Music Quiz / Terminology 3

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Slow 16th century dance in quadruple meter, set in 3 repeated strains. Typically with 8 or 16 bar strains.
Faster 16th century dance in triple meter, with 8 measures in each strain.
The reworking of an existing piece to new words, such as taking a motet written in Latin and setting it to vernacular lyrics.
Instrumental form mirroring a wordless motet, in which several points of imitation are negotiated between the voices.
A form of instrumental music developed in the 15th century set atop a repeating bass line.
Plucked string instrument typically tuned G-C-F-A-D-G with several tablature systems and two strings per pitch.
Presenting musical notation in tablature, also reorchestrating from one instrument to another.
An instrument similar to the lute but with bowed strings found in a 'consort' of variously tuned and sized instruments.
Plucked, fretted string instruments with a flat back and either 5 or 6 strings.
An early Spanish instrument with plucked strings and frets. Differents sizes existed with different numbers of strings.
A wind instrument normally playing the top line above a group of trombones. Wooden and curved.
A double-reed instrument used in the Renaissance period preceding the development of the oboe.
A keyboard instrument with plucked strings, typically with between three and four octaves.
A medieval instrument, ancestor of the violin, that is a fiddle with three or four strings. Bowed, didn't have frets, and was held against the chest.
Renaissance trombones coming in a variety of sizes, and with lighter sounds than the modern trombone
A book containing just one line of music from a polyphonic composition.
A special kind of book in which all the parts are presented, but not aligned one under the other, in score. Laid out so everyone can sit around the table and read from anywhere.
A large book designed to show all four parts for a chorus, usually set on a large music stand.
A book handwritten by scribes. NOT a printed book.
An asymmetrical arrangement of the human figure in which the line of the arms and shoulders contrasts with while balancing those of the hips and legs.
A style of 16th cent Italian art preceding the Baroque, characterized by unusual effects of scale, lighting, perspective and use of bright/lurid colors.
The treatment of light and shade in drawing and painting. An effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light falling unevenly.
The Italian printer considered the first great printer in music history. The development of music printing from movable type began with his Harmonices Musicae Odhecaton.
French printer working mainly in Paris, commercializing a system of single impression printing for music.
A German town in Thuringia where both Luther and Bach attended school. Location where Martin Luther wrote his German translation of the Bible.
The private chapel of the pope in the Vatican, built between 1473 and 1481. The place where the Pope's singers sang, where Josquin sang when he was employed by the Pope.
German Augustinian monk whose challenges to the Catholic Church started the Reformation. Nailed 95 theses to Wittenberg Uni. Prolific composer of hymns.
French theologian very influential in the Reformation. Did not believe music had a place in sacred services, except for simple settings of the psalms, at most.
English Protestant Reformer responsible for giving form to Anglican Church. Believed that music should be syllabic in the church so it could be clearly understood. Burned alive.
The response of the Catholic church to the Reformation. Catholicism reformed itself. With regards to music, suggested lyrics should be easy to understand and composed for mass.
Setting of the Ordinary by Palestrina, named after a pope who was only pope for 3 weeks in 1555.
King of Spain and a very devout Catholic. Son of HRE Charles V. Had two full chapels of musicians.
Queen of England 1558-1603. Reestablished Protestantism after the death of her sister Mary. Believed in importance of music in celebration of services if words could be understood.
Leading English composer of the Elizabethan age. Student of Tallis. Wrote keyboard music, songs, madrigals, music for clergy, and the Gradualia.
Leading hispanic composer of the late 16th century. Syllabic setting of words in mass settings
Late Renaissance composer, chief composer of Bavarian Court in Munich. Often wrote music on erotic subjects.
Leading composer of the Catholic Reformation, working in the Vatican. Wrote over 100 settings of the Ordinary and hundreds of motets. Large sense of melodic line (Palestrina curve)
Leading Jewish composers of late Renaissance. Protected by several Italian dukes. Worked with Monteverdi.
Style of composing that developed in 16th cent. using many choruses, up to 60 individual parts.
Measured music. Setting of words in France in which long syllables were given longer notes and vice versa. Attempt to reclaim Ancient Greek ideals of words+music.
Strings used for stringed instruments up to the 20th century, made from animal intestines. Make a warmer sound than metal strings.

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Created May 14, 2015ReportNominate

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