Miscellaneous Quiz / CFD 155 Ch. 4-7

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Can you name the CFD 155 Ch. 4-7?

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DefinitionTerm
perspective on cognition where thinking is divided into steps much like a computer
sharing, helping, and caring actions
process by which children are taught to obey norms of society & behave in socially appropriate ways
ideal parenting strategy; arranging children's environments to suit temperaments, etc
person's characteristic, inborn style of dealing with world
type of aggression carried out in response to being frustrated or hurt
preop child's tendency to fix on most visually striking feature
process of teaching new skills by entering child's zone... & tailoring efforts to person's competence level
feeling exact emotion that another person is experiencing
drive to act based on pleasure of taking that action in itself, not for an external reinforcer or reward
understanding that general category can encompass several subordinate elements
personality style; acting on one's immediate impulses & behaving disruptively & aggressively
play involves making up & acting out a scenario
acting to maintain physical contact or to be close to attachment figure
ideal attachment response
type of aggression initiated to achieve a goal
any hostile or destructive act
Spearman's term for general intelligence
physical abilities that involve small, coordinated movements
optimal form of intelligence, involves having a good balance of analytic, creative, and practical intelligence
type of childrearing where parents provide plenty of rules but rank low on child-centeredness
critical period (7 months to toddlerhood) characterized by separation anxiety, stranger anxiety, etc
feeling of being personally humiliated
children's first cognitive understanding that other people have different beliefs & perspectives
most common childhood learning disorder in US; affects mostly boys; excessive restlessness & distractibility
baby's practice of checking back/monitoring caregiver's expressions for cues as to how to behave in potentially dangerous explorations
best possible childrearing style, where parents rank high on both nurture & discipline
first real smile, occurring at about 2 months of age
DefinitionTerm
feeling upset about having caused harm to a person or about having violated one's internal standard of behavior
victimizing or targeting a specific child (or adult) for systematic abuse online or via email
when baby becomes wary of unfamiliar people & only allows primary caregiver to hold them
label for significantly impaired intellectual functioning
evaluation oneself as either 'good' or 'bad' as result of comparing self to other people
deviation from normally joyful response to being reunited w/ primary caregiver, signaling problem
ability to observe our abilities & actions from an outside frame of reference & to reflect on our inner state
during first 3 months of life, when infants show no visible signs of attachment
preop child's belief that human beings make everything
any act that seriously endangers a child's physical or emotional well-being
preop child's inability to grasp that person's core 'self' stays the same despite changes in appearance
children who rebound from serious early life traumas to construct successful adult lives
closest person in a child's or adult's life
worst childrearing approach where parents provide little discipline and little nurturing
use of physical force to discipline children
situation in which one or more children (or adults) harass or target a specific child for systematic abuse
state that develops when person feels incapable of affecting outcome of events & so gives up without trying
any frontal lobe ability that allows us to inhibit our responses & to plan & direct our thinking
ineffective socialization strategy that involves yelling, screaming, or hitting out in frustration at a child
drive to act because that activity offers external reinforcers
type of aggression designed to cause harm to a person's relationships
intelligence involved in producing novel ideas or innovative work
intelligence involved in knowing how to act competently in real-world situations
Erikson's 2nd task, when toddlers confront challenge of understanding that they are separate individuals
state necessary for acting prosocially, involving feeling upset FOR a person who needs help
type of childrearing where parents provide rules but rank high on child-centeredness
gap b/t child's ability to solve problem on his own & his potential knowledge if taught by more accomplished person
idea that an operation or procedure can be repeated in opposite direction
DefinitionTerm
powerful bond of love b/t caregiver & child (or b/t any 2 individuals)
Erikson's term for psychosocial task that involves the capacity to work for one's goals
prosocial behaviors that we carry out for selfless, non-egocentric reasons
learning disability characterized by reading difficulties, lack of fluency, poor word recognition that's often genetic in origin
intelligence involving performing well on academic-type problems
ideal discipline style for socializing prosocial behavior; getting child to empathize with pain he's caused other person
concrete op child's ability to look at several dimensions of object/substance
personality style; intense fear, social inhibition, and often depression
preop child's belief that inanimate objects are alive
area at uppermost front of brain, responsible for reasoning & planning our actions
insecure attachment style characterized by child's indifference to primary caregiver
among immigrants, tendency to become more similar in terms of attitudes & practices to mainstream culture after time spent living in new society
when baby gets visibly upset by primary caregiver's departure
preop child's inability to understand that other people have different points of view from their own
insecure attachment style characterized by freezing or fear when reunited with primary caregiver
learning strategy where people repeat info to embed it into memory
ability to put objects in order according to some principle
fantasy play in which children work together to develop & act out scenes
during 4 to 7 months, when infants show slight preference for their primary caregiver
capacity to manage one's emotional state
physical abilities that involve large muscle movements
feelings of pride, shame, guilt; first emerge around age 2 & show capacity to reflect on self
learning strategy where people manage their awareness so as to attend only to what is relevant & filter out unneeded info
procedure to measure variations in attachment security; planned separations/reunions w/ primary caregiver
way by which human beings learn to regulate behavior etc by talking to self
insecure attachment style characterized by child's intense distress at separation & difficulty being soothed when reunited
tendency of highly aggressive children to see motives & actions as threatening when they are actually benign
reciprocal aspect of attachment relationships, with a caregiver & infant responding emotionally to each other

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