Science Quiz / Drugs used for GI diseases

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Can you name the Drugs used for GI diseases?

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HintDrugcategory
PGE1 analogue, inhibitor of histamine, side effect: abortifacantMucosal protective agent
PGE1 analogue, increases chloride rich fluid which promotes bowel movementProkinetic
Coats ulcers and erosions, side effect: black stoolMucosal protective agent
Cholinomimetic, cholinesterase inhibitorProkinetic
AnticholinergicIrritable bowel syndrome
Bulk forming, natural plant productLaxative
Dissolves gallstonesTherapy for gallstones
Muscarinic receptor antagonistAntiemetic
Decreases intragastric acidity by reacting with HCl, side effects: belching, alkalosis, constipationPeptic ulcer
Irreversibly inactivates H+/K+ ATPase of the parietal cells, side effects: decreased vit B12, increased serum gastrinPeptic ulcer
Osmotic laxative, used for complete colon cleansingLaxative
Opioid receptor agonist, crosses BBBAntidiarrheal agent
Binds to and activates GABA receptorAntiemetic
Decreases intragastric acidity by reacting with HCl, side effects: belching, alkalosis, diarrheaPeptic ulcer
Inhibits 5-HT3 receptor, used for diarrhea-predominant IBSIrritable bowel syndrome
Analog of somatostatinAntidiarrheal agent
Cholinomimetic, directly stimulates M3 receptorsProkinetic
Purine analog, low TPMT enzyme increases risk of bone marrow suppressionInflammatory bowel disease
Absorbant of bacteria, toxins, and fluid, from applesAntidiarrheal agent
Bile salt binding resinAntidiarrheal agent
Serotonin 5-HT receptor agonistLaxative
Stimulant laxative, hydrolyzed in upper intestine to ricinoleic acidLaxative
5-HT3 receptor antagonist, used for chemotherapy induced nauseaAntiemetic
HintDrugcategory
Antipsychotic, central dopaminergic blockateAntiemetic
Antipsychotic, inhibits dopamine and muscarinic receptors with antihistamine activityAntiemetic
Stool surfactant agent (softener)Laxative
Opioid receptor agonist, does not cross BBBAntidiarrheal agent
Competitively inhibits the parietal histamine (H2) receptor, side effects: gynecomastia, impotence, galactorrheaPeptic ulcer
Analog of THC from marijuanaAntiemetic
Inhibits DHFR, treats Crohn's diseaseInflammatory bowel disease
Anti-tnf monoclonal antibody, side effects: infection, hepatic failureInflammatory bowel disease
Osmotic laxative, increases stool liquiditiyLaxative
Bulk forming, synthetic fibersLaxative
Blocks dopamine (D2) receptor, does not cross BBBProkinetic
Absorbant of bacteria, toxins, and fluid, naturally occuring Mg Al silicateAntidiarrheal agent
GlucocorticoidsInflammatory bowel disease
Simulates motilin receptors, macolideProkinetic
Aminosalicylate, sulfapyridine is a breakdown product by bacteria that contributes to the drug's side effectsInflammatory bowel disease
Neurokinin receptor antagonistAntiemetic
Forms a viscous paste that selectively binds to ulcers or erosionsMucosal protective agent
Most potent histamine receptor (H2) blockerPeptic ulcer
Histamine (H1) antagonistAntiemetic
Dopamine receptor antagonistAntiemetic
Blocks dopamine (D2) receptor, can cross BBB, side effects: high prolactin, extrapyramidal effectsProkinetic
Stimulant laxative, anthraquinone derivative, chronic use leads to melanosis coli (brown colon)Laxative

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Created Feb 11, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:drug, medication, medicine, usmle

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