Science Quiz / Psychology Research Methods

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Can you answer the questions about Psychology Research Methods

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HintAnswer
Key feature of science: _____ methods
Ppts selected in numbers based on the representation of their sub-group in the population
Codes and categories emerge from the data and are not generated beforehand
Do the findings agree with another experiment that has high validity?
Key feature of science: so that other researchers can do the study
Key feature of science: opposite of subjectivity
Studying written or oral disclosures
Rejecting a null hypothesis incorrectly
Description of what the researchers did: design, ppts, ethics, procedures, and apparatus
Key feature of science: set of general principles
Journalists prefer to publish positive results and studies that agree with the 'status quo'; this is called...?
How to overcome situational variables
Used to sample individuals who are difficult to locate
Observing people in their natural environments
Statistical test for repeated measures design
Brief summary of main findings.
Broad overview that becomes more specific and can include aims and hypotheses
Neither the author or reviewer know each other's identity
Measure of the extent to which researchers agree on what they've observed.
Consistency of measure used.
Purpose of peer review
HintAnswer
Statistical test for independent groups design, ordinal or interval level data
Ppts sampled from taking every nth name from a register
Statistical test for correlational data
Accepting a null hypothesis incorrectly
Statistical test for nominal data
Ppts selected on basis of availability
Does it look like it has high validity on first glance?
How to overcome ppt variables
Fault of animal studies - like racism
All members of target population identified and have an equal chance of being selected
Full details of any journals/books used.
Can the findings be generalised to people not in the original study?
Consistency of measure from one occasion to another.
If a test is _____ we can reject the null hypothesis
Animal ethics: name the 3 Rs
Are the findings applicable across different contexts or settings?
Poor research may be passed in peer review because you can't find an...
Does the test measure what it intended to measure?
Cross-checking of qualitative research findings to ensure validity of the findings
Is the test an accurate predictor of future test results?
Levels of data in order (4 in total)
HintAnswer
Extent to which something occurs randomly (i.e. without a discoverable cause)
How to overcome investigator effects
Key feature of science: Theories must be testable so they can be modified by ____
Way of assessing whether the items on a test are consistent.
Researcher recognises and records their own biases in qualitative data analysis
Advertisement for ppts placed in newspaper/workplace
Key feature: Science seeks to make generalisations
Any 'extras' e.g. raw data, copy of consent form/questionnaire.
Codes represent ideas or concepts from an existing theory
Can the findings be generalised across time periods?
What did they find in the study? Can include stats tests, but varies on whether research was quantitative or qualitative
Interpretation of the results: real world applications, implications of results, summary of results and whether these concur with prior research
Way of assessing the consistency of a test/measure over time.
Identifying categories and themes in a data set
Animals are _____ therefore, we should not study them
Summary of the study
Allows insight into how ppts make sense of the world - used with interview transcript (give acronym)
Bias in peer review can occur because of the _____ nature of our world
Can the results be generalised to other people or situations?

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