Science Quiz / Drugs used for GI diseases

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Can you name the Drugs used for GI diseases?

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HintDrugcategory
Neurokinin receptor antagonistAntiemetic
Purine analog, low TPMT enzyme increases risk of bone marrow suppressionInflammatory bowel disease
Dopamine receptor antagonistAntiemetic
Aminosalicylate, sulfapyridine is a breakdown product by bacteria that contributes to the drug's side effectsInflammatory bowel disease
Stimulant laxative, hydrolyzed in upper intestine to ricinoleic acidLaxative
Antipsychotic, inhibits dopamine and muscarinic receptors with antihistamine activityAntiemetic
GlucocorticoidsInflammatory bowel disease
Bulk forming, natural plant productLaxative
Decreases intragastric acidity by reacting with HCl, side effects: belching, alkalosis, diarrheaPeptic ulcer
Cholinomimetic, cholinesterase inhibitorProkinetic
Analog of somatostatinAntidiarrheal agent
Decreases intragastric acidity by reacting with HCl, side effects: belching, alkalosis, constipationPeptic ulcer
Absorbant of bacteria, toxins, and fluid, from applesAntidiarrheal agent
Binds to and activates GABA receptorAntiemetic
Dissolves gallstonesTherapy for gallstones
Serotonin 5-HT receptor agonistLaxative
Osmotic laxative, used for complete colon cleansingLaxative
Inhibits 5-HT3 receptor, used for diarrhea-predominant IBSIrritable bowel syndrome
Opioid receptor agonist, does not cross BBBAntidiarrheal agent
Forms a viscous paste that selectively binds to ulcers or erosionsMucosal protective agent
5-HT3 receptor antagonist, used for chemotherapy induced nauseaAntiemetic
AnticholinergicIrritable bowel syndrome
Bulk forming, synthetic fibersLaxative
HintDrugcategory
Analog of THC from marijuanaAntiemetic
Histamine (H1) antagonistAntiemetic
Absorbant of bacteria, toxins, and fluid, naturally occuring Mg Al silicateAntidiarrheal agent
Bile salt binding resinAntidiarrheal agent
Stimulant laxative, anthraquinone derivative, chronic use leads to melanosis coli (brown colon)Laxative
Most potent histamine receptor (H2) blockerPeptic ulcer
Anti-tnf monoclonal antibody, side effects: infection, hepatic failureInflammatory bowel disease
Simulates motilin receptors, macolideProkinetic
Stool surfactant agent (softener)Laxative
Blocks dopamine (D2) receptor, can cross BBB, side effects: high prolactin, extrapyramidal effectsProkinetic
Blocks dopamine (D2) receptor, does not cross BBBProkinetic
Inhibits DHFR, treats Crohn's diseaseInflammatory bowel disease
Irreversibly inactivates H+/K+ ATPase of the parietal cells, side effects: decreased vit B12, increased serum gastrinPeptic ulcer
Antipsychotic, central dopaminergic blockateAntiemetic
PGE1 analogue, inhibitor of histamine, side effect: abortifacantMucosal protective agent
PGE1 analogue, increases chloride rich fluid which promotes bowel movementProkinetic
Muscarinic receptor antagonistAntiemetic
Osmotic laxative, increases stool liquiditiyLaxative
Competitively inhibits the parietal histamine (H2) receptor, side effects: gynecomastia, impotence, galactorrheaPeptic ulcer
Cholinomimetic, directly stimulates M3 receptorsProkinetic
Coats ulcers and erosions, side effect: black stoolMucosal protective agent
Opioid receptor agonist, crosses BBBAntidiarrheal agent

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Created Feb 11, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:drug, medication, medicine, usmle

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