Description of what the researchers did: design, ppts, ethics, procedures, and apparatus
Measure of the extent to which researchers agree on what they've observed.
Allows insight into how ppts make sense of the world - used with interview transcript (give acronym)
Neither the author or reviewer know each other's identity
Journalists prefer to publish positive results and studies that agree with the 'status quo'; this is called...?
Full details of any journals/books used.
Is the test an accurate predictor of future test results?
Levels of data in order (4 in total)
Advertisement for ppts placed in newspaper/workplace
Way of assessing the consistency of a test/measure over time.
Can the findings be generalised to people not in the original study?
Animals are _____ therefore, we should not study them
Does the test measure what it intended to measure?
Key feature: Science seeks to make generalisations
Interpretation of the results: real world applications, implications of results, summary of results and whether these concur with prior research
How to overcome ppt variables
Extent to which something occurs randomly (i.e. without a discoverable cause)
Key feature of science: set of general principles
Poor research may be passed in peer review because you can't find an...
How to overcome situational variables
Way of assessing whether the items on a test are consistent.
How to overcome investigator effects
If a test is _____ we can reject the null hypothesis
Consistency of measure used.
Can the findings be generalised across time periods?
Statistical test for independent groups design, ordinal or interval level data
Key feature of science: Theories must be testable so they can be modified by ____
Codes represent ideas or concepts from an existing theory
Purpose of peer review
Do the findings agree with another experiment that has high validity?
Key feature of science: _____ methods
Any 'extras' e.g. raw data, copy of consent form/questionnaire.
Does it look like it has high validity on first glance?
Are the findings applicable across different contexts or settings?
Statistical test for repeated measures design
Ppts selected in numbers based on the representation of their sub-group in the population
Researcher recognises and records their own biases in qualitative data analysis
Fault of animal studies - like racism
Accepting a null hypothesis incorrectly
Studying written or oral disclosures
Bias in peer review can occur because of the _____ nature of our world
Animal ethics: name the 3 Rs
All members of target population identified and have an equal chance of being selected
Ppts sampled from taking every nth name from a register

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