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QUIZ: Can you name the Music 75 Terminology Test 2?

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Can be either perfect or imperfect. Perfect would divide the breve into three semibreves while imperfect would divide it into two semibreves. Represented by a O and C respectively.
System of writing chords with third and sixth above the Tenor. Chordal and syllabic way of presenting texts clearly. English equivalent is 'faburden'
Innovative French style of composition of the early 14th century. Exemplified by Guillaume de Machaut. New system of notation allowed for much more complex rhythms and flexibility.
(1377-1446) Renaissance architect who completed the Duomo in Florence. Highly regarded by Michelangelo, who refused to make a bigger dome for the Vatican. Used Greek techniques.
The second ending of a repeated phrase. Feels more final. Ends on tonic.
Twentieth century neologism used to describe properties of some motets. Has a talea (rhythmic pattern repeated in usually tenor part) and color (fixed set of pitches repeated).
Stems from Italian word for 'vernacular'. Developed in 14th century. Songs in the vernacular consisting of two tercets and a ritornello
15th century manuscript. Contains instrumental diminutions of 14th century works. Second layer (from late 15th cent) also contains sacred works
Procedure in which voices in a polyphonic composition copy elements of melody and rhythm from the main voice. Usually happens at either same pitch, fourth, fifth, or octave. 16th c
One of the three major formes fixes. Considered a type of ballade surrounded by a refrain. Follows pattern AbbaA
The use of a plainsong tune or another existing melody in usually slow notes in the tenor voice.
Can be either major or minor. Major (added dot) will divide the semibreve into three minims. Minor will divide the semibreve into two minims.
The first ending of a repeated phrase. Does not feature a final-sounding cadence.
The use of more than one language in a single piece (compared to macaronic, which is more than one language in a single voice).
One of the three major formes fixes. Based on rhyming pattern aabR. First a phrase is 'ouvert' (open) and second a phrase is 'clos' (closed)
Line from a poem by Martin Le Franc meaning 'English Look'. Incorporated use of fourths, fifths and sixths in a pan-consonant syllabic style, used by Dunstaple, Binchois, and Dufay
(1300-1377) Primarily known as a poet but also accomplished composer. Organized own works into collections for rich patrons. Exemplified ars nova.
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Most important source of trecento music. Contains 146 pieces by Landini. Compiled by Antonio Squarcialupi, organist at Florence cathedral.
Term used regularly from Ars nova onward. French word for song. French text, polyphonic, simple harmonic style, meant to be understood.
Important 15th cent political entity. Spanned from Holland/Belgium to the South of France. Led by a Duke until 1477.
Third voice in medieval musical texture. Usually written around an existing or simply more stable tenor line. Same range as the tenor.
(1400-1460) Franco-Flemish composer Along wtih Dufay and Dunstaple, one of the most important composers from the first half of the 15th century. Used English techniques.
One of the three major formes fixes. Involves the repetition of a refrain at beginning and end of verse. ABaAabAB
(1397-1474) French composer and theorist. Held many positions in Europe, including Cambrai and Rome. One of the first users of fauxbourdon.
Italian version of the virelai. Consists of a ripresa (A), two piedi (bb), the volta (a), and ripresa again (A). Landini composed 135 of these.
(1390-1453) English composer. Created a new 'sweet' English style. Heavy use of thirds, sixths, and parallel motion, which greatly developed so-called Franco-Flemish music.
Fourteenth century of Italian art and history. Most famous composers during this time period were Landini, Jacobo da Bologna, and Ciconia. Runs concurrently with the Ars Nova.
(1410-1497) Franco-Flemish composer. Spent most of active career in the service of the French royal court.
Theme that appears at the start of a melody. Recurs several times of the work. Example: Mass Setting
(1370-1412) Franco-Flemish composer. Active mainly in Italy. Used unpredictable rhythms and intricate polyphony.
(1291-1361) Fourteenth-century French poet, theorist, and composer. Wrote treatise 'Ars Nova' (1322). Developed new notational techniques.
'the more subtle art'. Highly refined musical style emerging around the end of Guillaume de Machaut's lifetime. Developed by Ciconia & Philippe de Caserta. Chantilly & Modena Codex
A cadence in medieval music. Tenor moves down from II to I. Contratenor jumps up from V below to V above.
(1457-1505) Netherlandish composer. Great composer of cyclic masses.

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