Science Quiz / Drugs used for GI diseases

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Can you name the Drugs used for GI diseases?

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Score 0/45 Timer 20:00
GlucocorticoidsInflammatory bowel disease
Forms a viscous paste that selectively binds to ulcers or erosionsMucosal protective agent
Dissolves gallstonesTherapy for gallstones
Inhibits DHFR, treats Crohn's diseaseInflammatory bowel disease
Competitively inhibits the parietal histamine (H2) receptor, side effects: gynecomastia, impotence, galactorrheaPeptic ulcer
Blocks dopamine (D2) receptor, does not cross BBBProkinetic
Simulates motilin receptors, macolideProkinetic
Most potent histamine receptor (H2) blockerPeptic ulcer
Stimulant laxative, anthraquinone derivative, chronic use leads to melanosis coli (brown colon)Laxative
Decreases intragastric acidity by reacting with HCl, side effects: belching, alkalosis, constipationPeptic ulcer
5-HT3 receptor antagonist, used for chemotherapy induced nauseaAntiemetic
Neurokinin receptor antagonistAntiemetic
Osmotic laxative, increases stool liquiditiyLaxative
Muscarinic receptor antagonistAntiemetic
Opioid receptor agonist, crosses BBBAntidiarrheal agent
Decreases intragastric acidity by reacting with HCl, side effects: belching, alkalosis, diarrheaPeptic ulcer
Opioid receptor agonist, does not cross BBBAntidiarrheal agent
Blocks dopamine (D2) receptor, can cross BBB, side effects: high prolactin, extrapyramidal effectsProkinetic
Anti-tnf monoclonal antibody, side effects: infection, hepatic failureInflammatory bowel disease
Aminosalicylate, sulfapyridine is a breakdown product by bacteria that contributes to the drug's side effectsInflammatory bowel disease
Serotonin 5-HT receptor agonistLaxative
Bile salt binding resinAntidiarrheal agent
Bulk forming, synthetic fibersLaxative
Irreversibly inactivates H+/K+ ATPase of the parietal cells, side effects: decreased vit B12, increased serum gastrinPeptic ulcer
Coats ulcers and erosions, side effect: black stoolMucosal protective agent
Cholinomimetic, directly stimulates M3 receptorsProkinetic
Cholinomimetic, cholinesterase inhibitorProkinetic
Analog of THC from marijuanaAntiemetic
AnticholinergicIrritable bowel syndrome
Absorbant of bacteria, toxins, and fluid, from applesAntidiarrheal agent
Analog of somatostatinAntidiarrheal agent
Antipsychotic, inhibits dopamine and muscarinic receptors with antihistamine activityAntiemetic
Absorbant of bacteria, toxins, and fluid, naturally occuring Mg Al silicateAntidiarrheal agent
Stimulant laxative, hydrolyzed in upper intestine to ricinoleic acidLaxative
Osmotic laxative, used for complete colon cleansingLaxative
Binds to and activates GABA receptorAntiemetic
Inhibits 5-HT3 receptor, used for diarrhea-predominant IBSIrritable bowel syndrome
Antipsychotic, central dopaminergic blockateAntiemetic
Purine analog, low TPMT enzyme increases risk of bone marrow suppressionInflammatory bowel disease
PGE1 analogue, inhibitor of histamine, side effect: abortifacantMucosal protective agent
PGE1 analogue, increases chloride rich fluid which promotes bowel movementProkinetic
Stool surfactant agent (softener)Laxative
Bulk forming, natural plant productLaxative
Dopamine receptor antagonistAntiemetic
Histamine (H1) antagonistAntiemetic

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