Miscellaneous Quiz / CFD 155 Ch. 4-7

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QUIZ: Can you name the CFD 155 Ch. 4-7?

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DefinitionTerm
idea that an operation or procedure can be repeated in opposite direction
situation in which one or more children (or adults) harass or target a specific child for systematic abuse
feeling upset about having caused harm to a person or about having violated one's internal standard of behavior
physical abilities that involve large muscle movements
way by which human beings learn to regulate behavior etc by talking to self
any frontal lobe ability that allows us to inhibit our responses & to plan & direct our thinking
type of childrearing where parents provide rules but rank high on child-centeredness
preop child's inability to grasp that person's core 'self' stays the same despite changes in appearance
capacity to manage one's emotional state
drive to act based on pleasure of taking that action in itself, not for an external reinforcer or reward
any hostile or destructive act
during 4 to 7 months, when infants show slight preference for their primary caregiver
when baby becomes wary of unfamiliar people & only allows primary caregiver to hold them
preop child's belief that human beings make everything
insecure attachment style characterized by child's indifference to primary caregiver
deviation from normally joyful response to being reunited w/ primary caregiver, signaling problem
feeling of being personally humiliated
preop child's tendency to fix on most visually striking feature
state necessary for acting prosocially, involving feeling upset FOR a person who needs help
insecure attachment style characterized by child's intense distress at separation & difficulty being soothed when reunited
baby's practice of checking back/monitoring caregiver's expressions for cues as to how to behave in potentially dangerous explorations
Erikson's term for psychosocial task that involves the capacity to work for one's goals
type of aggression carried out in response to being frustrated or hurt
person's characteristic, inborn style of dealing with world
play involves making up & acting out a scenario
Erikson's 2nd task, when toddlers confront challenge of understanding that they are separate individuals
concrete op child's ability to look at several dimensions of object/substance
feelings of pride, shame, guilt; first emerge around age 2 & show capacity to reflect on self
DefinitionTerm
critical period (7 months to toddlerhood) characterized by separation anxiety, stranger anxiety, etc
intelligence involved in producing novel ideas or innovative work
children's first cognitive understanding that other people have different beliefs & perspectives
preop child's inability to understand that other people have different points of view from their own
ideal parenting strategy; arranging children's environments to suit temperaments, etc
sharing, helping, and caring actions
when baby gets visibly upset by primary caregiver's departure
during first 3 months of life, when infants show no visible signs of attachment
gap b/t child's ability to solve problem on his own & his potential knowledge if taught by more accomplished person
fantasy play in which children work together to develop & act out scenes
ability to put objects in order according to some principle
Spearman's term for general intelligence
acting to maintain physical contact or to be close to attachment figure
physical abilities that involve small, coordinated movements
victimizing or targeting a specific child (or adult) for systematic abuse online or via email
use of physical force to discipline children
first real smile, occurring at about 2 months of age
powerful bond of love b/t caregiver & child (or b/t any 2 individuals)
most common childhood learning disorder in US; affects mostly boys; excessive restlessness & distractibility
understanding that general category can encompass several subordinate elements
ideal discipline style for socializing prosocial behavior; getting child to empathize with pain he's caused other person
personality style; acting on one's immediate impulses & behaving disruptively & aggressively
feeling exact emotion that another person is experiencing
prosocial behaviors that we carry out for selfless, non-egocentric reasons
intelligence involving performing well on academic-type problems
tendency of highly aggressive children to see motives & actions as threatening when they are actually benign
reciprocal aspect of attachment relationships, with a caregiver & infant responding emotionally to each other
area at uppermost front of brain, responsible for reasoning & planning our actions
DefinitionTerm
preop child's belief that inanimate objects are alive
children who rebound from serious early life traumas to construct successful adult lives
worst childrearing approach where parents provide little discipline and little nurturing
type of aggression initiated to achieve a goal
type of childrearing where parents provide plenty of rules but rank low on child-centeredness
process by which children are taught to obey norms of society & behave in socially appropriate ways
intelligence involved in knowing how to act competently in real-world situations
any act that seriously endangers a child's physical or emotional well-being
state that develops when person feels incapable of affecting outcome of events & so gives up without trying
procedure to measure variations in attachment security; planned separations/reunions w/ primary caregiver
ineffective socialization strategy that involves yelling, screaming, or hitting out in frustration at a child
type of aggression designed to cause harm to a person's relationships
best possible childrearing style, where parents rank high on both nurture & discipline
ideal attachment response
drive to act because that activity offers external reinforcers
insecure attachment style characterized by freezing or fear when reunited with primary caregiver
learning strategy where people repeat info to embed it into memory
label for significantly impaired intellectual functioning
among immigrants, tendency to become more similar in terms of attitudes & practices to mainstream culture after time spent living in new society
process of teaching new skills by entering child's zone... & tailoring efforts to person's competence level
learning strategy where people manage their awareness so as to attend only to what is relevant & filter out unneeded info
learning disability characterized by reading difficulties, lack of fluency, poor word recognition that's often genetic in origin
personality style; intense fear, social inhibition, and often depression
ability to observe our abilities & actions from an outside frame of reference & to reflect on our inner state
optimal form of intelligence, involves having a good balance of analytic, creative, and practical intelligence
closest person in a child's or adult's life
evaluation oneself as either 'good' or 'bad' as result of comparing self to other people
perspective on cognition where thinking is divided into steps much like a computer

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