Miscellaneous Quiz / CFD 155 Ch. 4-7

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Can you name the CFD 155 Ch. 4-7?

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DefinitionTerm
play involves making up & acting out a scenario
baby's practice of checking back/monitoring caregiver's expressions for cues as to how to behave in potentially dangerous explorations
intelligence involved in knowing how to act competently in real-world situations
learning strategy where people manage their awareness so as to attend only to what is relevant & filter out unneeded info
when baby becomes wary of unfamiliar people & only allows primary caregiver to hold them
idea that an operation or procedure can be repeated in opposite direction
understanding that general category can encompass several subordinate elements
perspective on cognition where thinking is divided into steps much like a computer
ability to put objects in order according to some principle
feeling upset about having caused harm to a person or about having violated one's internal standard of behavior
most common childhood learning disorder in US; affects mostly boys; excessive restlessness & distractibility
optimal form of intelligence, involves having a good balance of analytic, creative, and practical intelligence
type of aggression designed to cause harm to a person's relationships
powerful bond of love b/t caregiver & child (or b/t any 2 individuals)
tendency of highly aggressive children to see motives & actions as threatening when they are actually benign
preop child's tendency to fix on most visually striking feature
insecure attachment style characterized by child's intense distress at separation & difficulty being soothed when reunited
ideal attachment response
prosocial behaviors that we carry out for selfless, non-egocentric reasons
intelligence involved in producing novel ideas or innovative work
area at uppermost front of brain, responsible for reasoning & planning our actions
person's characteristic, inborn style of dealing with world
feeling exact emotion that another person is experiencing
feelings of pride, shame, guilt; first emerge around age 2 & show capacity to reflect on self
during first 3 months of life, when infants show no visible signs of attachment
personality style; acting on one's immediate impulses & behaving disruptively & aggressively
type of childrearing where parents provide rules but rank high on child-centeredness
concrete op child's ability to look at several dimensions of object/substance
DefinitionTerm
drive to act because that activity offers external reinforcers
Erikson's term for psychosocial task that involves the capacity to work for one's goals
physical abilities that involve large muscle movements
when baby gets visibly upset by primary caregiver's departure
type of childrearing where parents provide plenty of rules but rank low on child-centeredness
any hostile or destructive act
procedure to measure variations in attachment security; planned separations/reunions w/ primary caregiver
state that develops when person feels incapable of affecting outcome of events & so gives up without trying
drive to act based on pleasure of taking that action in itself, not for an external reinforcer or reward
ineffective socialization strategy that involves yelling, screaming, or hitting out in frustration at a child
type of aggression carried out in response to being frustrated or hurt
reciprocal aspect of attachment relationships, with a caregiver & infant responding emotionally to each other
capacity to manage one's emotional state
Spearman's term for general intelligence
ideal parenting strategy; arranging children's environments to suit temperaments, etc
state necessary for acting prosocially, involving feeling upset FOR a person who needs help
closest person in a child's or adult's life
gap b/t child's ability to solve problem on his own & his potential knowledge if taught by more accomplished person
best possible childrearing style, where parents rank high on both nurture & discipline
among immigrants, tendency to become more similar in terms of attitudes & practices to mainstream culture after time spent living in new society
label for significantly impaired intellectual functioning
preop child's belief that human beings make everything
feeling of being personally humiliated
critical period (7 months to toddlerhood) characterized by separation anxiety, stranger anxiety, etc
physical abilities that involve small, coordinated movements
use of physical force to discipline children
insecure attachment style characterized by freezing or fear when reunited with primary caregiver
victimizing or targeting a specific child (or adult) for systematic abuse online or via email
DefinitionTerm
learning disability characterized by reading difficulties, lack of fluency, poor word recognition that's often genetic in origin
evaluation oneself as either 'good' or 'bad' as result of comparing self to other people
process by which children are taught to obey norms of society & behave in socially appropriate ways
sharing, helping, and caring actions
first real smile, occurring at about 2 months of age
insecure attachment style characterized by child's indifference to primary caregiver
type of aggression initiated to achieve a goal
fantasy play in which children work together to develop & act out scenes
preop child's belief that inanimate objects are alive
children who rebound from serious early life traumas to construct successful adult lives
acting to maintain physical contact or to be close to attachment figure
way by which human beings learn to regulate behavior etc by talking to self
learning strategy where people repeat info to embed it into memory
children's first cognitive understanding that other people have different beliefs & perspectives
situation in which one or more children (or adults) harass or target a specific child for systematic abuse
ability to observe our abilities & actions from an outside frame of reference & to reflect on our inner state
preop child's inability to grasp that person's core 'self' stays the same despite changes in appearance
ideal discipline style for socializing prosocial behavior; getting child to empathize with pain he's caused other person
preop child's inability to understand that other people have different points of view from their own
intelligence involving performing well on academic-type problems
during 4 to 7 months, when infants show slight preference for their primary caregiver
Erikson's 2nd task, when toddlers confront challenge of understanding that they are separate individuals
any act that seriously endangers a child's physical or emotional well-being
personality style; intense fear, social inhibition, and often depression
deviation from normally joyful response to being reunited w/ primary caregiver, signaling problem
any frontal lobe ability that allows us to inhibit our responses & to plan & direct our thinking
worst childrearing approach where parents provide little discipline and little nurturing
process of teaching new skills by entering child's zone... & tailoring efforts to person's competence level

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Created Oct 11, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:Definition Quiz, 4-7, term

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